In the article, “Predicting Involvement in Prison Gang Activity: Street Gang Membership, Social and Psychological Factors.”, they cover several topics describing details relating to gang activity in the prisons. The article discusses how the ideal of wealth socially and monetarily affect those who are in gangs and those who want to join a gang. They also found that different criminal backgrounds helped determine who was more likely to join a gang or not. The prison gangs share some characteristics with streets gangs, but they have different psychological factors and ways of earning membership.
The article starts off by describing prison gangs. Prison gangs have been called “cohesive groups of prisoners, with a leader, whose criminal activities negatively impact on institutions holding them.” On the other hand, others argue that prison gangs have a more diverse definition. Research was conducted and found that there was difference in the way that adult prison gangs conduct themselves between the way that youth gangs conduct themselves. Gangs in adult institutions use violence and threats to control other prisons and staff, too. They use these tactics to gain money and power. However, they cannot be certain that those in youth prison gangs share the reasons as the adult prison gangs. They research found, nonetheless, that the youth were motivated by ranking and power to join youth prison gangs.
In the United States of America, there are several types of regular gang activities: rape, prostitution, murder, theft, intimidation, abuse, contraband, etc. In an ironic twist, these gangs also offer protection. D. J. Stevens conducted research in 1997 that found that 73% of non-gang members wanted to transfer, while 87% wanted prote...
... middle of paper ...
...ieve that this article was important to anything dealing with criminology because it tells about the most common origins of crime: gangs. Although the authors do not provide credentials that show that they are experts in the criminal field, they provide evidence at the end of the article that they have written about the subject at hand. In my opinion, this article was completely unbiased. I did not find any proof that the authors had any reason to speak against or in compliance with gangs. I would like to know more about the stats. I want to also have a more indepth view of why members are attracted to group with each other. This material is current and relevant. It showed recent studies concerning the prisons of today. I, personally, have not seen any events concerning gangs in prisons; therefore, I would have to say no recent events shed light on this material.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- On December 2, of 2010 Mexicans troops captured a 14 year old boy from the U.S. named Edgar Jimenez. He was a hired hit man for one of Mexico’s most vicious drug gangs. He nickname was the stoner because all the beheadings he committed were done while he was high. This chapter focuses on the problem of gang related issues and what causes juveniles to be so intrigued with them. The beginning of the chapter focuses on the impact of youth and there relationships and then how gangs came to be. From there the chapter moves into describing how the gangs act and how all are different form each other.... [tags: Gang, Crime, Illegal drug trade, Criminology]
1314 words (3.8 pages)
- The story, Gang Leader for a Day by Sudhir Venkatesh, is a ethnographic study of a Black King Gang in the Robert Taylor community. Venkatesh accidentally stumbles upon the gang lead by J.T. and decided to study them. Throughout his journey he learns from the violence and illegal activity he witnesses that “in the projects it’s more important that you take care of the problem first. Then you worry about how you took care of it”’ (Venkatesh. 2008:164). He witnesses beatings, selling of illegal drugs, and exploitation of residents; but he also gained a lot of knowledge about the community.... [tags: Ethics, Sociology, Gang, Crime]
2143 words (6.1 pages)
- Gang Leader for a Day by Sudhir Venkatesh is an ethnographic study of a Black King Gang in the Robert Taylor community. Venkatesh accidentally stumbles upon the gang lead by J.T. and decided to study him and the gang. J.T. is familiar with sociology because he a taken a sociology class so he allows Venkatesh to shadow and document the gang which includes the way J.T. uses violence to maintain his power. Venkatesh also worked with Ms. Bailey, the community leader. She helps him learn how she solves problems, the impact of her power and affiliation with the gang, and how to extort money out of the community members.... [tags: Ethics, Sociology, Crime, Gang]
2382 words (6.8 pages)
- 2) The family and school risk factor for gang involvement is almost the same as those risk factors for juvenile delinquency. The more risk factors that the child possesses the more likely they are to join a gang. Family risk factors include single-parent households, dysfunctional family structure, sexual abuse, family violence, family drug/alcohol abuse, poverty, family members are involved with gangs, weak family bonds/structure, problems exist between child and parent, and sibling antisocial behavior.... [tags: Crime, Criminology, Juvenile delinquency, Gang]
1722 words (4.9 pages)
- Gang violence is a major problem in our society today. If nothing is done soon, gang violence could take place in our neighborhoods. MW Klein, a gang researcher, says that gangs are an aggregation of youths who perceive themselves as distinct, and that are viewed as distinct by the community. Klein also states that the gangs call forth a consistently negative image of themselves through their actions (Klein). To those involved in gangs however, gang membership provided a youth means of attempting to consolidate their gender identities (Douglas).... [tags: Gang Violence Crimes Violent Essays]
2296 words (6.6 pages)
- In the United States gang membership has exploded over the last twenty years. According to 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment, there are approximately 1.4 million gang members, and they account for 48% of all violent crimes and an increase of non-violent crimes nationwide (Wong, Tohn, Hung & Ang, 2013). Participation within a gang increases the likelihood of delinquent behavior and could produce negative effects on future life trajectories. Several theories at present consider antisocial attitudes an underlying factor towards gang membership.... [tags: differential association theory]
1097 words (3.1 pages)
- Gangs have been in existence since the beginning of the Roman Empire. There were speeches made by Roman orator, Marcus Tullius Cicero, which references groups of men who constantly fought and disrupted Roman politics (Curry, 2013). The history of street gangs in the United States begins with their emergence on the East Coast around 1783, as the American Revolution ended. Though many believe the best available evidence suggests that the more serious street gangs likely did not emerge until the early part of the nineteenth century (Sante, 1991).... [tags: sociological analysis]
1784 words (5.1 pages)
- Of 24 documented cases of alleged gang rape by college students, fraternity men perpetrated 13. The problem of group sexual assault on college campuses mainly occurs in an environment where group behavior and acceptance is important to the men involved, i.e. fraternities (Bechhofer & Parrot 144). Looking at the environment surrounding this type of group one can see what causes the prevalence of this type of assault in fraternities. Why does this violence occur within these groups and how is it handled.... [tags: college rape on campus sexual assault]
2817 words (8 pages)
- Gang Initiative Gangs have increasingly more violent over time and have increased their drugs activities and other illegal activities in order to support the gang and help recruit young new members. Our community is in need of a community policing program to help solve this problem. I will create a long-term plan of action that will include educational and local initiatives to help rectify this gang problem and help this community with a long-term solution. There are several initiatives that can help solve this problem.... [tags: Crime, Police, Criminology, Gang]
873 words (2.5 pages)
- The author, Robert Garot spells out several less talked about sociological and psychological elements that incite gang foundation, violence, and prevalence. Which span from “street warrior” titles to the innocent adolescent that is forced through oppressive outside forces, and individual demographics that leads inner city youth to participate in gangs in schools and on the streets. He separates his explanations by analyzing political environments and academic communities. Starting from the historical context and linking it back to contemporary issues of imperfect political ideas, Garot tells how strong socially created labels only increase the problem.... [tags: Criminology, Crime, Gang, Sociology]
1134 words (3.2 pages)