Compare And Contrast Nietzsche And Kant's Theory Of Ethics

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Kant & Nietzsche
Jeffrey Wegrzyn

Introduction to Philosophy
Immanuel Kant’s theory of ethics is rooted in deontology. Describing Kant’s ethics as deontological means that they are derivative of mankind’s moral duty. For Kant, this critical component of ethics is an extension of Hume’s fork as it creates a third category, which is synthetic Apriori. This category is comprised of math, ethics and causality. His rules-based ethics revolves around the good will, as deontology in its nature revolves around adhering to the rules. Kant says that intelligence is great by nature, but means very little unless you apply them in virtuous and good will. In order for something to be truly good, it must be intrinsically good and without qualification.
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Where Kant’s system is based on a set of principles or duties, Nietzsche’s system is based on virtue. Nietzsche is critical of Christianity in general and its evaluation of morality. In the reevaluation of values, he shows how the characteristics of morality in Christianity are more prohibitive of living virtuously than those of Ancient Greece, which include strength, confidence, sexuality, and creativity. In Christianity, those values are pity, shame, asexuality, and humility. The set of values of Ancient Greece is considered Master Morality and the values of deontology is considered to be Slave Morality. Master morality is a step in the right direction for morality but still not the…show more content…
Being neutral on this scale means that you sublimate the urges and drives that go against the values of the master morality. Instead of putting them in a box and suppressing those urges, we must sublimate and channel them in a creative and personal way. Nietzsche says that just as there is nobody or nothing that can create your own values, nothing else can tell you how to sublimate your urges; they are individually calibrated. Only a select people, whom Nietzsche calls Übermensch or master race, will actually go beyond good and evil and create their own set of values and morals. Nietzsche also believes that we will inherently strive to achieve and succeed by no other force of morality, but because of the will to power. What makes nature, nature, and what makes us who we are is based on the will to power; an innate
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