Marxist And Functionalist Theory Of Education Essays

Marxist And Functionalist Theory Of Education Essays

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Marxist and Functionalist chapter

The argument as to whether education is holistic to society is a thesis developed by both Marxist and Functionalist thinkers; as to what extent education is patriarchal and class free is an open- ended debate, however. A consensus of education for Functionalist ideologies is to allow the educate to develop the necessary skills to allow themselves to become an independent, someone conformist member of society (Strawn, 2009), thus fostering the independence knowledge and adopt the thesis of accolade systems in contemporary society; in an area where the parent may not be sufficient enough education. (De Marrais; Le Compte, 1999) It can be firmly associated that the affiliation between educational attainment and social origin, namely parents, are of direct consequence to educational progress (Goldthorpe, 2014), this model is developed by the Functionalist ideology of Industrial and Post- Industrial societies (REVISE- Treiman 1970.) With higher education being more well accessible, the demand for higher educates with more accolades of distinction arise in a Functionalist society. This will, in turn, correspond with a higher demand for the expansion of the education system; one which can be argued to of been occurring in recent decades. The purpose of this rise can be characterised to create greater educational opportunity, (Goldthorpe, 2014) where social origin no longer dictates education attainment; the theory has the prospect of diminishing the association between social origin and the structure of the workplace, along with the relationship between social origin and conditioning of education to a society rife of progressive performance through educational achievement, allowing society to become i...


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...arxist and Neo- Marxist ideologies see education as an institution which serves the dominate as its core values, allowing the reproduction of wealth and socio-economic inequality, agreeing with Functionalist thinkers. ‘Marxists believe that the inequities of capitalism must be eliminated so the working class can gain ownership of business and earn socioeconomic equality’ (Strawn, 2009, pp. 36), they see the education system as having a curriculum based around capitalist values, similar to that of Functionalist, (see Merton) and underpins the elitist dominance of the economy which they argue exist in contemporary society. (Strawn, 2009) Critics of Marxism include the fact they their ideologies tend to solely focus on economic policies, disregarding educational policies, and the notion of limited resource of Marxist theory in regards to the individual. (Strawn, 2009)


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