The Implementation of Cooperative Learning Essay

The Implementation of Cooperative Learning Essay

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In this essay, I will discuss cooperative learning as an instructional strategy. I chose to focus on cooperative learning after reading Borich’s discussion on the many ways in which in benefits students and their learning. According the Borich (2006), cooperative learning helps students to form their personal attitudes and values, increase prosocial behavior, teaches students to view the world from alternative perspectives, allows students to develop an integrated identity, and encourages higher order thinking.
Through the 1970s, having students spend a majority of instructional time working individually was thought to be the key for developing them into strong individuals. In the early 1980s, however, support began to spread for a new method that emphasized the importance of peer interaction in both socialization and learning: cooperative learning. In An Educational Psychology Success Story: Social Interdependence Theory and Cooperative Learning, Johnson and Johnson (2009) explore social interdependence theory and its application to education in the form of cooperative learning. Social interdependence exists when the accomplishment of an individual person’s goals is directly influenced by the actions of others. According to Johnson and Johnson (2009), social interdependence theory “provides a conceptual framework to organize thinking about cooperation and competition, summarize what is known, and generate research studies” (p.375). Cooperative learning focuses on Johnson and Johnson’s (2009) idea of positive interdependence, in which individuals see the attainment of their own goals as being directly related to the attainment of the goals of other individuals on their cooperative team and therefore cooperation is key in achievi...


... middle of paper ...


...se situations, cooperative learning should be a strong presence in every classroom and in every subject and can serve to improve not only student achievement, but students’ attitudes about school as well.



Works Cited

Borich, G. (2006). Effective teaching methods: research-based practice. (6th ed.). Upper
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Gillies, R. M., & Boyle, M. (2010). Teachers' reflections on cooperative learning: Issues
of implementation. Teaching and Teacher Education, 26(4), 933-940.
Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (2009). An educational psychology success story:
Social interdependence theory and cooperative learning. Educational
researcher, 38(5), 365-379.
Zakaria, E., Chin, L. C., & Daud, M. Y. (2010). The Effects of Cooperative Learning on
Students' Mathematics Achievement and Attitude towards Mathematics. Journal
of Social Sciences, 6(2), 272.

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