Inner judgements are critiques about a person’s particular behaviour and what they should or should not have done. Judgements include labels that outline a person’s behaviour or lifestyle. An example from Harman’s moral relative defence of moral relativism is that aliens are landing on earth, these aliens have no moral or emotional attachment to the human race and therefore view no issue in killing a person. Furthermore, If aliens do so they will be seen as enemies to humans, but in their eyes, they may not see what they are doing as anything wrong. The aliens have no moral judgement towards humans. The humans interpret the killing of their species as a moral issue. Finally, these are two different moral standpoints on the matter of killing and both are relative to the scenarios and preferences. Although humans will view an alien as “dreadful enemies to be repelled and even destroyed, not that they should not act as they do”. Another example that shows how people have different moral judgements are cannibals that kill people.
Cannibals are seen as savages, but humans are not concerned with the action of cannibalism because the action is expected and the judgement is the only article of concern. Another further example, a person that is born and raised by murderers that has been treated humanely and with love. In addition, the catch is that this person must protect the killer...
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... This makes me question where our moral judgements originate from, or could they just be figments of our imagination? The reason for this is simple, moral judgements are not physical objects and they do not have a mass. The only explanation that I think is reasonable comes from Steven Pinker’s “The Moral Instinct”. The explanation is that “Perhaps we are born with a rudimentary moral sense, and as soon as we build on it with moral reasoning, the nature of moral reality forces us to some conclusions but not others”(Pinker, 2008).
Moral relativism is a concept that states that a person’s moral judgements only go as far as the moral standpoints in a particular situation. Moral standpoints are the result of inner judgements, moral disagreements, and the absoluteness of science. Moral relativism is in fact based on solid concepts and can be defended in a proper manner.
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