The Segregation of Éire
Ireland has a very conflicted history. Just when that history may seem to take a turn for the better, it seems that there is always another event to keep the trend of depression ongoing. The separation of the Protestant and Catholic Church would be the center of these events. However, the two different groups could potentially work together for the betterment of the nation. Through an analysis of why Protestants and Catholics split in the first place, disadvantages that Catholics would face in the coming years and also how these disadvantages were lifted, an argument will be developed in that there is perhaps the chance that they may end up working together in the future for the betterment of Ireland. Although these two groups would fight over the countless decades, they need to join into one entity if they wish to see a better future for Ireland.
The traces of the split can be seen nearly five hundred years ago during the Protestant Reformation in the sixteenth century. During King Henry VIII’s rule, Henry had wanted a divorce from his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, to marry Anne Boleyn. When the Pope would refuse to allow a divorce between Catherine and Henry, Henry would decide to start his own church so that he could be in a position of power to proceed with the divorce. This church would become the Church of England. Through this radical break away from the social norm, Henry VIII would be remembered as a man who would go to great lengths to get what he wanted. This break would also signify the beginning of the Protestant Reformation across Europe. This event marks the first time that two groups are seen as a national friend and foe recognition. As Bartlett notes, “By the 1570’s loyal and disloyal ...
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...ehind leaders such as Wolf Tone, pledging their support in the form of the United Irishmen. Even though the 1798 Uprising would ultimately fail, this milestone in Irish history had the other citizens of Ireland that the Catholics were willing to lay aside their past differences for the betterment of their nation. This begs the question that will they continue to work together in the future. Based off the past evidence, Protestants and Catholics have little to lose in assisting each other and having Ireland progress into a nation that is one unified completely. What needs to happen though is that each side has to lay out the terms with no outside influence. There can be no ambiguous statements surrounding these terms and officials have to free of bias, as much as a person can be, to effectively write equal terms that ensure economic progress and religious tolerance.
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“Ireland must be governed in the English interest” as Document 1 states. The Irish and English relationship is one of ethnic superiority over the other and geographical divide. The English feel like it is their duty to make the Irish people like themselves and they believe that their religion is the crux of what makes them inferior and the Irish just want to be left alone. The geographical divide between the nations is the mainly protestant, Ulster, and the Catholic rest of the island as Document 9 suggests. This has caused many disputes because of the fact that Irish Nationalists want the whole island unified.
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The Reformation changed England in many ways. To understand the Reformation fully, we must look at how it began. The English Reformation started in the 16th century with the reign of Henry VIII. Henry’s wife, Catherine of Aragon, was unable to produce a son, who would become the next heir to the the throne. Henry decided that he needed to move on to another wife who might provide him with a male heir, since Catherine of Aragon was unable to produce a male heir. Henry already had another woman in mind who he wanted to marry, Anne Boleyn. However, in order to get rid of Catherine of Aragon, Henry would need to divorce her. The Roman Catholic Church believed that marriage should be for life, and you could not simply remarry someone else. Pope Clement VII refused to allow Henry to divorce his wife.
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The English reformation was a period of time where King Henry tried to break away from the church. What cause Henry to break away was because King Henry wanted to divorce his first wife Catherine of Aragon because she failed to give Henry a son and so Henry after finding out that his wife is too old to have any more kids he decides to divorce her to marry another wife named Anne but he ran into a problem because he try to divorce his wife but husbands could not simply decide that their marriage was not working and leave their wife, the church simply does not allow that because in the catholic belief it is said “that the marriage is for life” so towards the end King Henry simply ex-communicated from the pope but that has a consequence this meant
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