According to the 2010 U.S. census the Latino community makes up 16% of the country’s population and grew 43% from 2000 (Humes, Jones & Ramirez, 2011). Within this large community there is great diversity both culturally and linguistically (Schreffler, 2007), from newly arrived immigrants to individuals whose families have been established in the region for generations.
Most bilingual education programs are targeted towards English language learners (ELL) with the purpose of acquiring a second language (L2). In the recent 15 years there has been an increase in dual language immersion (DLI) programs which is also known as two-way immersion (TWI), with an aim to provide bilingual education to monolingual Spanish and English students.
Due to the U.S. massive Latino population a third group has developed which oscillates between the monolingual Spanish and English student. The bilingual student or heritage language learner has been integrated into many DLI especially in the southwest part of the country (Howard, 2002).
Second language acquisition has also become a significant factor in the country because multilingualism is linked to “economic interchange, national security, and community development” (p. 586) in the current globalized world (Cummins, 2005a). Many heritage language students are enrolled in English as Second Language (ESL) program or mainstream education without linguistic support. These students live parallel linguistic and cultural lives divided between home and school which may create stress or inner conflict (Reyes and Vallone, 2007). Ironically, many heritage language students willingly enroll in foreign language classes in middle school, high school, and or college in order to further develop...
... middle of paper ...
...McHenry, Il: CAL,. 81-99.
Howard, Elizabeth (2004). The Alicia Chacon International school: Portrait of an exemplary
two-way immersion program. Nabe News, 19-22 & 42-43.
Marsh, C.J. (2009). Key concepts for understanding curriculum (4th ed.). New York, NY:
Reyes, S., & Vallone, T. (2007). PART I: ADVANCING THE CONVERSATION: Toward an
Expanded Understanding of Two-Way Bilingual Immersion Education: Constructing Identity through a Critical, Additive Bilingual/Bicultural Pedagogy. Multicultural Perspectives, 9(3), 3-11. doi:10.1080/15210960701443433
Valdés, G. (2005). Bilingualism, heritage language learners, ad SLA research: Opportunities lost
or seized? The Modern Language Journal, 89(3), 410-426.
Wang, S., & García, M.I. (2002). Heritage language learners. Report to: National Council of
State Supervisors of Foreign Languages.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Bilingual Education programs not only beneficial to an individual student, but to it’s entire society, preparing students for viable communication in an ever-globalizing world, accelerating students academically, and maturing future generations’ mental and social capabilities. Over 15 percent of the nation’s kindergarten through twelfth grade students are not proficient in the English language and speak a language other than English at home (Greene, 1998). This idea, the use of two languages in schools, by teachers, students, or both, for a variety of purposes educational or socially, is not exactly novel (Greene, 1998).... [tags: English language, Education, Bilingual education]
802 words (2.3 pages)
- As our nation shifts towards a more culturally diverse population both educators and families have to find a common ground to ensure that English Language Learners are academically successful. All stakeholders must carefully consider the social cultural impact on an ELL education. The process of raising bilingual learners take more than a language a school and a language learned at home. The transition must have a purpose and a goal. Collaborative Practices of English Language Learners and Schools Educating a student takes a massive amount of collaboration between schools, communities and families.... [tags: English Language Learners, ELL, ESL, Education, US]
963 words (2.8 pages)
- ilingual education is a broad term that refers to the presence of two languages in instructional settings. The term is, however, "a simple label for a complex phenomenon" (Cazden and Snow, p. 9) that depends upon many variables, including the native language of the students, the language of instruction, and the linguistic goal of the program, to determine which type of bilingual education is used. Students may be native speakers of the majority language or a minority language. The students' native language may or may not be used to teach content material.... [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition, Second language]
1715 words (4.9 pages)
- When visiting just about any school across America, students who attend come from all over the globe. This raises the question across America about bilingual education. This can create many challenges in and out of the classroom. The classroom should be a safe place for all students regardless of what native language they speak. In the essay Lost in translation written by Eva Hoffman, describes a foreign student who tries hard to fit in. Instead, Eva begins to feel angry, hurt and confused because people laugh at her.... [tags: Language ]
1698 words (4.9 pages)
- The cultural mix of America has long been diverse, however, the education system has always been trying to play catch-up in regards to how second language children should be taught. This is one cultural issue that impacts minority-language students throughout our nation. America was seen as a place where English was to be the dominant language and its use epitomized being a true American. This viewpoint eventually changed as the growth of diverse populations began to drastically change; no longer were minority languages isolated to small communities throughout the United States.... [tags: education, teaching, children, speakers]
3073 words (8.8 pages)
- The twentieth century was considered the century of migration (Iyer, 2011), and this trend is even more obvious in the 21st century. International students, as one of the major groups in the migration, are serving as cultural carriers and resources (Mestenhauser, 1983; Paige, 1990). According to Canadian Bureau for International Education (n.d.), there were over 290,000 international students in Canada in 2013. These students take their education seriously, and are eager to succeed in their courses and obtain degrees (Fox, Cheng, Berman, Song, & Myles, 2006).... [tags: English language, Language, Language proficiency]
1241 words (3.5 pages)
- Focusing on Education Beyond English In recent years, much attention has been drawn to the bilingual education debate. Immigration is booming, and along with it the number of non-English-speaking children entering public schools. According to Thomas and Collier, "Language-minority students are predicted to account for about 40 percent of the school-age population by the 2030’s" (5). Bilingual programs in many areas have sparked a heated controversy, with many people claiming that non-English-speaking children, most notably Hispanics, are being disadvantaged by programs that simply don’t work.... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Bilingual Essays]
1849 words (5.3 pages)
- Beyond English Development: Bilingual Approaches to Teaching Immigrant Students and English Language Learners What a feeling. Learning a new language gives individuals a new way of thinking and feeling. Learning a new kind of language involves having total commitment and total involvement from students and teachers. In the article, Beyond English Development: Bilingual Approaches to Teaching Immigrant Students and English Language Learners indicates there are various standard definitions that describe language (Billings, Martin-Beltran, and Hernandez, 2010).... [tags: Bilingual Education, foreign language, communicat]
956 words (2.7 pages)
- The United States has seen a dramatic increase in its non-native English speaking public education classrooms, especially from students born in Latin American countries. This population trend has been the encouragement for bilingual education reform throughout the decades. Bilingual education has been a long heated debate, especially in the political arena, that has focused on whether English language learners (ELL) should be taught primarily in English only, their home languages, or a combination of both.... [tags: bilingual education, english learners, ell]
1248 words (3.6 pages)
- The United States of America has long been considered the “melting pot” of cultures, ethnicities and even languages. For decades, the experience of immigration into America has influenced the linguistic assimilation into the English language, a prevailing characteristic of American society. The rapid growth of English assimilation and the clash with cultural identity extends to modern generations, especially in modern education. David Nieto’s history of bilingual education discusses the influence of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, having initiated the use of bilingual Education in America.... [tags: Education, Teacher, School, Bilingual education]
1112 words (3.2 pages)