Essay on The Modern Tragedy And Psycho

Essay on The Modern Tragedy And Psycho

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The Modern Tragedy and Psycho Analysis of Hamlet

William Shakespeare’s play Hamlet is a psycho drama written well before many of the psychological theories that are prevleanvat in the play are produced. The eerie setting at one of the world’s more darker corners, sets the mood for the play. And yet the setting only seems to get even more hair-raising as the character 's own dark thoughts and plots come into play. Denmark is morally bankrupted and even the characters in the play know it; “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark.” (Shakespeare 1.5.90). The main character, Hamlet, goes out to avenge his father’s death and in turn sets the country of Denmark back to normal. Contrary to published Goodread criticisms, Hamlet is feigning psychosis throughout his journey to conceal his true intent.

In Shakespeare’s rush to start the dark line of the tragedy, he nearly skips over Hamlet’s “ordinary world”, thus giving us very little of Joseph Campbell’s first stage of a hero’s journey. Hamlet’s “call to adventure” is when he comes face to face with his father’s ghost. He questions the validity of the call; “ O all you host of heaven! O earth! What else? And shall I couple hell? oh, fie! Hold, hold, my heart …” (Shakespeare 1.5.94-95). This is Hamlet questioning whether the ghost is truly the apparition of his late father asking for revenge or a evil spirit tempting him into an ill fate. The ghost provides the prime directive to avenge his own death. Since Hamlet has no “security” and never truly passes Maslow’s second tier in the “Hierarchy of Needs”, he turns to the ghost as his “mentor”. Before he fully enacts his plan of revenge he wants to protect his true love, Ophelia, from harm. This is Hamlet’s first feign of mental illnes...


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...uld not acknowledge the fact that he is dying just like Ophelia. Horatio tells the story of Hamlet thus setting the record straight and causing the world to go back to normal: “And let me speak to th’ yet unknowing world How these things came about,” (Shakespeare 5.2.381-382). Horatio’s story would not make sense and therefore there would not be a hero’s burial if Hamlet was indeed insane.

In conclusion, Hamlet was an example of many psychological theories before they were even developed. And contrary to popular belief Hamlet was not insane. Hamlet was acting in a way to protect himself and to keep his plan a secret. Although his plans succeeded and he was able to kill his uncle, he failed in his pursuit of happiness and also lost what he held most dear. With Shakespeare 's Hamlet concluding with the death of Hamlet, we can truly say that Hamlet was a tragic hero.

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