Essay on Integrated Education Northern Ireland

Essay on Integrated Education Northern Ireland

Length: 864 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The two Governments recognise the birthright of all the people of Northern Ireland to identify themselves and be accepted as Irish or British, or both, as they may so choose, and accordingly confirm that their right to hold both British and Irish citizenship is accepted by both Governments and would not be affected by any future change in the status of Northern Ireland. (The Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement, 10 April 1998, Article (vi))
I am going to analyze Sean Byrne’s research study on the effects of the historical identity of two groups of Protestant schoolchildren in Northern Ireland (Byrne, 2000, p. 92). One group attended an integrated school while the other attended a nonintegrated school. Byrne’s goal was to determine if those schoolchildren in integrated schools…approached his study using interpersonal identity theory, intergroup identity theory, and structural changes. I will examine the limitations and gaps in his study, and determine that his theories … I am going to apply … theories to Byrne’s study and examine the limitations and gaps. I will apply theory to further peacebuilding.
I will review particular historical details so as to give context to Byrne’s study and my analysis: (1) the history of the conflict between the Protestant Unionists and Catholic Nationalists, (2) the history of Protestant mistrust and identification with Great Britain, and (3) the history of segregated education in Northern Ireland.
History of Conflict Between the Unionists and Nationalists
Northern Ireland has remained in a state of conflict for much of the past century ("A brief history," n.d.). Those unacquainted with the struggle might assume the cause is mainly about religious distinctions since the two sides are almos...

... middle of paper ...

...conciliation. Journal of Peace Education, 1(2), 147-163. doi: 10.1080/1740020042000253712
**Northern Ireland Office, (1998). The Belfast agreement: an agreement reached at the multi-party talks on Northern Ireland (Cm 3883). Retrieved from
Pruitt, D. G., & Kim, S. H. (2004). Social conflict: Escalation, stalemate, and settlement. (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Smith, A. (2003). Citizenship education in Northern Ireland: Beyond national identity? Cambridge Journal of Education, 33(1), 15-32. doi: 10.1080/0305764032000064631.
**Smith, A. (2010). Religious segregation and the emergence of integrated schools in Northern Ireland. Oxford Review of Education, 27(4), 559-575. doi: 10.1080/03054980120086248
**The troubles. (n.d.). BBC. Retrieved from

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Conflict in Northern Ireland Essay

- Conflict in Northern Ireland The purpose of Byrne’s (2000) research was to determine if children’s sociopolitical behaviors and identity changed when attending an integrated school. Byrne narrowly defined his research and chose a small group to evaluate. He framed his research using social identity theory (Pruitt & Kim, 2004). Albeit this theory was a sound basis for the study, the narrow manner in which he used it limited Byrne’s ability to prove his thesis. I will delve deeply into the Northern Ireland conflict to apply theories for further peacebuilding, in an effort to examine Sean Byrne’s study on the effects of historical identity in two groups of Protestant schoolchildren living in N...   [tags: Sean Byrne, integrated education, social identity]

Better Essays
3258 words (9.3 pages)

Essay on The Bitter Conflict in Northern Ireland

- The Bitter Conflict in Northern Ireland Out of all the conflicts that have occurred in Western Europe since the Second World War, Northern Ireland has been one of the most bitter, long lasting and intractable. This conflict is based in the struggle of one side of the community for a unified independent Ireland and the opposition of the other part of the community to this aim and their desire for Northern Ireland to remain a part of the United Kingdom. Due to the hostility between these two sides issues of discrimination in areas such as housing, employment, electoral manipulations and religious histories have been rife....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
867 words (2.5 pages)

Rhandstad Holding NV Future Internation Expansion Strategy in Ireland Essay

- INTRODUCTION Randstad Holding nv is the world’s second largest human resource consulting firm headquartered in Diemen Netherlands. It was founded in 1960 by Frits Goldschmeding and Ger Daleboudt. Ranstad has 29,320 workers operating from 4,496 branches in 40 countries and accounts for 90 percent of the global HR services market. They made a turnover of €17.1 billion (2012 FY) and a net profit of €36.6 million (2012 FY). In 1965, Randstad moved abroad when they opened a branch in Belgium followed by a branch in London in 1967....   [tags: consulting firm, investment, economy]

Better Essays
1959 words (5.6 pages)

Conflict Between Ireland And Northern Ireland Essay

- For many years there has been a conflict in Ireland between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland due to differences in religion, political ways and patriotic recognition. The main issue between the two regions was that in North Ireland there is an abundant amount of Protestants living in the area as soon as the English and Scottish went and settled in that region which caused the people in Ulster, an area in Northern Ireland which is full of mainly Catholics, to feel displaced. By 1703, there was less 5% of land that belonged to the original Catholic owners....   [tags: Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Sinn Féin]

Better Essays
1078 words (3.1 pages)

Defusing the Conflict in Northern Ireland Essay

- It seems that all, throughout history, Protestants and Catholics are always butting heads. Tensions were particularly high between Ireland and Britain with Ireland being Catholic and Britain Protestant. This religious discrepancy had a real effect on the Irish people, interfering with their Catholic tradition. The Irish people had longed for independence from the British for a long time; but, Britain really managed to agitate the Irish when they sent settlers from Britain and Scotland to settle in Northern Ireland....   [tags: protestants, catholic people, ireland]

Better Essays
1508 words (4.3 pages)

Essay History of Northern Ireland

- Since 1972, the British Government has had mixed successes trying to establish peace in Northern Ireland. 1972 was the peak of the British unpopularity in Ireland, with the events of Bloody Sunday still fresh on the public consciousness; the Sunningdale agreement was drawn up. The Unionists saw this as a betrayal, giving into the southern rebels, and the IRA thought that this was an attempt to get the Southern Government to officially recognise the partition. Sunningdale fell almost immediately after a general strike proving the British had to change their strategy in order to achieve their goal of peace....   [tags: Ireland]

Better Essays
1080 words (3.1 pages)

Ireland As The Republic Of Ireland Essay

- Ireland, also referred to as and known as the Republic of Ireland, is located in Western Europe. Ireland is seperated from Great Britain to the east by the Irish Sea, St. Georges Channel, and the North Channel. It is the second largest island of the British Isles, third largest in Europe, and the twentieth largest on Earth. A sized example of the island would be estimated to be a little over the size of West Virginia. As of 2015, Ireland’s population was 4,892,305 and was ranked 123 in the world....   [tags: Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Ireland]

Better Essays
1788 words (5.1 pages)

Protestant and Catholic Troubles in Ireland Essay

- The troubles emerged as the result of several years of the escalating incidents between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. The troubles have been protracted and costly in every sense of the world. From the first civil rights marches in 1968 till the signing of The Good Friday Agreement in 1998, 3,500 people died and over 35,000 were injured in Northern Ireland as the direct result of the aggressive violence , rebellion, bombings, murders, and terror tactics. The Catholic and Protestant troubles and conflicts had a significantly impact on Ireland....   [tags: Religion, Northern Ireland, ]

Better Essays
1485 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on The Celtic Migrations Of Ireland

- Ireland has been actively forming over the past two millenniums, starting with the migration of the Celtic.1 The Celtic migrations took place about a century before Christ was born, they ruled the land of Ireland for nearly a thousand years, resisting outside influences. The Celtic people were not the first inhabitants of Ireland, since the Ice Age of 6,000 BC it is suspected that people were actively immigrating to Ireland for its easily farmable lands, but the Celtics easily over took the previous inhabitants of Ireland because they had access to Iron weapons....   [tags: Ireland, Northern Ireland, Irish people]

Better Essays
1431 words (4.1 pages)

Northern Ireland Essay examples

- Diplomacy does not happen overnight, and the true tale of hardship and bickering over Northern Ireland is proof of that. Ireland and England failed to agree on who held the power of Northern Ireland for over 30 years until the Good Friday Agreement, a form of diplomacy between the countries, took place. Before that time, many soldiers and innocent citizens of Northern Ireland lost their lives. Religious fights broke out between Catholic and Protestant residents. Political figures from countries like Wales and the United States came together to help put an end to the bitter relations of the European countries (Delaney)....   [tags: History, Reuniting Ireland]

Better Essays
1475 words (4.2 pages)