Essay about Marx 's Theory Of Capitalism

Essay about Marx 's Theory Of Capitalism

Length: 1423 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Karl Marx, father of Marxism, was born May 5th, 1818 in Germany. He is the world’s most renowned philosopher, journalist, economist and sociologist. He has published many articles but the theory of capitalism is possibly one of the most provoking theories in all of sociology. Marx saw capitalism to be eventually followed by socialism during its long progressive historical stage. Marx’s theory of capitalism is underlined in his works, “Das Kapital”. Marx argues that the significant trait behind capitalism is the force it exerts over labor. In Marx’s view, the dynamic of capitalism will eventually lead to revolution by the working class.
Capitalism is simply a mode of production based on the private ownership of those who own the means of production. It’s separated by two classes, the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. Bourgeoisie being the 1% and Proletariat being the working class. They take one raw commodity; mix it with a different commodity to form a new good, which now they can sell for profit. Capitalists exploit workers to make as much profit as they can, and they do so by paying the bare minimum for basic survival.
Not only does capitalism exploit human labor, it also exploits on animals that we eat on a daily basis. Thousands of poultry based animals are caged in a small space with no space to roam freely. These animals are given antibiotics to stay healthy and cruel practices such as beak trimming is done to prevent the spread of diseases. These factory farms buy out small farmers through contracts and exploit the farmers to produce meat in the most inhumane way imaginable.
Capitalism has been criticized by many people during its pretty new history. Marx criticizes capitalism as a progressive historical stage that is bo...


... middle of paper ...


...ic of social class and capital would eventually drain the working class and thereby create a social setting for a revolution. Capitalism is that system that allows only a few individuals to have control and power, not only at the workplace, but society in general. Take for instance, only six companies own 90% of American media, most notably, GE, Disney, News-Corp, Viacom, Time Warner, and CBS (Lutz, 2012).
A system that allows more and more capital to be reinvested and shuffled into the pockets of the bourgeoisie and the wealthy is completely unacceptable. Capitalism is exploitative, dehumanizing and oppressive; it’s just intolerable when the 99% are basically surviving whereas the 1% keeps collecting more capital in expense of the 99%. Capitalism is the problem and just like Marx, over suppression will eventually lead to revolution and the overthrow of capitalism.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Karl Marx 's Theory Of Capitalism And Alienation Essay

- When you hear the name Karl Marx (1818-1883), it is tempting to wonder and question why you should be studying him, considering that he’s been dead for over a hundred years already. This German philosopher had become one of the most influential thinkers of the 20th century. Marx’s ideas all come together and holds that human societies develop through class struggles, a conflict between the ruling classes (known as the bourgeoisie) that dominates over the working class (known as the proletariat)....   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Socialism, Working class]

Strong Essays
1001 words (2.9 pages)

Comparing Polanyi And Marx 's Theory Of Capitalism Essay

- Polanyi and Marx were both broadly concerned with the historical development of capitalism, or the market economy, and how its negative effects could be overcome. Their respective conceptualizations of the elements constituting the capitalist market overlapped in certain areas, but the similarities between them are mostly superficial and obscure deeper disagreements regarding the forces behind the development and maintenance of market exchange as the primary form of economic activity. While Polanyi and Marx converged in arguing that the creation a labor market was a necessary step in the historical development of capitalism, I argue that their theories are otherwise in disagreement with one...   [tags: Capitalism, Market economy, Free market]

Strong Essays
1693 words (4.8 pages)

Karl Marx's Theory of Capitalism Essay

- Karl Marx's Theory of Capitalism Marxism like functionalism is concerned with the overall picture of society. Marxism is seen as a conflict theory, Mainly because they see the primary interests of society as a whole as being made up of conflicting groups with conflicting interests or beliefs. We are a very materialistic society. A society made up of those who have, and those who have not. Marxists sociologists say that there will never be true social harmony because there are too many inequalities within our cultural society....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
2228 words (6.4 pages)

Marx And Marx 's Theory Of Modern Capitalism Essay

- Although there have been a lot of differences to both the work of Weber and Marx, Marx 's theory is similar to Weber 's in that, while he does not dedicate himself to the historical circumstances which have led to capitalism he does, like Weber, attempt to Understand and come to terms how modern capitalism has arisen from the capitalism which Preceded it. Marx 's analysis of capitalism is extremely historical in nature. He debates the Alienated state of modern man via an historical materialistic analysis, Theorizing that, throughout history, “Marx describes, for instance, the polarization of proletariat, bourgeoisie, and petty bourgeoisie into two distinct groups of workers and capitalists...   [tags: Sociology, Max Weber, Social class, Marxism]

Strong Essays
1086 words (3.1 pages)

Marxism From The Works Of Karl Marx And Friedrich Engel Essay

- Marxism originated from the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engel (“Marxism”, 2008). Karl Marx affected the economic theory by influencing Marxian economics. The labor theory of value, which decreases profits while the concentration of wealth is increasing is a very important part of Marxian economics. Marxism helped introduce the theory of political economics. This theory analyzes the relationships between people and their classes. Political economy is described as people and the social relationships between them....   [tags: Karl Marx, Capitalism, Labor theory of value]

Strong Essays
970 words (2.8 pages)

A Time Of Change By Karl Marx Essay

- Alienation In a time of change, in a time of idealism, one man thought the world was too materialistic. One man thought the world was taking advantage of the average worker. That man was Karl Marx. He strongly argued against capitalism claiming it created a divide amongst people. He believed it was a system that stressed materialism, and the consumption of materials. He believed this system of placing great value on products, also created a system that devalued humans. In the following paragraphs I will discuss how Karl Marx views objectification of workers and how it becomes an alienation of the worker from the product of his work, the worker from himself, and finally I will discuss if the...   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Labor theory of value]

Strong Essays
1273 words (3.6 pages)

Analysis Of Adam Smith 's ' The Wealth Of Nations ' Essay

- The position that Adam Smith adopts in the Wealth of Nations is that the pursuit of self-interest for personal gain of the capitalist can be beneficial for the general welfare of society (Baumol 1976). In fact, Baumol (1976) argues that Smith repeatedly attacks the personal morality of the capitalists, arguing that the intentions of the individual should not be allowed to determine the economic fate of society, which is why it should be left to the mechanics of the free market (Baumol 1976). In other words, self-interest rather than the morality of the individuals as a motivator is in the best interest in society (Baumol 1976)....   [tags: Karl Marx, Capitalism, Labor theory of value]

Strong Essays
836 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Marx 's Theory Of Alienation

- According to Marx his theory of alienation is a result of the capitalist mode of production and the cruelty of money. In the world of capitalism, the realization of labour appears as a loss of reality for labour workers. The worker turns foreign to the world he lives in thus, alienation leading to social classes. Marx considers there are four different types of alienation: “Alienation of the worker from the product where the worker is alienated from the object they produce because it is owned by the capitalist; alienation of the worker from the process of production where the process of production is not determined by the producers or the consumers but the by the Capitalist class for profit;...   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Sociology, Capitalism]

Strong Essays
1419 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Marx 's Theory Of Public Property

- Marx’s argument is essentially that if the product of workers’ labour is alien to the worker, then it must belong elsewhere. For example, Marx stated that private property brings about restriction, and Marx critiqued the state and money, stating that it under minded community (Appelbaum, 1988). Private property is the product and the consequence of alienated labour, thus private property results from the concept of alienated labour (Suchting, 1983). Alienation adds to exploitation, in that the capitalist has a belief that they have a legitimate claim on the means of the production and the workers do not (Elster, 1995)....   [tags: Capitalism, Communism, Western world, Karl Marx]

Strong Essays
858 words (2.5 pages)

Alienation By Karl Marx 's Theory Of Alienation Essay example

- Though Karl Marx’s theory of alienation contains value in examining the modern worker, it does not apply to the remarkable few whom avoid estrangement and ultimately benefit from capitalist society. For example, pop icon Beyoncé Knowles is not alienated due to the immense power she obtained that allows her to express more than just labour. As she does not own the means of production, Beyoncé cannot be considered a bourgeoisie, yet she escapes the alienation afflicting the proletariat. Because of her unique circumstances, Beyoncé becomes unaffected by capitalism’s suppression of the species-essence....   [tags: Capitalism, Marxism, Karl Marx, Socialism]

Strong Essays
1539 words (4.4 pages)