Impact Of Globalisation On Educational Policy

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The Impact of Globalisation on Educational Policy: the Privatisation and the Liberalisation of Higher Education in Southeast Asia …………………………………….. Educational policy formation of the government has been affected by globalisation, the accelerated growth of technologies, and the market-based system. The privatisation and the liberalisation are two from various educational policies that the governments use to respond to globalisation. The privatisation means “The transfer of a business, industry, or service from public to private ownership and control” (Oxford Dictionary Online, 2016). According to Ball (2009), there are three inter-related kinds of privatisation of public sector education that consist of “(1) Organisational recalibration, ‘selling’ improvement and mediating policy, (2) The colonisation of the infrastructures of policy, (3) The global reach of education business” (p.84). Private educational businesses sell the retailing solutions, such as continuing professional development, consultancy, and training, to the schools and the universities to support the schools or the universities to accomplish the national policies. It seems that the private educational businesses bring innovation into the educational institutions, influence the government’s policies, and expand their contribution to the international level. Cambridge Education, for example, provides consultancy services to the government agencies in England and also some countries, such as America, China, Hong Kong, and Thailand (Ball, 2009). The privatisation can refer that the governments accept the private sector to participate in the educational activities or to establish a new educational institution to support the national development. For example... ... middle of paper ... ...he more participations of the foreign higher education institution enhance the internationalisation of higher education in Malaysia. Malaysian students have more chance to study oversea via the twinning programmes and more international students study in Malaysia because of the establishment of foreign higher education institutions (Anantha, 2011). The Singapore Government also invites the foreign higher education institutions to have academic activities in Singapore. However, the Singapore Government has the strategies to select the World Class Universities from abroad. In addition, the Singapore Government provides financial support for the foreign higher education institutions to establish their campuses in Singapore while those foreign higher education institutions must have good performance and meet the government’s expectations in return (Chan and Ng, 2008).

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