Multiple theories have been developed to offer insight on a student’s motivation and its impact on their performance. The effectiveness of these theories in various student life scenarios vary as seen from differing applications. Therefore, it is difficult to pinpoint one particular theory as being the most effective. Motivation theories can be divided into three distinct categories that include: needs, process and reward systems theories. The needs category of motivation theory is frequently employed more than the others although this is arguable. There are different theories contained in the needs category which may differ in application although they all share a distinct similarity. The Herzberg’s two factor theory is the selected theory for the needs category. The other motivation theories discussed are the goal setting theory and equity theory representing the process and rewards categories respectively. The applications of these theories will be tailored to my life as a student for better illustration and understanding of their concepts. As a part of this report, my educational institution will be referred to as my workplace within the context of given examples.
1. The Two Factor (Motivator-Hygiene) Theory
Frederick Herzberg sought to understand the issue of an employee’s satisfaction in the workplace. As a result, he conducted interviews with multiple individuals by asking them to describe instances when they felt good or bad about their jobs. From his findings, Herzberg was able to determine that people who felt good about their jobs gave different responses from those who felt otherwise (Dartey-Baah, 2011). The conclusion he drew is that job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction are not opposites...
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...correction manifests through practices such as increased absenteeism, low productivity and low work drive. These can also be described as products of reduced motivation,
This report provides an opportunity to understand and apply these motivation theories to my life as a student. Aligning these theories to my activities in the institution helps provide an interesting view on the concept of motivation and how I am affected and how I react to certain factors. There are more theories within the larger categories of needs, process and rewards systems but these selected are more in tune with my life as a student. At this point, I believe I have an excellent awareness of these motivation theories and these would assist me in leadership roles in future. This means I can make the right type of decisions to motivate myself and any team I am assigned to lead.
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