Medical Devices And Its Effects On Public Health Essay

Medical Devices And Its Effects On Public Health Essay

Length: 855 words (2.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

All engineering designs have inherent risks regardless of whether people directly interact with them or not. Risks represent possible negative occurrences that are associated with design operation. When the public’s health and safety is at risk, there often is disagreement over the appropriate approach to risk. The work of engineers in medical device development is designed to affect the health and wellbeing of the public. To ensure the effect on public health is positive, these engineers must approach risk in a way that is neither solely technocratic nor democratic.
Common Medical Device Risks
According to the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (2000), use-related hazards are the most common risk associated with medical devices (CDRH, 2000, p.7). In use-related hazards, it is not primarily the device that fails but the operation of it. Consider the danger of a device that returns reasonable but inaccurate results when used incorrectly. These erroneous results may mask severity and are not aberrant enough to cause doubt. The prevalence and insidiousness of this risk necessitate thorough risk mitigation.
The risk of premature device wear is particularly common in implantable device design. Racine (2013) notes in their journal article covering metal-on-metal total hip replacements that multiple design flaws caused accelerated metal corrosion (Racine, 2013, p. 16). The debris generated caused poorer device performance and damage to surrounding tissue. Reducing this risk is a priority as it results in substantial individual harm and monetary losses for the producer.
Complete device failure is not a common risk among current devices due to improvements in quality and regulation. Strict regulation has not fully ...

... middle of paper ... analysis be used. Engineers in this industry should endeavor to mitigate all risks they feasibly can. Although money may motivate feasibility, a marginal benefit approach should primarily be adopted when the design must be high risk.
The three risks discussed are not paradigmatic examples of risks requiring a completely technocratic or democratic approach. However, they do illustrate some of the organizational impediments to moral responsibility. Use-related risks are a good example of ignorance serving as an impediment to making a more ethical decision. Premature wear risks tend to be an example of a groupthink mindset where everyone agrees that limited data over an insufficient range is satisfactory. Finally, the proposed risk handling procedure endeavors to derail microscopic vision by reducing risk before considering the benefit or even cost.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Use Of Biologics And Medical Devices Should Be Strict

- The level of regulation governed by the FDA over drugs, biologics & medical devices is a widely debated topic. In my point of view, the level of regulation on drugs, biologics and medical devices should be strict. The current regulations governed by the FDA are very strict and should remain that way because the base of these regulations are underlined by various tragedies which we don’t want to be repeated. For instance, the thalidomide incident in which many children were born with phocomelia (shortening or absence of limbs)....   [tags: Clinical trial, Drug discovery, Orphan drug]

Strong Essays
706 words (2 pages)

Essay on The Horrific Truth Behind the Food and Drug Administration Fast Track

- Approval Process The Food and Drug Administration is a government agency responsible for the investigation, evaluation, allocation, and lastly the supervising of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, radiation equipment, and other health related products that the public relies on daily for health and medical necessity. Being the highly innovative and productive society that America is, it goes without saying that consumers are busier than ever and time is a very valuable asset to have in your pocket....   [tags: zohydro er, medical devices, public pressure]

Strong Essays
1214 words (3.5 pages)

Computer Technology And Its Effects On Our Future And Better And So Are The Devices

- Introduction The world is getting smarter and better and so are the devices. With the improved technology, we can check our mails on our watch; control our home temperature through our smartphone and more. The term Internet of Technology is referred to any object or device which connects to the Internet to automatically send and/or receive data [1]. The following are some IoT devices [1]:-  Security systems, such as security alarms, CCTV cameras or video monitors.  Automated devices which remotely or automatically adjust lighting or air conditioning  Thermostats  Wearables, such as fitness devices  Lighting modules which activate or deactivate lights  Smart appliances, such as smart...   [tags: IP address, Internet, Computer security]

Strong Essays
1047 words (3 pages)

Medical Records And The Healthcare Field Essay

- For over ten years the healthcare field has been calling for a new way to make the quality of healthcare for all Americans more efficient and safe. That is when the idea of EMR’s came about. Electric Medical Records are used to input and retrieve a patient’s medical record for healthcare providers. It includes people, data, rules, procedures and processing and storage devices. There is a debate whether the use of EMR’s are beneficial or not. There are many benefits of the EMR such as having a more complete and legible information; it also cuts down time spent on tracking physician’s orders over the phone....   [tags: Health care provider, Patient]

Strong Essays
2012 words (5.7 pages)

Essay on History of Chemistry: Improvement in Battery Technology

- ... Although Benjamin Franklin did not construct the battery, he was the first person to use the term “battery” to describe a set of capacitors he used for electricity experiments. It was Alessandro Volta who invented the first true battery in 1800. (3) The battery was called the Voltaic Pile and had pairs of copper and zinc disc on top of each other, separated by a layer of cloth or cardboard soaked in brine. The Voltaic Pile produced a continuous and stable current and did not lose much charge over time or when not being used....   [tags: devices, electrical, chemistry, battery]

Strong Essays
893 words (2.6 pages)

Bullying And The Public Education System Essay

- Bullying in schools is an ever growing enormity to children growing up in recent history. Bullying is most prominent in the public education system, primarily due to little, or lack thereof a system to deal with such a problem. Haley Ringle, a reporter from the Arizona Republic, proclaimed that until “ 2005 the Arizona School District 's anti-bullying policy wasn’t even established yet.” Stated from the same article “House Bill 2415, which passed in the spring, requires schools to provide forms for students, parents and district employees to report detailed descriptions of bullying and intimidation” (Ringle 10)....   [tags: Bullying, Abuse, Victim, Education]

Strong Essays
931 words (2.7 pages)

Obesity Public Health Problem Essay

- Public Health Problem Obesity in the US has become a critical Public Health issue that has raised concerns throughout the nation. An estimate 97 million adults and 12.5 million children in America are obese, causing more than 160,000 “excess” deaths a year (CDC). Obesity is defined as a medical condition where there persists a high excess of body fat, enough to cause serious health issues. Through a biological view, obesity is an energy balance problem. Extra energy is stored as body fat when the energy consumption surpasses the energy expenditure....   [tags: body fat, lifestyle, genetics]

Strong Essays
1639 words (4.7 pages)

Electronic Medical Records : Are They Effective, Safe, And User Friendly?

- Over the last several years, electronic medical records are becoming more prominent in health care facilities, replacing traditional written records. As many electronics are becoming more prevalent with the invention of numerous smartphones and tablet devices, it seems that making medical records available electronically would be appropriate for the evolving times. Even though they have been in use to some extent for many years, the “Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health section of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act has brought paperless documentation into the spotlight” (Eisenberg, 2010, p....   [tags: Health care, Health care provider, Patient]

Strong Essays
962 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on The Use Of Animal Testing For Public Consumption

- As humans, we are always trying to progress, whether it is up the social ladder, developing new technological and medical advancements, or creating a new product for a brand label. In order for this idea to be released to the population it must first be determined safe for public consumption. In order to do so, labs use animal testing to further understand how it reacts biologically. By using animal testing, scientists can focus on the products chemistry, effects of people, and its toxicology. In the 1950’s Sir Peter Medawar, a British immunologist, suggested to C.W....   [tags: Animal rights, Animal testing]

Strong Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Healthcare Information Technology: Effects On Cost Access And Quality

- It is not unreasonable for a patient to expect particular services from their healthcare providers. What services should be considered reasonable and which fall under the context of unreasonable. Should the specialist, your family physician referred you to, have access to your past medical history. What happens when you are traveling and have to make a trip to the emergency room, will your physician at home get all the information from that visit or will the ER physician have access to your medical history....   [tags: Information Technology Medical Position Paper]

Strong Essays
1986 words (5.7 pages)