Primary drug prevention programs have a history dating as far back as the late 1800’s. Primary drug prevention program utilized the school system to inform young non drug users of the dangers of drug use. The primary drug prevention attempted to change children’s path by entering information early in the youth’s education as to build a tolerance to other factors. Factors include deviant behavior, social influence and behavioral issues Primary drug prevention cannot prevent some of these factors, it does however endeavor to reinforce positive behaviors with drug use.
School drug prevention programs for elementary schools as stated by National Institute on Drug abuse should focus on self-control, emotional awareness, communication, social problem solving, and academic support. NIDA states that for middle school the following problems should be focused on study habits and academic support, communication, peer relationships, self-efficacy and assertiveness, drug resistance skills, reinforcements of anti-drug attitudes and strengthening of personal commitment againist drug usage.
(“Prevention principles,” 2003)
This approach suffered the issue of attempting to educate children who had already tried the substances and children were aware of the pleasure of ...
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...that “Treatment is also much less expensive than its alternatives, such as incarcerating addicted persons. For example, the average cost for 1 full year of methadone maintenance treatment is approximately $4,700 per patient, whereas 1 full year of imprisonment costs approximately $24,000 per person.” (“How effective is drug addiction treatment?,” 2012). This information is useful in evaluating the options for solving the dilemma between treatments of substance abuse.
The information found is this report has shown that the best drug prevention would seem to be secondary and tertiary. Statistics would also indicate that rehabilitation which is not a perfect system does have a high percentage of chance to manage drug abusers. The research found in this report shows that peers, family and religious prevention is the most productive type of primary drug prevention program
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