1. According to Kant, why would it be wrong for someone to voluntarily be homeless? According to Kant, it be wrong for someone to voluntarily be homeless because Kant believes that we have a moral duty to develop our talents. Moreover, living homelessly on the streets is an irrational decision; thus, makes it a categorical imperative choice.
2. What was Baumgarten 's view of duties? According to Baumgarten, the laws of nature mandate a specific set of suites to God, self and others. For instance, to practice prayer, benevolence and self-development.
3. What is the fundamental law of nature for Wolff? For Wolff, the fundamental law of nature follows this rule of working to make ourselves and other more perfect: “do what makes you and your condition, or that of others, more perfect; omit what makes it less perfect” (Feiser pg. 175).
4. What is Kant 's view about authoritarian moral commands? According to Kant, morality cannot arise from authoritarian commands but rather from the authority of human reason.
5. What are the two classes of motives that influence our will? And, For Kant, what is the only legitimate motive in moral decision making? According to Kant, the two classes of motives that influence our will include selfish inclinations and rational obligations. What is more, for Kant, the motives behind true moral decision making are those of rational duty conforming to the categorical imperative.
6. What is the step-by-step procedure indicated by the categorical imperative? the step-by-step procedure indicated by the categorical imperative is as follows (1) complete an action, (2) observe the maxim or guiding principle behind the action, (3) reflect on what that maxim would be like if it were a universal rule that e...
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... how does the notion of a "maxim" rescue Kant from Anscombe 's charge? According to Fieser the notion of a "maxim" rescues Kant from Anscombe 's charge by determining the relationship between maxim and intentions; specifically, the underlying intention behind the action of that maxim.
15. According to Fieser, what two modifications did Kant make to his examples regarding the formula of the law of nature? And, when we modify Kant 's examples, what does the formula of the law of nature tell us?
The two modifications Kant made to his examples regarding the formula of the law of nature were to expose the contradictions as external rather than internal and universalization. What is more, once we modify Kant 's examples of being charitable or committing suicide, the formula of the law of nature tell us that an action is wrong if it violates a duty or moral obligation.
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