A child who is bilingual uses two or more languages in their everyday life (Wiles, as cited by Smyth, 2003). Literacy acquisition is much more than being able to read and write, it is also about the skills that are gained that enable one to read and write. For example, a bilingual child whose home language is Polish is learning English, and therefore learning to read English. Through his literacy acquisition, the focus would not be on the language being learnt but on the reading and the cognitive skills required to do so (Bialystok, 2002).
Krashen (2000) maintains that educating children in their first language can aid their acquisition of their second language. When education programmes have the following three components they are successful in educating bilingual learners: subject matter teaching in the first language, literacy development in the first language, comprehensible input in English (Krashen, 2000).
Baker (2006) states that within the early development of bilingualism there are two types: ‘simultaneous’ and ‘sequential’. The differences between the two are the age which the child is introduced to the second language and the circumstances behind it. Simultaneous bilingualism is when a child learns two languages from birth, at the same time, e.g. a language from each parent. Sequential bilingualism is where a child learns one language in the home then learns a further (second) language at school, where their home language is not the spoken language.
Education Scotland, (Scottish Government) (n.d.) state that the learning environment in which a bilingual child is taught is very important in promoting literacy acquisition. It should promote their home culture and include resources and materials that they reco...
... middle of paper ...
...part 8). Somerville MA: Cascadilla Press.
Ma, J. (2008). 'Reading the word and the world' - how mind and culture are mediated through the use of dual-language storybooks. Education 3-13: International Journal of Primary, Elementary and Early Years Education, 36(3), 237-251.
Multilingual Resources for Children Project . (1995). Building bridges: Multilingual resources for children. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Scottish Government. (n.d.). Supporting the development of EAL in primary schools. Retrieved from Education Scotland: http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/supportinglearners/additionalsupportneeds/eal/primary.asp
Smyth, G. (2003). Helping Bilingual Pupils to Access the Curriculum. London: David Fulton Publishers.
Sneddon, R. (2008). Young bilingual children learning to read with dual language books. English Teaching: Practice and Critique, 7(2), 71-84.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The United States has seen a dramatic increase in its non-native English speaking public education classrooms, especially from students born in Latin American countries. This population trend has been the encouragement for bilingual education reform throughout the decades. Bilingual education has been a long heated debate, especially in the political arena, that has focused on whether English language learners (ELL) should be taught primarily in English only, their home languages, or a combination of both.... [tags: bilingual education, english learners, ell]
1248 words (3.6 pages)
- Annotated Bibliography Bigelow, M., Delmas, R., Hansen, K., & Tarone, E. (2006). Literacy and the processing of oral recasts in SLA. TESOL Quarterly, 40(4), 665-689. doi:10.2307/40264303 The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between a L2 learner’s ability to recall a recast and that learner’s literacy level. This study was a partial replication of a study conducted by Philips (2003) which used better educated, more literate participants than did this study. This study used eight Somali learners of English as an L2 whose ages ranged from 15 – 17; four had comparatively high level literacy scores and four had comparatively low level scores on a non-comprehensive Native Lang... [tags: Literacy, Reading, Language proficiency]
1056 words (3 pages)
- Exposure to language is very important during the first few years of life. For most hearing children, exposure to language starts at birth. Children who are born deaf may not have exposure right away. Because 90 percent of the Deaf children are born into hearing families with little knowledge of the Deaf world, many of these deaf children will not have early access to language. Although these children are unable to process an auditory mode of communication, used by most hearing people, they are able to process a visual mode of communication.... [tags: Sign language, Deaf culture]
1342 words (3.8 pages)
- Children acquire their native language, which fall within a wide range of languages, at a very early stage of development. During development, a child begins to show signs of verbal communication, usually starting out as cooing, babbling, recognizable words, and later two or more word sentences. This occurrence is also seen in the development of second languages. Second language acquisition is the study of how second languages are typically developed. The process of acquiring our native language is very similar and influential to the development of a second language.... [tags: Language]
1204 words (3.4 pages)
- “English Language Learners: A Policy Research Brief produced by National Council of Teachers in English.” The Council Chronicle. National Council of Teachers of Education, Mar. 2008. Web. 30 Nov. 2015. This policy brief produced by the National Council of Teachers of English gives a history and comprehensive overview of issues associated with ELL students and provides research-based recommendations for effective ELL instruction for teachers. The report states that the “foreign-born population of the U.S has tripled in the past 30 years and more than 14 million are expected to arrive between 2000 and 2010.... [tags: Education, Linguistics, School, English language]
790 words (2.3 pages)
- Topic: Brief Introduction on the Role of Interaction in Early Second Language Acquisition A. Introduction Various hypotheses have been made by scholars to study the second language acquisition (SLA) in order to benefit the understanding of the language learning process. According to Beller (2008), most hypotheses focus on the successive SLA, such as the behaviouristically oriented ‘contrastive hypothesis’, the nativist-oriented ‘identity hypothesis’, as well as the interlanguage hypothesis, while few of the studies have paid attention to the SLA of bilingual pre-school-aged children.... [tags: Language Learning Process]
1952 words (5.6 pages)
- ENHANCING VOCABULARY ACQUISITION THROUGH COMPUTER ASSISTED LANGUAGE LEARNING Introduction Vocabulary is an important segment to acquire language proficiency. There is a reciprocal relationship between Vocabulary knowledge and Reading Comprehension. Vocabulary acquisition is an important aspect of L2 which leads to academic achievements. This paper focuses on the possibilities to enhance the vocabulary acquisition and reading comprehension with the help of computer assisted language learning programmes.... [tags: language proficiency, reading ]
898 words (2.6 pages)
- My philosophy of education it is student centered. Teachers are facilitators contributing to optimize student’s potential. Educators should be equipped to serve, prepare, and help students to build a promising future full of opportunities. My vision as an educator is to optimize human potential. As an educator, I believe that students have the potential to learn, to apply in real life experiences what they have learned, and to serve equitably a diverse world. All students should have the access to an outstanding and excellent education where new challenges and higher expectations are embedded in the educational process.... [tags: Education, Language acquisition, Assessment]
1670 words (4.8 pages)
- Parents are now confronted to find innovative ways to further develop the vocabulary skills of their children. One of these strategies is to practice joint attention which is attested by many researchers play a critical role in early word learning (Akhtar and Gernsbacher, 2007). Baldwin (1995, as cited in Akhtar and Gernsbacher, 2007) defines joint attention as the moments an adult and a child are concentrated on the same thing and both share the focus of attention. Joint attention also refers to a “whole complex of putatively social cognitive behaviors” (Akhtar and Gernsbacher, 2007) that surface toward the end of the first year of life that includes social referencing, pointing and gaze fo... [tags: Language acquisition, Second language]
997 words (2.8 pages)
- Rationale and Strategy I originally grew up in a small town and wasn't exposed to different cultures like I am now in the city. I became fascinated with different languages and how amazing it is that children are capable of learning multiple languages at one time. To fulfill the requirements of a class here at State University, I spent two weeks assistant teaching at a bilingual elementary school. I greatly enjoyed this experience and returned home to become a nanny for a family near by my home that are raising their children to be bilingual with the help of the mother who is fluent in Spanish as well as English.... [tags: Literacy Investigation]
3745 words (10.7 pages)