Learning Theory of Instructional Design Essay

Learning Theory of Instructional Design Essay

Length: 959 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Learning Theory of Instructional Design
The instructions created by teachers and trainers in different educational and training institutes as well as in training programs of different organizations, which include the “instructional experiences which helps in making the learning a better experience by enabling and making the process of acquisition of related and relevant knowledge and skill more efficient, appealing in nature, and effective for the learner; is known as “Instructional Design”.
There are various theories under “Instructional Design” such as Learning Theory, Pedagogical Theory, and Instructional Theory.
The link between learning theory and educational practice was proposed and envisioned by John Dewey (1910). But, it was Edward Thorndike (1913) who explored the different associated principals of learning theory, which the teachers can use and directly apply to design their teaching material. There are two theories namely, “Elaboration Theory” and “Linking Theory” which builds a bridge for the transition between instructional design process, learning theory, instructional design methodology, and instructional theory.
I have selected “Elaboration Theory” to describe how it can be applied to design of educational material.
Elaboration Theory (Reigeluth and Stein, 1993) is the learning theory of instructional design, which is aimed at teachers and trainers to focus on “how to teach” rather than concentrating their focus on “how and why people learn different things.” The major concern of the elaboration theory is the organization of the educational material and the structure, which is provided to it by the instructor (teachers mostly). Here the focus is being shifted to organization and structure rather than the materi...

... middle of paper ...

The problems, which can occur while using an invalid learning theory during the designing of the instructional material, are as follows:
• The instructions can get jumbled and incoherent for the learners. The incoherency can lower the motivation of the students along with their learning experience.
• The instructional materials when not organized and structured according to the learning theory of instructional design; the teacher may miss some points here and there and thus the learning and teaching process remains incomplete and the process of acquiring knowledge becomes low in efficacy.
• The general relationship between different parts of a specific instructional material cannot be established and taught to the learner effectively and thus the whole process of teaching fails; if the invalid learning theory is used while designing the instruction materials.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Description of the Instructional Design Theory on Education Essay

- A definition of instructional design theory is a theory that offers guidance and direction in the field of education to better help people learn and develop (Reigeluth, 1983, p. 5). The kinds of learning and development may vary and include cognitive, emotional, spiritual, physical, and social foundations. The learner may receive this knowledge in any number of methods including face-to-face teacher-lead learning, facilitated online student-focused learning, and any number of hybrid or mixed formats....   [tags: Educational theory, teaching, teacher]

Better Essays
2172 words (6.2 pages)

Theoretical Foundations Of Instructional Design Essay

- Theoretical Foundations of Instructional Design Before implementing the instructional design model to develop, design and introduce an aviation e-learning course of instruction, it is essential that the theoretical foundations of instructional design are considered and applied as/where they pertain within the design process. Learning Theories “A learning theory is simply a theory about how people learn” (Rothwell & Kazanas, 2008, p. 427) that provides for the reliable prediction, selection and integration of “...verified instructional strategies, tactics, and techniques...within the instructional context” (Ertmer & Newby, 1993/2013, pp....   [tags: Educational psychology, Learning, Intelligence]

Better Essays
1368 words (3.9 pages)

Theoretical Foundations Of Instructional Design Essay

- Theoretical Foundations of Instructional Design Learning Theories “A learning theory is simply a theory about how people learn” (Rothwell & Kazanas, 2008, p. 427) that provides for the reliable prediction, selection and integration of “...verified instructional strategies, tactics, and techniques...within the instructional context” (Ertmer & Newby, 1993/2013, p. 51/44). While numerous learning theories exist, and are debated, the consensus is that there are three primary theories: behaviorism, cognivitism and constructivism; each of which can be applied to aviation education....   [tags: Educational psychology, Learning, Psychology]

Better Essays
1327 words (3.8 pages)

Exploration of Instructional Designs Essay

- In this Exploration of Instructional Designs, I will define and provide examples of each type of design. The district that I will use to provide abstract information as evidence of the use of instructional Design is Charter School for Applied Technologies. This school is located at 2303 Kenmore Ave in the city of Buffalo, New York. The mission statement and vision of this School District is as follows: Mission Statement: The mission of The Charter School for Applied Technologies ("CSAT") is to provide an excellent academic education with skill sets relevant to careers in applied technologies....   [tags: Design]

Better Essays
1424 words (4.1 pages)

SUCCEED: An Instructional Design Model Essay

- Every year, education majors across the U.S. face a barrage of learning theories and models in their education courses. Professors waste no time in introducing them to Pavlov and his dogs, Bloom’s Taxonomy, Maslow’s Hierarchy, Piaget, Skinner, Gagne, Bruner and more (Marsh, McFadden, and Price, n.d.). From the work of these great men come such learning theories as behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism, three paradigms that have shaped our current educational system. The next generation of teachers creates countless practice lesson plans based around these theories....   [tags: informative, education]

Better Essays
3367 words (9.6 pages)

Instructional Desigen and Technology for Learning Essay

- In this life, humans have been trying and working hard to get developed to reach the highest level of living and make life easier. This hard work of people could not have been done without learning. Through learning everything would be easier even if things need more effort. Now, technology has played an important role in making learning easier for many fields in life. In fact, most of the time humans spend is for learning. It could be said that we are created to learn. The study of instructional design built to help people learn in a more comfortable way....   [tags: learning, roles, business, proficiency]

Better Essays
1518 words (4.3 pages)

The Systematic Design Processes and the Instructional Design Essay

- The systematic design process is a design process that solves a problem by not only observing the problem but also observing the natural environment of the problem and other systems that the problem interlinks. This article seeks to explore and explain how three different books, The Mechanical Design Process by David G Ullman, Engineering Design: A systematic Approach by Pahl G, Beitz W, and Engineering Design: a Project Based Introduction by Clive Dym and Patrick Little; explain the systematic design processes and the instructional design....   [tags: learning, training, tools]

Better Essays
1078 words (3.1 pages)

Robert Gagné's Instructional Design Approach Essay

- Robert Gagné's Instructional Design Approach Introduction When Robert Gagné initially published his influential book, The Conditions of Learning (Gagné, 1965), his instructional design theories were heavily rooted in the behaviorist psychology paradigm. However, in later editions of The Conditions of Learning (Gagné, 1970, 1977, 1985), Gagné's theories evolved to incorporate cognitivist psychology theories, specifically the information-processing model of cognition. According to Gagné, "This model posits a number of internal processes that are subject to the influence of a variety of external events....   [tags: Psychology Psychological Papers]

Free Essays
1694 words (4.8 pages)

Essay about Concept Of Universal Design For Learning

- ... However, as an Art teacher who borrowed scissors from the first grade class, I was able to assist every child in a cutting project, except for the student that was left-handed. My inability to help her was not a reflection of deficiency on her part. If anything, it made me feel inadequate for not having the skill to assist her like the other children. I was able to shift the burden of responsibility from the student to myself. If every educator could step back and assess children who don’t fit the “norm”, we should ask, “Does that child not perform because he/she is unable to do so....   [tags: Education, Learning, Student, Memory]

Better Essays
1083 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Constructivism and Instructional Design

- Constructivism and Instructional Design Constructivism is currently enjoying popularity as a "new theory" in education. In reality, the theory traces its roots through Piaget and Dewey to Kant. Constructivists align their beliefs with Kant’s writings on the interaction of the innate mind structures with the world. The individual can never know the "world-in-itself," only the world as it is constructed in the individual’s experience. Piaget traced his constructivist roots to Kant but Piaget sought to identify the structures of the mind behind the cognitive behaviors characteristic of each stage of human development....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

Better Essays
2201 words (6.3 pages)