There are 4 approaches to the field of clinical psychology; they are in psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems. In the field of clinical psychology, applying these four major approaches contributes to the efficiency in treatment by classifying the goals of each approach. In this paper, the approaches, goals, techniques, and the overall approaches used will be broken down and described.
The psychodynamic approach was founded by Sigmund Freud; the goal to this approach is to trail behavior to its source(s) unlike the systematic approach, self-awareness and understanding of the influence of the past on present behavior. Freudian, self-psychology, object relations, and ego psychology (Compas & Gotlib, 2002). Each one of the approaches have its own end game and for every end game, there must be a goal.
The psychodynamic approach goal is to create self-awareness and an in-depth understanding of the effect of past behavior on current behavioral traits. This approach facilitates the individuals’ perception of their outcome of unresolved, underlining issues. This approach is aimed at making the patient understand that some symptoms are the result of past dysfunctional relationships including involvement in the abuse of substances (Compas & Gotlib, 2002).
Techniques and Strategies
There are a few techniques used in the psychodynamic approach that include free association and transference. Free association is a tool that a patient relays whatever thoughts cross his or her mind during therapy (Compas & Gotlib, 2002). Free association is not preplanned and the outcome of the conversation is non-deterministic. Transference in...
... middle of paper ...
... the core of Counseling, Psychology Review, 24(3/4), 119-129. Retrieved from: http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com
Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved October 23, 2010, from: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/198111/existentialism
Kaslow, N., & Racusin, G. (1990). Family therapy or child therapy: An open or shut case.
Journal of Family Psychology, 3(3), 273-289. doi:10.1037/h0080545. Morton, G. (2002). The
educational therapy contribution to a family systems approach. Psychodynamic Practice,
8(3), 327-341. doi:10.1080/1353333021000018999. Plante, T. G. (2010).
Contemporary Clinical Psychology (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. Sundel,
M., & Sundel, S. S. (2005).
Behavior change in the human services: Behavioral and cognitive principles and applications
(5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Clinical Psychology Psychology is an extraordinarily diverse field with hundreds of career paths. Some specialties, like treating the mentally ill, are familiar to most. Others, like helping with the design of advanced computer systems or studying memory, are less well-known. What psychologists have in common is a shared interest in mind and behavior. In their work they draw on an ever-expanding body of scientific knowledge about how humans think, act, and feel, and apply the information to their special areas of expertise.... [tags: School Psychology]
1461 words (4.2 pages)
- Many people confuse clinical psychology with psychiatrist thinking that it is the same thing When, in reality it is not. Clinical Psychology is the study of the emotional, biological, psychological, social influences, and intellectual abilities (“Society of Clinical Psychology.”). They are trained to diagnose, treat, and study people who are mentally ill. A clinical psychologist usually does four to five years of graduate work, and one year internship under the supervision of a practicing psychologist (Wade, and Tavris pg.10).... [tags: assessment, mentally ill patients]
1017 words (2.9 pages)
- The five major theoretical perspectives in psychology are biological, learning, cognitive, psychodynamic, and sociocultural perspectives. Each one of these perspectives searches for answers about behavior through different techniques and through looking for answers to different kinds of questions. Due to the different approaches, each perspective form their own assumptions and explanations. Some perspectives are widely accepted while others struggle for acceptance. Biological perspective "The premise behind the biological perspective in psychology is that all actions, feelings, and thoughts are associated with bodily events." Biological psychologists examine how all of the electrical impuls... [tags: Psychology Perspective essays research papers]
1046 words (3 pages)
- ... One promising area of social cognitive development is achievement motivation. While research has been conducted on how human attributes can have consequences on motivation, cognition and behavior, little research has been used to understand how these beliefs and behaviors develop (Gunderson et. al., 2013). Children’s achievement in school depends a great deal on their motivation. The key to motivation in this area is the extent to which intelligence is viewed as static versus malleable (Dweck, 1999).... [tags: developmental and clinical psychology]
2394 words (6.8 pages)
- ... Clinical psychologist must be vigilant when assessing patients that fit into the new American family mold (Plante, 2011) Industrial–Organizational Psychology Industrial/Organizational psychology is derived from industrial psychology and organizational psychology. The industrial side of the field strives for efficiency within a company by taking on a managerial perspective to ensure that human resources are being utilized (Spector, 2012). The organizational side of the field strives to ensure that employee morale is where it needs to be and the employees are properly taken care of (Spector, 2012).... [tags: divisions within the field]
1076 words (3.1 pages)
- ‘ in 1970 a girl, a victim of abuse and neglect was brought into the light of Los Angeles, however she struggled to walk and could not talk as she suffered from prevented linguistic development, this child named the feral child, known as Genie.' Only the depths of psychology can even begin to explain why Genie was so feral, Bowlby’s theory explained how Genie suffered due to the lack of carer sensitivity that should have been given as a reaction to her social releasers during the critical period.... [tags: professional choices]
532 words (1.5 pages)
- Cognitive, Cognitive Behavioral and Reality Theories Cognitive Theory Cognitive theory is a learning approach in psychology that attempts to explain the behavior of humans by studying thoughts and reasoning process. The cognitive theory is founded on many other factors like cognitive reasoning and social cognitive theory. Aaron Beck founded the theory and it is meant to understand the human behavior by observing the processes triggered by reasoning and individual thoughts. The cognitive theory is a research based theory because it tends to investigate human behavior through making observations and thought analysis.... [tags: Psychology]
1300 words (3.7 pages)
- Introduction to Personality Personality has been part of debate amongst theorists for decades. Many theories have been developed about what human personality is and how it develops. Even after so many years of research and studies, no one definition has been agreed by all theorists. This paper will briefly talk about different aspects of personality and what influence in the development of personality. A person's personality is made up with his or her interests, attitude, behavioral patterns, social role, emotional responses and other traits that continue throughout a long period of time.... [tags: Psychology]
932 words (2.7 pages)
- Human Nature According to Psychoanalysis and the Humanistic Psychology As Carl Jung stated “ As far as we can discern, the sole purpose of human existence is to kindle a light of meaning in the darkness of mere being”. Reflecting on what it is to be a person raises profound questions which have been very much the concern of two major psychological perspectives: the psychoanalysis and the humanistic psychology.... [tags: Papers]
1003 words (2.9 pages)
- The era of discovery in psychology was a fast-paced and debatable one as some of the unlikeliest individuals entered into the realm of the new science. Some by accident because of their close work with other fields of science and others with the direct intent to create a new school of thought. During its inception and much of its history, deliberation over how psychology should be defined and what it should encompass filled most of the scholarly printings and closed-door discussions. As a result, in 1894 Lightner Witmer set out to define an applied psychology where help could be given to children with learning disabilities.... [tags: Psychology]
1673 words (4.8 pages)