Essay on Nano Medical Informatics

Essay on Nano Medical Informatics

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In last decades Nano technology attentioned as an applied technology. This technology is producing and controlling materials, tools and new systems in molecular-atomic size that created from combination of physics, chemistry and biology sciences. The new Nano size materials have new benefits and characteristics that did not had before. Nano technology have different kinds of operations, like: alimentary, drugs, Medical diagnosis, bio technology, electronics and computers, communication, transportation, energy, safety, health and environment, aero spacing and etc. unique features of every Nano martial like size, shape, bio compatibility, solubility are important factors in biological efficiency.
History
A) Medical development and Nano Medicine appearance
Nano Medical is applications of approaches, theories, devices and structures in Nano scale in order to identify, prevent or treat diseases through detection, repair damaged tissues in bio-molecular level. The main goal of Nano medicine is pathology and treatment facilities in molecular and tiny molecular scale. According to research of Majo et al, the main fields of Nano medicine applications that have informatics challenges include: drug delivery, implantable devices, diagnostics, prevention and therapeutics.
Nanoparticles can be used as carriers of drugs or certain organic molecules. Nano delivery is transfer of Nano scale objects into the body and to penetrate them into cells. The high cost of drug development with a range of three thousand to 11.5 million dollars is one of the obstacles in progress of this area. Many implantable devices in Nano scale, such as Nano-robots can be designed to monitor the diseases. For example, Nano scale devices can be attached to the patient and...


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...d quantification of tumors in the near-infrared region. 2009, Elsevier. p. 216-224.
22. Lanza, G.M., et al., Targeted antiproliferative drug delivery to vascular smooth muscle cells with a magnetic resonance imaging nanoparticle contrast agent implications for rational therapy of restenosis. 2002, Am Heart Assoc. p. 2842-2847.
23. Popovtzer, R., et al., Targeted gold nanoparticles enable molecular CT imaging of cancer. 2008, ACS Publications. p. 4593-4596.
24. Chaimovich, A. and M.S. Shell, Coarse-graining errors and numerical optimization using a relative entropy framework. p. 094112.
25. Xia, X.R., N.A. Monteiro-Riviere, and J.E. Riviere, An index for characterization of nanomaterials in biological systems, Nature Publishing Group. p. 671-675.
26. Shaw, S.Y., et al., Perturbational profiling of nanomaterial biologic activity. 2008, National Acad Sciences. p. 7387.

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