Annotated Bibliography

analytical Essay
1529 words
1529 words

Source #1 Health for All: The Promise of the Affordable Health Care Act for Racially and Ethnically Diverse Populations The US government is struggling to implement the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), also known as Obamacare. The ACA has four challenges, first, inequality, reducing health discrepancies among racial and ethnic minorities is a major focus of the law. Second, and perhaps the greatest challenge in the US health care system is inefficiency. The tremendous costs of the US system have worsened gaps for racial and ethnic minorities by making it difficult to afford health insurance. Even the ones who were able to afford it were only able to afford lowered end treatment. Persistent expansion of health insurance for minorities will require significant improvements in the efficiency of healthcare. Third, the US system is heavily relied on reliance on expensive, high tech care. For example, minorities without health insurance have commonly not had access to preventive services because of the expensive equipment that is used. Fourth, continuing public puzzlement is a problem for the implementation and political upkeep for the law. The only thing most people know about the act is the individual mandate that everyone has to have “minimum essential” health coverage. There was a poll released by Kaiser Health Tracking that affirmed this how uneducated people are on the ACA. The poll was released in April 2013, which revealed that 4 in 10 Americans are still unaware that the ACA is the law and is being implemented. Those who are aware of the law only half of them understand how the law will affect their family. For the people who are uninsured there is even a greater lack of understanding, 58% among diverse minorit... ... middle of paper ... ...e ACA is to be most effective there has to be a better way for allowing consumers to distinguish which plan is best for their needs. Ignoring the impact of the choice in plans could be an costly mistake. Johnson, Eric J., Ran Hassin, Tom Baker, Allison T. Bajger, and Galen Treuer. "Can Consumers Make Affordable Care Affordable? The Value of Choice Architecture." Ed. Thomas Boraud. PLoS ONE E81521 8.12 (2013): 1-6. Print. Source #5 (Book) Nowak, Sarah, Christine Eibner, David M. Adamson, and Evan Saltzman. Effects of the Affordable Care Act on Consumer Health Care Spending and Risk of Catastrophic Health Costs. N.p.: RAND Corporation, 2013. Stable URL: Http:// Web. Source #6 (Book) Jacobs, Lawrence R., and Theda Skocpol. Health Care Reform and American Politics: What Everyone Needs to Know. New York: Oxford UP, 2010. Print.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the us government is struggling to implement the patient protection and affordable care act (aca), also known as obamacare.
  • Explains that racial and ethnic minorities have poorer health than whites, such as chronic diseases, life expectancy, and infant mortality.
  • States kimbroughmelton, robin j. "health for all: the promise of the affordable health care act for racially and ethnically diverse populations." american journal of orthopsychiatry.
  • Explains why most americans will continue to depend on their employer for health insurance even after obamacare is implanted in 2014. employers with low-wage workers would be less likely to provide health coverage.
  • Explains that employers will be penalized for not giving their employees health insurance, but they can raise salaries to pay for better health care and results with a win-win situation.
  • Concludes that massachusetts had health care reform similar to that of the aca and concluded that the employer-coverage would remain intact.
  • Analyzes blumberg, buettgens, feder, and holahan's "why employers will continue to provide health insurance: the impact of the affordable care act."
  • Argues that the affordable care act shows how the us needs to change its perspectives and approach towards minority populations and the issue of health care that comes with it.
  • Opines that the greatest effect of the aca on ethnic health gaps will come from the broad provisions intended at reducing economic hurdles to care.
  • Explains that the affordable care act requires that all insurance plans make sure one be covered for preventive care. the expansion of medicaid eligibility to all households below 133% of the federal poverty level is an unsolved issue.
  • Opines that the affordable care act is the first step to eliminate health disparities and represents the greatest advancement in us health care since medicare and medicaid were initiated in 1965.
  • Analyzes errickson, sadye paez, "what will health-care reform mean for minority health disparities?" public health reports.
  • Explains that americans are part of an experiment where they have to choose the best health care plan for them and the one that will hopefully drive down the price among competitors.
  • Explains that most people who make the decision on which plan to choose have never had health insurance and are uneducated.
  • Compares the results of the first experiment, where participants were asked to pick a plan for their family of three. economists think that people overweight deductibles and out of pocket costs and underweight premiums.
  • Opines that consumers need help choosing a plan; if they don't choose the most cost-efficient plan, there would be no pressure on competitors to lower prices.
  • Explains johnson, eric j., ran hassin, tom baker, allison t. bajger, and galen treuer, "can consumers make affordable care affordable? the value of choice architecture."
  • Explains the effects of the affordable care act on consumer health care spending and risk of catastrophic health costs.
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