Many countries around the world have suffered for years to gain political rights and freedom for all people. These countries did not have many resources to help people in their poor conditions. One such country is South Africa, where many South Africans were treated unfairly under apartheid, a law, made in 1950, to separate the African minorities from the white population living in South Africa.1 The Whites banned interracial and intersexual relations between Blacks and non-Black people, and the Black people owned only about 20% of the land.2 Black people were not given political representation, not given satisfactory facilities, and could not conduct any labor unions against the White population. Even though South Africa was free from the British in 1912, the people still went through a lot of difficulties, which were harsher than colonization. 3 South Africa was losing ground, slowly, but the people soon got hope from a famous activist, Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela fought for South African’s rights, going through a lot of pain and terror, to make sure that Black people will be treated fairly and equal, in all circumstances, with other races.
Once South Africans got their independence from the British, a group of people gathered together forming the American National Congress (ANC), against the 1913 Land Act, saying that Black people would have to work as sharecroppers and live separately from the White people.4 The ANC hoped to help Black people unite and gain power against these white men’s torture. The Congress also conducted protests to fight for participation in the government, and to reduce taxes for Black workers. Many men and women joined happily, but their protests didn’t last long. 5 White men created apartheid a...
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21. “African National Congress: South Africa’s National Liberation Movement”, 2011, accessed November 25,2013, http://www.anc.org.za/show.php?id=206.
22. Overfield, 449-451.
23. Nelson Mandela, Notes to the Future, (New York: Atria Books), 2012, 52,77.
24. Ibid., 449-451.
27. Nelson Mandela, Notes to the Future, (New York: Atria Books), 2012, 52,77.
“African National Congress: South Africa’s National Liberation Movement”.November 25,2013. http://www.anc.org.za/show.php?id=206.
“Aparthied”. November 24,2013. http://www.history.com/topics/apartheid.
Mandela, Nelson. Conversations With Myself. NewYork: The Nelson Mandela Foundation. 2010.
Mandela, Nelson. Notes to the Future. New York: Atria Books. 2012.
Overfield, James H. Sources of twentieth-Century World History. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning 2002.
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