John Stuart Mill Essay

John Stuart Mill Essay

Length: 868 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) completely changed definition of nineteenth century British views and political discussion. Mill argues for essential experimentation in logic and mathematics implying the primary principles of logic and mathematics are observations instead than know as a priori. Mill's principle of utility is that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness” (Mills, J., 1852), this was Mill's focus on ethical philosophy. Utilitarianism suggest an applicant for a prime criterion of morality, a criterion that contributes one with proof differentiating right and wrong. The utilitarian applicant is the criterion of utility, which states that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain and the privation of pleasure.” (IEP, 2014)
Mill and Bentham's theories are different, although Mill discovered the school of Utilitarianism by using Bentham's criteria. Bentham will not acknowledge any differences in disposition however, Mill restricted human dispositions by value of qualitative differences calling some imperial and other ones base. Mill believed that intellectual dispositions were way more exceptional than physiological dispositions. Mill made qualitative characteristics in many pleasures. Bentham believed that all pleasures were comparable. For example, if the quantity of pleasures are alike than there would be no difference between writing poetry and sewing. “It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied, better to be a Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied.”...


... middle of paper ...


...makes genuine attempts to look beyond altercation into continued and a caring reasoning. That reasoning composed demanding answers to issues that still remain. One may not agree with all his answers, however, Mill serves as a exemplary for contemplating about human issues in a honest and educated way.


Works Cited

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2014), A Peer Reviewed Academic Resource. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/milljs/ on February 15th, 2014.
Mill, J.S. (1852). A Peer Reviewed Academic Resource, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/milljs/ on February 15th, 2014.
Mill, J.S., (1861). What is the Differences Between Mill and Bentham?. Retrieved from http://www.publishyourarticles.net/knowledge-hub/philosophy/what-is-the-difference-between-the-theories-of-mill-and-bentham.html on February 15th, 2014.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Utilitarianism By John Stuart Mill

- ... Because man has the intellectual capacity for reason, he should aspire for something more. Mill argues that is exactly what man does. He does not merely attempt to seek momentary pleasure, but in utilitarianism, has the option to choose that which provides him with the most pleasure.  According to Mill, “Of two pleasures, if there be one to which all or almost all who have experience of both give a decided preference, irrespective of any feeling of moral obligation to prefer it, that is the more desirable pleasure” (Mill 8)....   [tags: Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill, Pleasure]

Better Essays
978 words (2.8 pages)

Utilitarianism, By John Stuart Mill Essay

- ... Such outcome that is entailed by utilitarianism claim can be viewed as extremely dangerous to the idea of justice, as in an example given by H. J. McCloskey, of framing a Negro for a rape to prevent serious anti-Negro riots, which would probably lead to loss of life and increase hatred of each other by whites and Negroes, for the greatest amount of happiness. What can be derived from this instance is what utilitarianism claim can possibly call to do, seeing that the consequence of greatest happiness is the only standard of right and wrong....   [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, John Stuart Mill]

Better Essays
1289 words (3.7 pages)

Utilitarianism By John Stuart Mill Essay example

- Danielle Coker Professor John Lachs Phil 105 January 21, 2015 Utilitarianism “Utility” or the “greatest happiness principle holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure." (Mill 7) John Stuart Mills uses these words to describe what he believes the essence of utilitarianism to be. In his 1868 Speech on Capital Punishment entitled Utilitarianism, Mills defines and defends the theory of utilitarianism and its use in Ethics....   [tags: Utilitarianism, Human, John Stuart Mill, Pleasure]

Better Essays
1158 words (3.3 pages)

John Stuart Mill On Utilitarianism Essay

- When it comes to medical issues involving the end of life, some may question whether or not it makes a difference if a person’s life is ended by an act of active killing, or whether it is simply allowed to expire. Most human beings live their lives from a moral standpoint and would be opposed to the act of one being killed on purpose because it would mean murder. From a utilitarian’s point of view on this question, the answer would depend on the largest benefit of the two. A human being should be free to choose what he pleases in regards to his own life, however, there is a conflict of moral belief that objects to this freedom....   [tags: Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Bentham]

Better Essays
813 words (2.3 pages)

Utilitarianism By John Stuart Mill Essay

- Utilitarianism Many people agree on the fact that society needs to act with a sense of morality. However, there are differing opinions on how to go about this. One popular idea is that a person should always consider the greater good of society in order to be moral. This moral principle is known as utilitarianism. The end result of this theory is happiness for all, which appeals to many people, since happiness is typically a goal everyone can agree to strive towards. The following examines the approach of utilitarianism from the perspective of John Stuart Mils, as well as looks its strengths and weakness’s through a thought argument, to demonstrate how this is played out in society....   [tags: Utilitarianism, Morality, John Stuart Mill]

Better Essays
1005 words (2.9 pages)

John Stuart Mill 's Pleasures Essay examples

- ... Furthermore, most intellectuals who work in the field of philosophy show a decided preference to studying this novel when juxtaposed with receiving a back massage. Therefore, the pleasure of reading The Brothers Karamazov must be of superior quality than that of receiving a back massage. I contend that Mill’s determination of the quality of pleasures can also interpreted through ephemerality and permanence, inasmuch as intellectual pleasures tend to provide a more enduring pleasure when compared to base pleasures....   [tags: Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill, Hedonism]

Better Essays
1068 words (3.1 pages)

John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism Essay

- John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism Utilitarianism defined, is the contention that a man should judge everything based on the ability to promote the greatest individual happiness. In other words Utilitarianism states that good is what brings the most happiness to the most people. John Stuart Mill based his utilitarian principle on the decisions that we make. He says the decisions should always benefit the most people as much as possible no matter what the consequences might be. Mill says that we should weigh the outcomes and make our decisions based on the outcome that benefits the majority of the people....   [tags: Philosophy Morality John Stuart Mill ]

Better Essays
1321 words (3.8 pages)

John Stuart Mill's Essay On Liberty

- John Stuart Mill's Essay On Liberty The main theme of on liberty was the individual. Everything else, society, education,government and so forth had their basis in the individuals rights to his own liberty. No one, no member of society, government, even God, if he appeared before an individual, could inforce his will upon him. That is not to say that you couldnt change someones mind through discussions, but instead, that no one had a right to force his views upon another. Your happiness is yours(individual) to enjoy without any infringements....   [tags: John Stuart Mill On Liberty]

Better Essays
789 words (2.3 pages)

John Stuart Mill's Philosophy of Happiness Essay

- John Stuart Mill's Philosophy of Happiness Along with other noted philosophers, John Stuart Mill developed the nineteenth century philosophy known as Utilitarianism - the contention that man should judge everything in life based upon its ability to promote the greatest individual happiness. While Bentham, in particular, is acknowledged as the philosophy’s founder, it was Mill who justified the axiom through reason. He maintained that because human beings are endowed with the ability for conscious thought, they are not merely satisfied with physical pleasures; humans strive to achieve pleasures of the mind as well....   [tags: John Stuart Mill Philosophical Essays]

Better Essays
1114 words (3.2 pages)

John Stuart Mill’s Education Essays

- John Stuart Mill’s Education John Stuart Mill’s education was intense at all times, but at different stages in his life he learned different things and in different ways. Though his education was unique by all accounts, it embodied many virtues that modern educational systems strive to include. These include: close parent involvement and one-on-one work between students and teachers; exposure to intellectual role models; emphasis on independent thought, logic, and pursuing curiosities; being held to high standards for achievement; being free from invidious comparisons to peers; and learning the value of seeking out peers for intellectual support and stimulation....   [tags: John Stuart Mill Education Essays]

Better Essays
1779 words (5.1 pages)