In Myanmar, originally know as Burma, the current overall HDI (Human Development Index) for this year is .483 (UNDP 2011). Out of the three factors of human development, Health stands as the highest factor in Myanmar, the lowest of the three being Income. For the past 30 years, Myanmar's HDI trend has been steadily rising between 1980 and 2010. Despite the slight drop in 1990, placing the country below the line of Low Human Development, the trend picks back up five years later. Finally, Myanmar's development ends up just barely over the Low Human Development line.
Although improving, Myanmar is still facing challenges that prevent an increase in the rate of its growth. According to the CIA fact book, Myanmar “suffers from pervasive government controls, inefficient economic policies, corruption, and rural poverty”(CIA 2010-11). Myanmar is a valued exporter of natural gas, making a little over eight and a half billion according to a 2010 estimate by the CIA fact book. However, Myanmar's public population lives in poverty as military, political, and business leaders exploit the resources and assets of the country. This is caused by inefficient economic policies and inability to handle finances. More developed countries have placed financial and economic sanctions on Myanmar as well as travel bans for military and civilian leaders and others connected to the Burmese government (CIA 2011).
Myanmar does seem to be a country that depends heavily on foreign trade, receiving grants of “technical assistance (mostly from Asia), limited humanitarian aid and debt relief from Japan and China, and concessional loans from China and India” (State 2011). Looking at the aid provided, it seems that Myanmar is more of a li...
... middle of paper ...
Millennium Development Goals: Myanmar. (n.d.). Index Mundi - Country Facts. Retrieved December 5, 2011, from http://www.indexmundi.com/burma/millennium-development-goals.html
Myanmar and Birth Spacing: An Overview. (n.d.). Searo. Retrieved December 5, 2011, from www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Family_Planning_Fact_Sheets_Myanmar.pdf
Myanmar Millenium Development Goals. (n.d.). Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development. Retrieved December 4, 2011, from www.mnped.gov.mm/MDG06.pdf
UNDP Myanmar. (n.d.). UNDP Myanmar. Retrieved December 6, 2011, from http://www.mm.undp.org/enviroment/UNDP_MMR_Enviroment.html
Xinhuanet. (2011, April 29). Myanmar-China border trade fair launched in Muse . English.Xinhuanet.com. Retrieved December 4, 2011, from http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-04/29/c_13851770.htm
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- State building and the implementation of policy is a central process to the legitimacy of government worldwide. These critical facets of government institutions have been thoroughly challenged throughout Myanmar’s history, a country with an awful human rights record. In this essay I will focus on the last decade in particular, where Myanmar’s state capacity and political institutions have been challenged immeasurably. This essay will focus on the implications that pose a challenge to Myanmar’s state capacity and development.... [tags: Burma]
1682 words (4.8 pages)
- ... By focusing on improving the education, health and skills of people, it enables people to participate in the economy because there is a more equitable distribution of income and assets, which results in a growth process as well as a share of benefits, particularly through employment. Basically, if a country has already built up considerable human capital then by choosing the correct policies and frameworks that allow the exploitation of these capabilities, room for progress is created. Income is influx, consumption that at the end of a period will leave an individual with the same amount goods as from the beginning of that particular period, with expectations of future goods.... [tags: society, economic, income, index]
1074 words (3.1 pages)
- Developed vs Developing Globalization has had a significant impact on the rate of development between the developed nations (The West) and developing nations (Global South). The Human Development report (2013) used the HDI index which primarily measures life expectancy, educational attainment and access to basic daily recourses to suggests a significant transformation of many developing nations. Suggesting if upwards trends within the HDI continue over the next 20 years the global south will grow into large global economies holding significant influence on human development.... [tags: Human Development Index, Economics, Economy]
801 words (2.3 pages)
- Intro In order to maintain a healthy and competent nation, the government needs to intervene on behalf of the pharmaceutical companies to enable patients to have simpler access to pharmaceuticals pertaining to weight loss. If the obesity rate continues to escalate, then more and more individuals within the workforce will dwindle in competence and the ability to perform tasks that are essential to maintaining an efficient nation. Additionally, the Human Development Index of a nation takes into account the health and well being of its inhabitants, which would be negatively affected if the obesity rate continues to rise.... [tags: Obesity, Weight loss, Hypertension, Cancer]
1523 words (4.4 pages)
- The Myanmar government had announced its elections results in December 2010. This saw another civil clash between the military junta and civil group which claimed the election result is not fair. The situation in Myanmar has immediate implications for the Southeast Asia region. The international community had criticized the ASEAN for failure to take the adequate steps to in stabilizing the situation in Myanmar. It also have leads to failure of the ASEAN WAY and non – interferences principle. Key Recommendations 1. opening civil society and a more discerning policy towards Myanmar could improve and opportunity in short term within Myanmar, Within ASEAN members and ASEAN.... [tags: Myanmar, Southeast Asia, ASEAN, UN]
1297 words (3.7 pages)
- For many years now the global community has been concerned with bridging the gap between the more developed countries and the less developed countries. To bridge the development gaps many different policies have been implemented in hopes of elevating the less developed countries to a higher level. Despite the best efforts of the global community, the policies that aim to promote development have not been completely successful. Among the problems found with this generic one-size fits all approach to development is the trend of treating development as gender-neutral is quite common.... [tags: Human Development Index, Developing country]
1299 words (3.7 pages)
- Myanmar, also referred to as Burma, is located in Southeast Asia encompassing a land mass comparable to the size of Texas, with an area of 676,578 square kilometers (“Burma”). The country borders two of the world’s superpowers, India and China, as well as a widespread border with Thailand. Laos and Bangladesh also share relatively small borders with Myanmar. The country’s location can be seen as highly strategic. The placement of Myanmar lies near major Indian Ocean shipping lanes, making trade an asset to the country.... [tags: Myanmar, geography, history, ]
1665 words (4.8 pages)
- Introduction The Human Development Index (HDI) was designed “as a frame of reference for both social and economic development” . With this index, as well as other cumulative indexes, there is a problem as to how well the index actually measures what it wants to measure; whether the data is accurately portraying the true reality of half of the population, or if it is only projecting the general consensus of a population skewed because the range of data is too big. An index that might more accurately portray half of the population of a country is the Gender Inequality Index (GII).... [tags: HDI vs GII]
4528 words (12.9 pages)
- For almost 50 years, from 1962 until 2011, Myanmar had a closed authoritarian regime with poor records of governance and socio-economic development (OECD, 2014). Myanmar 's history was also marred by ethnic conflicts, self-isolation, economic mismanagement and corruption for most of the past half-century. Then in 2011, Myanmar had declared the end of the military dictatorship as part of the Road Map to democracy and transformed itself into a civilian government embracing the democratic transitions (Soans and Abe, 2015).... [tags: Political corruption, Corruption, Reform movement]
886 words (2.5 pages)
- On Immigration and Mexico Most of what Americans hear about Mexico is about immigration. Mexicans are flocking into the US at a rate much higher than ever before and Americans are not sure what to do about it. Should America allow the immigrants to enter. Should it allow them to become American citizens. Should it build a giant wall to keep them out. While those are based on political opinions, a more answerable question is: why are so many people leaving Mexico to come to the US. The answer to this is that economy, education, healthcare, and many more necessary aspects of life in Mexico are not to the degree of America’s.... [tags: Demography, United States, Population]
1219 words (3.5 pages)