International Politics: Humanitarian Intervention Essay

International Politics: Humanitarian Intervention Essay

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Humanitarian interventions have been an argument in the conjecture of international law and international politics. There is not an exact definition of humanitarian intervention and it is still a continuing debate about to which extend it is legal and necessary to make a humanitarian intervention especially since North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)’s ‘semi-illegal’ intervention on Kosovo in 1999, without the permission of United Nations Security Council. What the debate is that if humanitarian interventions are sincerely ‘humanitarian’ or if there are other reasons behind them. The reason of this skepticism is that the different attitudes of international organizations’ and USA’s in different situations such as Kosovo, Rwanda, Somalia and so on. The main idea of opposition side of humanitarian intervention is that it might be a justification of hegemonic countries’ acts upon those countries to gain or keep their benefits on from them. By using this idea as a base, this essay will explain that how hegemony uses humanitarian interventions according to their interest and why the critical theory is the most appropriate theory to explain this issue.
Critical theory has its roots in the Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937)’s work ‘Prison Notebooks’ which was published at 1971. Antonio Gramsci took Marxism as a base for his works but the main differences between Marx and Gramsci is that Gramsci believes it is difficult to promote a revolution because there is flaw in Marxism which is concept of hegemony (Baylis et all, 2008, p. 150). Hegemony was a term used by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin to indicate political leadership of working class in the revolution. But Gramsci developed and expand this word as an analysis of how ruling capitalist class e...


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...mies of Antonio Gramsci. New Left Review.
2. Baylis, J., Smith, S. and Owens, P. eds. 2008. The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.
3. Bush, George W., The Struggle for Democracy in Iraq: Speech to the World Affairs Council of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, December 12, 2005
4. Cox, R.(1981), ‘Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory’, Millennium Journal of International Studies, 10(2): 126-55
5. Perle, R., ‘Thank God for the Death of the UN’, Guardian, 21 March 2003
6. S/PV.3060 (1992) 41 (Austria)
7. S/PV.3060 (1992) 43-44 (China), 52 (Ecuador)
8. Unnamed Bush administration official, quoted in Bob Herbert, ‘Bush’s Blinkers’, New York Times, 22 October 2004
9. Younge, Gary, ‘In a Warped Reality’, Guardian (London), 21 March 2005

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