In order to understand Nietzsche’s critique of Kant’s philosophy, we must first understand what it is that Kant emphasizes in his theory of morality. For, “it is a duty to preserve one’s life” (Groundwork pg.389), therefore a duty is an action with moral worth; whereas motives of inclination on the other hand are not actions of moral worth. According to Kant, by acting out of moral duty we as humans fulfill the moral law to which we act out of respect for it. The moral law, which is also known as the categorical imperative, is Kant’s notion that man acts based on a, “universal maxim” without conditions (Groundwork pg.392). Kant’s notion of a categorical imperative is associated with objective ends. In other words, it declares what is right, not for individuals, but for mankind as a whole. Humanity, which comes from Kant’s notion of the categorical imperative, is understood, “as an end, never as a means” (Holtman pg.105). That is vital in comprehending Kant’s proposal that we as humans are the only beings capable of acting on the basis of policies or plans (Johnson pg.21), or in accordance with moral law. Unlike animals, humanity to humans is not somethi...
... middle of paper ...
... conclusion, Nietzsche does not agree with the notion of liberalism or the establishment of a liberal democracy because of the subjectivity of man to the universal law rooted within and the law that binds man to the herd of liberalism.
Nietzsche’s critique of Kantian moral law and liberal democracy as an establishment comes from not only his lack of agreement with religion, namely Christianity, but also his belief that man’s purpose is not within himself but beyond himself; also known as the overman. According to Nietzsche, democracy is equivalent to a “waning type of man” (Beyond Good and Evil pg.129). With this being said, the conclusion I have drawn concerning Nietzsche’s critique of Kantian morality is that true freedom is surrendered under the rule of liberal democracy, similar to how it is relinquished when man lives by way of the moral law as put forth by Kant.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In Elements of Pure Practical Reason Book, I, Immanuel Kant, a prominent late Enlightenment Era German philosopher discusses his most famous ethical theory, the “Categorical Imperative.” The “Categorical Imperative” is a proposed universal law in stating all humans are forbidden from certain actions regardless of consequences. Although this is the general definition of this ethical theory, the Categorical Imperative” exists in two above formulations, A strict interpretation of Categorical Imperative and a more liberal interpretation.... [tags: Immanuel Kant, Philosophy, Ayn Rand, Kantianism]
1257 words (3.6 pages)
- Final Reaction Paper When comparing the medieval sources of ethics to current day, it is pertinent to note the historical, political, and cultural perspectives of the time. Throughout this course we have examined such traditions conveyed through the philosophers’ use of skepticism, materialism, empiricism, idealism, to today’s existentialism. The views of those from Plato to Nietzsche were all comments of the society’s state during the time and way of thinking. Early philosophers like Plato and Aristotle contributed much to Western thought as their ideas came during a time of much change.... [tags: Philosophy, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Reason]
1250 words (3.6 pages)
- Morality has existed for a long time, all the laws and rules that we have now are based on morality. Morality refers to cultural values and codes, it tells us what is wrong and right. But before we decide what is right and wrong, we have to understand and know what is moral. Kant, Mill, and Nietzsche in their books, “Grounding for Metaphysics of Morals”, “Utilitarianism”, and On the Genealogy of Morality” are trying to find what does “moral” means, what is morality, and what is moral about morality.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]
712 words (2 pages)
- Kant & Nietzsche Jeffrey Wegrzyn Introduction to Philosophy Immanuel Kant’s theory of ethics is rooted in deontology. Describing Kant’s ethics as deontological means that they are derivative of mankind’s moral duty. For Kant, this critical component of ethics is an extension of Hume’s fork as it creates a third category, which is synthetic Apriori. This category is comprised of math, ethics and causality. His rules-based ethics revolves around the good will, as deontology in its nature revolves around adhering to the rules.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Virtue]
1054 words (3 pages)
- Immanuel Kant’s philosophy is one of discernment and reasoning, to the extent of complete objectiveness, which a majority of humans would reason as impractical or unrealistic. However, his views of the world are the easiest way of having a utopian world, similar to Tomas More’s view of what a utopia is. Further, More states in his writing Utopia that “You wouldn 't abandon ship in a storm just because you couldn 't control the winds.”(More, Utopia) symbolizing the world of today, a broken ship that longs for reconstruction to be made.... [tags: Human, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Utopia]
1535 words (4.4 pages)
- Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher from the 18th century, widely known for his various achievements and works such as Critique of Pure Reason and Foundations of Metaphysics of Morals. Kant developed a theory of ethics that depends on reason rather than emotion called The Moral Law. Kant was not anti-religious but he wanted an ethical system that was not obscured by religion, emotion or personal interpretation. According to Kant, morality is a function of reason, based on our consciousness of necessary and universal laws.... [tags: law, duty, theory of ethics]
774 words (2.2 pages)
- “Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and more steadily we reflect on them: the starry heavens above and the moral law within.” said Immanuel Kant. Morality is referred to as a societal code of conduct put forward by rational persons given the specified conditions. Throughout time, the concept of what morality is has played a crucial role in the study of ethics. Considered as the most influential thinker of the enlightenment era and one of the greatest western philosophers, German philosopher Immanuel Kant profoundly impacted the study of ethics.... [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Deontological ethics]
1001 words (2.9 pages)
- In this paper, I will argue that Immanuel Kant’s universal law test is a form of consequentialism. I will begin by explaining Kant’s formulation of his Categorical Imperative, and the moral theories on which it relies. Next, I will introduce John Stuart Mill’s criticism of Kant’s moral theory, and explain why I believe that he is correct in claiming that Kant’s arguments ultimately rely on utilitarian principles. In his book Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant argues that “There is no possibility of thinking of anything at all… which can be regarded as good without qualifications, except a good will” (7).... [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Ethics, Philosophy]
1054 words (3 pages)
- Maggie Fitzgerald was raised knowing one thing; she was trash. She had no true family that cared for her. No one even really knew she existed. The only person who gave her hope was her father. That was true up until she found the sport boxing and met Frankie. She earned everything through blood, sweat, and tears. Even when people were telling her she couldn’t do it, she still tried. Through all of this Maggie gained freedom, personhood, and experience. Freedom according to Immanuel Kant is the ability to guide ones actions using laws of one’s own making.... [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative]
773 words (2.2 pages)
- The Question: State your understanding of the philosophy of F. Nietzsche. What does he mean by saying "God is Dead". Nietzsche's philosophy is that of a radical view as it calls for the complete reevaluation of morals and blatantly attacks the Judeo-Christian tradition in modern society. He believed one should dare to become who they are. In order to ascertain one's full potential as a human being, the ethic system of which by society runs, must be changed as it only hampers one's will to power.... [tags: Philosophy Atheist Atheism Friedrich Nietzsche]
752 words (2.1 pages)