Overview of Authorship Attribution Essay

Overview of Authorship Attribution Essay

Length: 2195 words (6.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Authorship attribution is one of the largest areas of Forensic Linguistics. It entails determining who wrote, or more commonly, ruling out who wrote a text when authorship is unclear. Linguists assume that each particular choice the writer makes as a whole will enable identification as authors are consistent in their choices. Linguists have three main problematic scenarios when attempting authorship attribution; there is no candidate set and a profile is required, there are many candidates for a limited sample and verification where one determines whether the suspect is the author or not. In regards to whether a communication was written by the suspect or deceased, we would need to focus upon the third scenario. Documents that would entail authorship dispute regarding a deceased individual would include wills, last testaments and suicide notes.

In the case of a suicide note being left behind the linguist has several issues to consider. Most importantly, why the deceased may have committed suicide. Normally it has little relevance to the linguist why a person commits a crime or does something but knowing the reasons why will help distinguish genuine from simulated and it is almost always the first question relatives ask. In order to discover why, it is useful to know what friends and family feel after initial grief. Common views are that the person was crazy, a coward or a loser. This popular view of suicide helps the linguist to an extent as a fake suicide note is more likely to reflect popular attitudes instead of how the person actually feels.

One of the main approaches to the methodology of authorship attribution is the Unitary Invariant Approach which was pioneered by Mendenhall (1887) who sought to distinguis...

... middle of paper ...

...Eds.) Corpus Annotation: Linguistic Information from Computer Text Corpora. Ch.4, p.53-65. London: Longman.
Scott, Mike. (1998a). WordSmith Tools. Version 3. Oxford University Press. http://www.lexically.net/wordsmith [Accessed circa 2001.]
Grice, H.P. (1975). “Logic and Conversation”. In Cole, P. & Morgan, J.L. (Eds.) Syntax and Semantics. Vol.3, Speech Acts, p.41-58. New York: Academic Press.[Reprinted in Jaworski, A. & Coupland, N. (Eds.) (2004). The Discourse Reader. p.76-88. London: Routledge.]
Coulthard, Malcolm & Johnson, Alison. (2007). “The work of the forensic linguist”. An Introduction to Forensic Linguistics: Language in Evidence. Ch.6, p.121-143. London & New York: Routledge.
H Baayen, H van Halteren, and F Tweedie
Outside the cave of shadows: using syntactic annotation to enhance authorship attribution
Lit Linguist Computing 1996 11: 121-132.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Effects of Attribution Style on Learned Helplessness

- The reformulated learned helplessness model incorporates the attribution theory, to state an individual’s perceived internal or external control of events affects the expectancy of future outcomes. Internal versus external control, refers to the degree to which a person expects a reinforcement or outcome of an event, is contingent upon their behavior or personal characterizes versus expecting the outcome to be a function of chance or fate, being under the control of others, or utterly unpredictable (Rotter, 1966)....   [tags: external control, attribution theory, behavior]

Term Papers
1449 words (4.1 pages)

Intellectual Property, Copyright, Authorship, and Individuality in Music and Print Culture

- Intellectual Property, Copyright, Authorship, and Individuality in Music and Print Culture When the alphabet was invented, spoken epics could be converted into an abstract representation - writing. The experience of the spoken epic poem could be transformed into written format. Although books can be read aloud and therefore retain some similarity to the communal nature of the oral tradition, books can also be read silently in solitude, emphasizing the individual reader. Among the many functions that Roger Chartier has attributed to the figure of the author is not only the role of creator to the content, but also to appropriate ownership of that creation to whomever owns the property r...   [tags: Intellectual Property Copyright Authorship]

Free Essays
805 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on The Lake County Library System System Overview

- System Overview The Lake County Library System consists of an administrative office located in Tavares, nine member libraries, and six branch libraries. Member libraries include: Fruitland Park Library; Helen Lehmann Memorial Library in Montverde; Lady Lake Public Library; Leesburg Public Library; Marianne Beck Memorial Library in Howey-in-the-Hills; Minneola Schoolhouse Library; City of Tavares Public Library; Umatilla Public Library; and the W.T. Bland Public Library in Mount Dora. Branch libraries include: Astor County Library; Cagan Crossings Community Library in the Four Corners area; Cooper Memorial Library in Clermont; East Lake County Library in Sorrento; Marion Baysinger Memorial C...   [tags: System Overview]

Term Papers
1892 words (5.4 pages)

The Authorship of Shakespeare Essay

- Shakespeare was a playwright from Stratford who had arguably the most influential affect on English literature and the English language. His works are still praised to this day for their divine superiority, however, controversy in exceeding amounts has risen over the dispute of his authorship. This controversy has been the topic of many arguments between differently opinionated scholars who support opposing theories and beliefs (Friedman XV). "A difficult dilemma confronts biographers who tell the story of the glove maker's son from Stratford-on-Avon who is supposed to have become the world's greatest poet and dramatist" (Whalen 3)....   [tags: English literature history]

Term Papers
1631 words (4.7 pages)

Attribution Theory As A Guide For Post Crisis Communication Research Essay

- Coombs, W. T. (2007). Attribution theory as a guide for post-crisis communication research. Public Relations Review, 33(2), 135-139. In this article, Coombs explores the role that attribution theory plays in guiding post-crisis communication research and providing an integrative method for diverse crisis studies in different fields. Attribution theory provides a universal set of shared methods and concepts that allow integration of research results from various researchers. After conducting several communication-based crises studies since 1995, the author argues that it is time to go beyond the confinements of the case study and shift to empirical methods....   [tags: Public relations, Communication]

Term Papers
1714 words (4.9 pages)

Attribution Theory: Examining External and Internal Attribution Essay

- The attribution theory is the theory on how people explain things. One of the best things about being human is being able to explain anything. A synonym of attribution is exclamation. We as humans have a strong need to understand things. If you can influence people and explain what is happening, you may be able to change them. Attribution Theory Attribution theory correlates with how people exemplify events and how it affects their behavior and thinking. People making casual explanations is known as attribution theory....   [tags: psychology]

Term Papers
629 words (1.8 pages)

Essay about Attribution Theory

- With reference to articles published within the last decade, critically evaluate the contribution to Social Psychology made by any one Attribution Theory This paper will define and explain attributions based on Weiner’s (1974, 1985) theory of attribution, The literature surrounding Weiner’s (1974, 1985) model shall be examined, in particular, articles that focus on stigmatisation within society, and the usefulness of attributions in a sporting context, before finally exploring the universal applicability of attributions in different cultural societies....   [tags: Psychology]

Term Papers
3000 words (8.6 pages)

Essay on Authorship of a Text

- Authorship of a Text Introduction: Tabloid and broadsheet newspapers are both aimed at different audiences. This, therefore, means that they are written differently to correspond with the audience that they are aimed at. Tabloid newspapers supposedly give an easier read than a broadsheet newspaper and this is what this investigation will prove. Aim: The aim of this piece of coursework is to gain information about authorship of a text using statistical measures. I will collect data from a population with a view to estimating population parameters (e.g....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
1670 words (4.8 pages)

Essay Attribution theory

- ATTRIBUTION THEORY OF FRITZ HEIDER Introduction This article starts off by a man having his wife serve on a jury in a federal case involving conspiracy, racketeering, drug dealing, armed robbery, and extortion. There were seven defendants and one that escaped from police custody. The key government witness was an ex-gang member named Larry who was called “the Canary” by the defendants because he turned informer. For two months Jean, the wife, listened to Larry’s testimony and tried to figure out whether his account of the incident was credible or not....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
836 words (2.4 pages)

Authorship debate Essay

- William Shakespeare’s works being just that is a notion most accept; however, there has been a lot of evidence and arguments by historians, who opt to challenge this notion, arguing that Shakespeare was the pen name of Edward de Vere, the Earl of Oxford had to conceal his authorship for social and political reasons. After careful examination of historian’s evidence this theory doesn’t measure up and it was indeed Shakespeare, who was the genuine author. The world has come to accept that William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England, during the year of 1564....   [tags: essays research papers]

Term Papers
1603 words (4.6 pages)