The Herpes virus is anywhere between 125 nm and 200 nm in diameter with an icosahedral capsid encased in an envelope. Unlike the typical plasma membrane which is the origin of many viruses, the Herpes virus has an organelle membrane. The surface of the envelope is scattered with distinct spikes. Beneath the envelope are rows of proteins called tegument, which fill the space between the capsid and the envelope. This encompasses the viral-encoded proteins and enzymes linked to the start of replication. The virus’ capsomere forms the shape of an “O” with a diameter of 100 nm to 200 nm. The genome of the virus’ double-stranded DNA that is linear with about 125 to 290 kilobase pairs and can encode anywhere between 170 and 200 proteins. (2)
Upon infection, the Herpes virus will bond to either neurons or epithelial cells. When determining a cell-host to bind to, the spikes on the ...
... middle of paper ...
...tments are being used to relieve some of the painful symptoms associated with the virus. Certain medications are decreasing the overall number of outbreaks as well as helping to shorten the time it takes to heal and to minimize the pain caused by an outbreak.
1. L. Bilder, R. Elimelech, M. Szwarcwort-Cohen, Z. Kra-Oz, E. Machtei, The prevalence of human herpes viruses in the saliva of chronic periodontitis patients compared to oral health providers and healthy controls. Arch. Virol. 158, 1221-1226 (2013).
2. J. L. Huff, P. A. Barry, B-Virus (Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1) Infection in Humans and Macaques: Potential for Zoonotic Disease. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 9, 246 (2003).
3. O. Akhova, M. Bainbridge, V. Misra, The Neuronal Host Cell Factor-Binding Protein Zhangfei Inhibits Herpes Simplex Virus Replication. J. Virol. 79, 14708-14718 (2005).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- “Slavery was abolished 150 years ago, right. While it is true that slavery is illegal almost everywhere on earth, the fact is there are more slaves today than there ever were…” is a quote by Robert Alan Silverstein referring to the issue with human trafficking in today’s society. This quote accurately describes slavery now because slavery now is more hidden and not out in the open like it used to be. According to Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking an estimated 2.5 million people each year are forced into labor as a result of trafficking.... [tags: Human Rights Abuse]
1890 words (5.4 pages)
- System Overview The Lake County Library System consists of an administrative office located in Tavares, nine member libraries, and six branch libraries. Member libraries include: Fruitland Park Library; Helen Lehmann Memorial Library in Montverde; Lady Lake Public Library; Leesburg Public Library; Marianne Beck Memorial Library in Howey-in-the-Hills; Minneola Schoolhouse Library; City of Tavares Public Library; Umatilla Public Library; and the W.T. Bland Public Library in Mount Dora. Branch libraries include: Astor County Library; Cagan Crossings Community Library in the Four Corners area; Cooper Memorial Library in Clermont; East Lake County Library in Sorrento; Marion Baysinger Memorial C... [tags: System Overview]
1892 words (5.4 pages)
- 1. INTRODUCTION The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) forms part of the genus Lentivirus, which itself forms part of the family Retroviridae. The virus is the cause of the disease called Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which primarily results in a decline in the hosts immune system, making the host susceptible to life-threatening infections and diseases. HIV may be sub-divided into two separate types namely, HIV-1 and HIV-2. The difference between the two is mainly that HIV-1 is more easily transferred then the transfer rate of HIV-2, while the rest of the symptoms, characteristics, and outcomes are approximately the same.... [tags: disease progression, symptoms]
2019 words (5.8 pages)
- Literature Review: Self-Determination Overview of Research Numerous theories have been written on human needs and motivation, focusing on psychological and social needs. The Self-Determination Theory holds that there are three basic human needs that must be met for self-esteem and positive well-being: autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Autonomy refers to an individual’s sense of choice, initiative, and ownership of one’s behavior; engaging in meaningful and interesting activities is necessary to satisfy this need.... [tags: human needs, ]
1599 words (4.6 pages)
- Overview of Children’s Rights Movements According to child rights organizations based in the US, legal protection of children began in France in the middle of the 19th century and, subsequently, spread across Europe and to the United States (Child Rights Campaign, nd; Humanium, nd). From inception, concern for children 's rights was mainly a European (Western and Christian) phenomenon. A chronology posted on each of the websites above indicate a turning point in child protection occurred in 1919 with the formation of The League of Nations (now known as the United Nation).... [tags: Human rights, United Nations]
747 words (2.1 pages)
- Human trafficking is the transportation of victims by other people for sexual exploitation to gain revenue (Aronowitz, 2013). Government officials have spent many hours putting legislation into action fighting against the modern slavery, human trafficking. However, studies and research have proven that the legislation has in no way stopped trafficking, but forced it to be a more secretive crime. The lack of knowledge of the modern day slavery has also been a factor in the human trafficking process because no one recognizes when the crime is occurring.... [tags: traffickers, government, victims]
1277 words (3.6 pages)
- Taxonomy of biological organisms begins with the single identification whether they are living or not. Viruses are usually considered as non-living ones, as they can grow and replicate only inside cells. Because of their nature they are mainly pathogenic, causing different diseases in humans. Herpesvirus family is one of the most known ones and associated with development of cancer diseases. Cytomegalovirus, which is considered to cause mild form diseases, is largely underestimated as it can cause various complications.... [tags: herpervirus, cells, dna]
1119 words (3.2 pages)
- Relocation is always an exciting experience and a challenge to the people who have no knowledge about the deployed country. Therefore, we are happy to provide any assistance for your upcoming journey. This article is aim to provide information of Singapore to help you gain your knowledge before your arrival. It includes brief introduction and some suggestions. We hope you may find it useful. History Singapore, strategically situated at the Southern tip of the Malayan Peninsula, between Malaysia and Indonesia, is an island city state with 714 sq km.... [tags: Country Overview, Geography]
1774 words (5.1 pages)
- Since the beginning of time, humans have always been curious about themselves and others. Especially when it comes to behavior, interactions and how humans came to be through society. This combination of curiosities led to become a necessary job for the better of society. Sociologists study human development by studying human cultures, institutions, social interactions, religious, and political views (Sociologists). A sociologist is a unique job that offers many financial benefits, a variety of career opportunities, and exciting learning experiences.... [tags: Human Development, Social Institutions]
1362 words (3.9 pages)
- Overview of CYC Abstract The CYC project is the first serious attempt to build a base of human consensus knowledge -- to encode common sense. The CYC system is intended to provide a "deep" layer of understanding that can eventually be used by other programs to make them more flexible and less "brittle". This paper discusses of the motivations behind the encoding of common sense, provides an overview of the CYC system and touches on some of its applications. Introduction Often it is enough is to solve problems in a very specific domain.... [tags: Human Consensus Knowledge]
2137 words (6.1 pages)
- Sleep, Sleep Disorders, and Biological Rhythms by Charles J Amlaner
- Factors of Gary Ridgway Becoming A Serial Killer
- Shallow Wells: A Method to Provide Clean Water to the Underprivileged
- The Benefits of Music on Exercise Performance
- Davie's Concept of Believing but Not Belonging to Religion
- Survival in the Wild: Jack London's To Build a Fire and Arthur Gordon's Sea Devil