The, Perception, And Attention Essay examples

The, Perception, And Attention Essay examples

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Sensation, perception, and attention are essential to our interpretation of the world around us. They are especially important when working in a team-oriented environment that cannot meet face-to-face. Our team conducted a dialogue on our individual preferences for auditory stimuli, dichotic listening, and divided attention in order to better work better as a group. This helped us form a set of rules that will allow us to give our full attention to our work when working as a team. Without our basic senses, we would be unable to communicate to the outside world as our perception of the world would be significantly altered.
“Sensation refers to the process by which the sense organs gather information about the environment and transmit this information to the brain for initial processing,” (Kowalski & Weston, 2011, p. 108). We have a number of sense organs which correspond to processes such as hearing, seeing and touching and relay that information to our brain through sensory receptor cells. These receptors respond to stimuli from the outside world and our inner world as well. The specialty area within the field of psychology that studies sensory limits, sensory adaptation, and related topics is called psychophysics (Lahey 2002). All this information tells us what feels hot to the touch or how certain things smell. In our team, we have members who need quite to be able to concentrate on their assignments while others need background noises to help them process information (personal communication, August 6, 2014). However, we cannot experience sensation without the ability to perceive and interpret them.
Perception is “the process by which the brain selects, organizes, and interprets sensations” (Kowalski & Westen, 2010, p. 108). Ea...

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...ach ear (Kowalski & Westen, 2010). Some people have an easier time blocking out one side or simultaneously listening to both than other people. The auditory threshold is “the minimum amount of physical energy needed for an observer to notice a stimulus” (Kowalski & Westen, 2010, p.111). Every person has a different threshold and the stimulus can be both internal and external in origin. Multitasking or dividing attention is defined by trying to do more than two things at the same time. Just as with dichotic listening and auditory threshold, multitasking is different from person to person. Creating a cohesive team with these challenges in mind can be daunting. Trying to be a team in an online environment can be even more difficult. It is important to establish ground rules for studying and doing assignments that is beneficial to each member’s unique learning style.

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