The Philosophy And Science During The Seventeenth And Early Eighteenth Century

The Philosophy And Science During The Seventeenth And Early Eighteenth Century

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The developments in philosophy and science in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries not only challenged the authority of religion, for the Catholic and Protestant faith, it also brought about unexpected changes in the methods used for reasoning. Areas of thought that were once restricted by religious tradition, were becoming increasingly more open, subject to question, and exceedingly secular. Due to the radical ideas presented by the likes of Francis Bacon (empirical method), Rene Descartes (deductive method), and Johannes Kepler (heliocentrisim), the atmosphere that surrounded the scientific and philosophical community was essentially redesigned to fit a new way of thinking. This new way of thinking revolved around the notion that the pursuit of “… Scientia, the Latin word for “knowledge,” was to be found in the world, not in religious belief” (Sayre). The pursuit of knowledge and truth has always been an element which brings progress, however while they were in the pursuit of this, there was a staunch opposition against it, via religious entities, i.e. the Catholic and Protestant church.
Francis Bacon (1561-1626) was an English Renaissance statesman, scientist and philosopher, who was a staunch advocate for the use of scientific method to uncover the truths of nature. As with many scholars of the time, they were brought up learning about science and philosophy in an Aristotelian way of deduction (via our senses), which was mainly controlled and instituted by the church. These views were simply not satisfying and it left a wide gap which was open to interpretation. Bacon would subsequently inquire into its validity, with the only aspect being greatly admired and rejected, the primacy of observation. Although the “…direc...


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...which taught that the earth was the center of the universe and that all planets revolve around it. The bulk of threat towards him and his work came from the Catholic church, “after the Counter-Reformation came in 1625, Catholic authorities temporarily removed his library and ordered his children to attend mass” (“Johannes Kepler”).
In short, the advancements made in philosophy and in science during the seventeenth and early eighteenth century made a substantial impact on not only religion, but also on a sense of tradition which ran deep in religious settings. Antiquated methods of deduction virtually eroded after the works of Bacon, Descartes and Kepler. Although each of them had their separate fields and shared varied interests, the unifying factor between them is that, there’s a never-ending thirst for knowledge which often comes in the form of a deep curiosity.

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