Essay on Integrated Education Northern Ireland

Essay on Integrated Education Northern Ireland

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The two Governments recognise the birthright of all the people of Northern Ireland to identify themselves and be accepted as Irish or British, or both, as they may so choose, and accordingly confirm that their right to hold both British and Irish citizenship is accepted by both Governments and would not be affected by any future change in the status of Northern Ireland. (The Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement, 10 April 1998, Article (vi))
I am going to analyze Sean Byrne’s research study on the effects of the historical identity of two groups of Protestant schoolchildren in Northern Ireland (Byrne, 2000, p. 92). One group attended an integrated school while the other attended a nonintegrated school. Byrne’s goal was to determine if those schoolchildren in integrated schools…approached his study using interpersonal identity theory, intergroup identity theory, and structural changes. I will examine the limitations and gaps in his study, and determine that his theories … I am going to apply … theories to Byrne’s study and examine the limitations and gaps. I will apply theory to further peacebuilding.
I will review particular historical details so as to give context to Byrne’s study and my analysis: (1) the history of the conflict between the Protestant Unionists and Catholic Nationalists, (2) the history of Protestant mistrust and identification with Great Britain, and (3) the history of segregated education in Northern Ireland.
History of Conflict Between the Unionists and Nationalists
Northern Ireland has remained in a state of conflict for much of the past century ("A brief history," n.d.). Those unacquainted with the struggle might assume the cause is mainly about religious distinctions since the two sides are almos...


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...conciliation. Journal of Peace Education, 1(2), 147-163. doi: 10.1080/1740020042000253712
**Northern Ireland Office, (1998). The Belfast agreement: an agreement reached at the multi-party talks on Northern Ireland (Cm 3883). Retrieved from http://www.dfa.ie/uploads/documents/Anglo-Irish/agreement.pdf
Pruitt, D. G., & Kim, S. H. (2004). Social conflict: Escalation, stalemate, and settlement. (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Smith, A. (2003). Citizenship education in Northern Ireland: Beyond national identity? Cambridge Journal of Education, 33(1), 15-32. doi: 10.1080/0305764032000064631.
**Smith, A. (2010). Religious segregation and the emergence of integrated schools in Northern Ireland. Oxford Review of Education, 27(4), 559-575. doi: 10.1080/03054980120086248
**The troubles. (n.d.). BBC. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/troubles

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