Lorenz Blume writes that direct democracy (referenda) does not make for better citizens. A study was conducted to determine if countries that used direct democratic institutions more often than democratic countries that didn’t (93 countries in total). The study measured three main assessments; increased voter turnout, greater interest in politics and increased participation in political action, and third, greater trust in government and political parties, if more referendums are held. Interest in politics and the incentive to discuss political matters are never significantly associated with referendums and initiatives. In other words, citizens who have greater say in the matters of the state (because of referendum) does not ...
... middle of paper ...
...o the Costa Rican constitution. The referendum deeply divided the nation, with support for the treaty, and support for a more socialist approach split. While the government and President Arias were officially neutral, the heavily biased propaganda campaign in favour of the treaty made the referendum appear as a tool for citizen manipulation rather than an instance of informed citizen participation. Documents circulated that Arias was withholding government funds to mayors who did not support the Yes campaign. Arias also made subtle remarks trying to associate the No campaign with Cuban leader Fidel Castro, or Venezuelan President Chavez; both socialist leaders. The treaty narrowly passed and while many suspected Arias and the NLP (National Liberation Party) of being bias, Arias stayed on as president until 2010, and the NLP stayed government until 2014. (Breuer 464).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Politics have been evolving and changing since our Founding Fathers created the American government system. From the evolution to social media and television, politicians have been able to reach a broader audience through varying mediums in various ways. Though these changes have altered the political battleground over time, rhetoric and communication remains at the heart of politics. While the ways we receive this communication has progressed, the effect it has on voters has remained constant.... [tags: Political party, Politics, Persuasion, Rhetoric]
1134 words (3.2 pages)
- Politics is today commonly associated with ‘party politics’ where each party represents a certain group of people in Parliament and considers issues through a specific lens. Britain has three main political parties; first, the Conservative Party on the right, which advocates the encouragement of private property, the preservation of a strong military, and the conservation of traditional cultural values. Second, the Labour Party on the left which is closely affiliated to trade unions, promotes nationalization, a welfare state and a Keynesian approach to economics; and the third, Liberal Democrats at the centre who put an emphasis on individual liberty, equality, a mixed economy, a developed... [tags: labour, conservative, liberal democtrats]
1801 words (5.1 pages)
- According to Hershey (2007), a political party “is a body of men united, for promoting by their joint endeavors the national interest, upon some particular in which they are all agreed” (p. 6). Political parties, in America, produce three interacting parts which is party organization, party in government, and party in the electorate. Party organization includes party leaders and the activists who worked for the causes and candidates. Party in government is made of both the men and women that compete for and hold public office with the party’s name.... [tags: Sociology, Social movement, Politics, Government]
1304 words (3.7 pages)
- Democracy has been the root of a limited government, the system of which government powers are distributed so that one group of leaders do not have too much influence. The limited government has been structured to keep peace amongst all parties that are involved in the government. And under the U.S. Constitution, citizens are given ultimate power by their right to choose their representatives through the democratic process of voting. Each levels of the government are limited as they have their own responsibilities.... [tags: Democracy, Government]
1024 words (2.9 pages)
- The political party is a group of people that are organized to gather knowledge and exercise political power. All parties develop a political program that defines their ideology to set up the agenda they wish to pursue if they win elective offices or gain power through extra parliamentary means. In the United States, party candidates are usually selected through primary elections at state level. These political parties influence policy by getting their members elected or appointed to government offices.... [tags: Politics]
716 words (2 pages)
- The Impact of Two Strong Political Parties on America’s Politics The Constitution has nothing to say about political parties. Nowhere does it define political parties or explicitly specify that there should be two dominant parties. Nevertheless, America has had a strong two party system for last 150 years, a degree of party stability and endurance that can be found in no other nation (Landy and Milkis, 451). This system of two dominant parties has both its advantages and its drawbacks, the same as any system will.... [tags: Politics Political Science]
1487 words (4.2 pages)
- The Four Political Parties of Canada In a country as vast and as culturally diverse as Canada, many different political opinions can be found stretched across the country. From the affluent neighbourhoods of West Vancouver to the small fishing towns located on the east coast of Newfoundland, political opinions and affiliations range from the left wing to the right wing. To represent these varying political views, Canada has four official national political parties to choose from: the Liberals (who are currently in power), the Progressive Conservatives, the New Democrats, and the Reform Party.... [tags: Canadian Politics Political Government Essays]
4270 words (12.2 pages)
- What influences parties’ choices between clientelistic and programmatic citizen- politician linkages. In the context of democratization, many authoritarian regimes used to deploy clientelism as the main strategy for maintaining its rules (Magaloni 2006). Even in democratic institutions, parties could systematically and continuously engage in clientelism to maintain long time ruling (Piattoni 2001, Kitschelt 2007). Those hegemonic parties, once defeated in elections, faced an important choice of where to go.... [tags: Politics, Clientelistic and Programmatic Citizen]
2303 words (6.6 pages)
- Politics and Poverty Today there is a split in American politics on how to combat poverty. Throughout history, how America combats poverty has changed depending on what party is running the government. There has been a number of different parties however, Republican, Democrat, The Bull Moose Party, and other various ones. However, these views can be put into two main categories: The Liberal ideology and the Conservative ideology. There are three areas, which have broad and differing views on how to combat poverty.... [tags: Essays on Politics]
1251 words (3.6 pages)
- Politics of Belize The political system of Belize is fairly new. Belize gained its independence from Britain on September 21, 1981, and the Constitution of Belize was born with this newly autonomous state. Since its independence, Belize has remained a commonwealth of the British Monarch and owes allegiance to the queen of England. Belize's government is modeled after the British Parliamentary system. Although the country of Belize has been independent from Britain since 1981, the Caribbean country maintains many of the British practices and procedures in its political, governmental and judicial systems.... [tags: Essays on Politics]
1127 words (3.2 pages)