In reviewing the literature about the importance of art in education, three themes presented themselves repeatedly. The role/importance of Art Education is the first, second is the integration of art into other areas of the curriculum and the third is the importance of professional development of teachers, and pre-service teachers, in the area of visual art. Those three topics will be addressed in the following.
Role/Importance of Art Education
A common theme that emerged recurrently in the literature review was that of the role and/or the importance of Art Education, specifically in the elementary years. Keatinge, in 1967 stated, “The arts, and their place in school curricula, have been debated for centuries. (Keatinge, 1967). Unfortunately, the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) has had a disadvantageous effect on the inclusion of art in classrooms simply because of the shift of focus. Despite the fact that NCLB reasserted fine arts significance in teaching, educators have “struggled to meet curricular and accountability mandates prescribed by NCLB amidst limited resources and dwindling budgets.” (Garcia, Jones, & Isaacson, 2015, p. 2). Teachers and administrators have been feverishly preparing students for standardized testing, that unfortunately, focuses mostly only on science, technology, math and language. The arts have, for the most part, been tossed by the wayside in order to open up more time to teaching to the tests. Regrettably, students have missed a very valuable part of their education, with a few exceptions of classroom teachers occasionally adding a small, noncomplex artsy craft. Many educators perceive the arts as taking time and resources away from instruction in reading and math...
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...ts. They continue by saying that if there is little prior experience to draw upon, the pre-service teacher (or practicing teacher) has limited experiences to draw upon in their planning and programming of arts experiences.
Adding all of this together, it is easy to determine that professional development is needed in order for educators to effectively implement art in their classrooms. Professional development should begin with pre-service teachers and continue with practicing teachers until they feel confident and capable of teaching visual arts.
During the review of literature to learn about Art in Education, the researcher found three recurring themes that include the importance of art in education, art integration, and professional development. This paper has attempted to unite those three themes together as they seem to be interrelated and connected.
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- Literature Review In reviewing the literature about the importance of art in education, three themes presented themselves repeatedly. The role/importance of Art Education is the first, second is the integration of art into other areas of the curriculum and the third is the importance of professional development of teachers, and pre-service teachers, in the area of visual art. Those three topics will be addressed in the following. Role/Importance of Art Education A common theme that emerged recurrently in the literature review was that of the role and/or the importance of Art Education, specifically in the elementary years.... [tags: Art, Visual arts, Education, Art education]
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