Inclusion is a viewpoint that involves the commitment to educate each child to the greatest extent possible in the school and classroom the child would attend if he or she were without a disability. The goal of inclusion is to involve all students with disabilities, including severe disabilities, in academic and non-academic activities (Alquraini & Gut, 2012). When reading the literature regarding inclusion, two additional terms are often mentioned: (a) mainstreaming and (b) full inclusion. Mainstreaming has generally been used to refer to the placement of special education students in one or more general education class. Mainstreaming allows for students with disabilities to receive special education services in a separate classroom while participating with their “typically developing peers” in non-academic activities (Alquraini & Gut, 2012; Smith, 2007). Full inclusion means that all students, regardless of severity of disability, will be in a general education classroom full time. Proponents of full inclusion often claim that the general education classroom represents the least restrictive environment (LRE) for students with severe disabilities. The student should only be removed when services cannot be appropriately provided in the general education classroom (Fuchs & Fuchs, 1995; Salisbury & Evans, 1993).
Inclusion continues to be a controversial issue in education. There are advocates for both sides of the issue. Proponents to inclusion believe that all students belong in the general education classroom and teachers should be able to meet the needs of all students, including those with disabilities, within the general education classroom. On the other side are those who believe that trying to force al...
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...1). There is support for inclusive education. Research has indicated that there are many positive effects of students with disabilities being placed in a setting with general education peers as opposed to self-contained classrooms (Katz & Mirenda, 2002b; Turner & Traxler, 1995).
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEIA) continued to support the idea that students with disabilities should be educated with their typically developing peers in their least restrictive environment (Block, Klavina, & Flint, 2007). “IDEIA reemphasized that students with disabilities should only be placed in separate classes or schools when the nature or severity of their disabilities is such that they could not receive an appropriate level of education in a general education classroom with supplementary aides and services” (Alquraini & Gut, 2012, p. 45).
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- Inclusion is the idea that students with disabilities are able to participate in general education classrooms with general and special education teachers’ work together. Students with disabilities are not separated from the average student. President Ford signed the first comprehensive federal law that acknowledged equal educational opportunities for students with disabilities in 1975. Some people agree that students with disabilities should be included in the general education classroom because it will be beneficial for all students.... [tags: Special education, Educational psychology]
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- ntroduction Inclusion is a viewpoint that involves the commitment to educate each child to the greatest extent possible in the school and classroom the child would attend if he or she were without a disability. The goal of inclusion is to involve all students with disabilities, including severe disabilities, in academic and non-academic activities (Alquraini & Gut, 2012). When reading the literature regarding inclusion, two additional terms are often mentioned: (a) mainstreaming and (b) full inclusion.... [tags: Special education]
1122 words (3.2 pages)
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