Essay on The Impact of Culture on Second Language Acquisition

Essay on The Impact of Culture on Second Language Acquisition

Length: 931 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The issue of English language learning has been always a controversial one for almost all non-English language countries around the world these days. However, it seems language learning difficulties are not restricted to those who attempt to learn English. This is the same issue when an English speaker attempts to learn another language especially the Middle Eastern or Asian Languages. There are several hypotheses and theories concerning the language learning difficulties from different perspectives. One of the theories to explain second language acquisition issues from the sociocultural/sociolinguistic point of view is Brown’s (1980) Optimal distance Model, which is in parallel with Schumann’s (1986) Acculturation Model. Brown (1980) and Schumann (1986) state that both second language learning difficulties and the level of mastery in that language can be determined within the period of culture adaptation known as acculturation (Brown, 1980; Schumann, 1986).

Statement of the Problem
As Hidasi (2004) indicates, there is a hypothesis suggesting the existence of an intensive correlation of communication tactics as well as teaching-learning tactics, which are all acquired during childhood as a part of the subconscious culture (Hidasi, 2004:1). In other words, the notion of learning as well as teaching can differ depending on the culture. Apparently this is not easy to interpret culture. According to Brown (2007), culture refers to customs, beliefs and ideas which represent a particular group of people in a particular period of time (Brown, 2007:380). To learn a new language, in fact, is to learn a new culture. Better to say, language learners go through a process of developing identical relations between cult...

... middle of paper ...

...14, 157-164.
Brown, H. D. (2007). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, 5th Edition. White Plains, NY: Pearson Education.
Citron, J. L. (1993). The Role of Ethno-Lingual Relativity in Second Language Acquisition. Working Papers in Educational Linguistics, 9, 29-41.
Hidasi, J. (2004). The Impact of Culture on Second Language Acquisition. Child Research Net: A Research Site for the Future of Kids. Archive 2006. Retrieved from
Schumann, J. H. (1986). Research on the acculturation model for second language acquisition [Electronic version]. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 7, 378-392.
Spackman, C. L. (2010). Culture and Second Language Acquisition. Ohio Dominican University. Retrieved from

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Language Acquisition And Its Impact On Culture Essay

- Language acquisition still remains a debatable question in terms of nature or nurture being the guiding force, with neither side willing to concede defeat. The debate has seen the proposal and development of several hypotheses regarding the course through which people acquire both the first and the second language. Another factor that complicates the hypothesis in the discussion of the elemental subject of language is the aspect of diversity in culture and population. Consequently, in evaluating various cognitive and affective theories as they debug the myths regarding language acquisition, it is essential to consider diverse aspects of the mentioned issues....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics, Noam Chomsky]

Better Essays
1164 words (3.3 pages)

The Communication Barrier And Language Acquisition Essays

- Take a look around in any instruction manual, what do you notice besides the instructions. The fact that it is printed in at least two different languages, sometimes even more. The United States is often referred to as the melting pot of many cultures. Therefore, the people speak many different languages. The use of these languages is a way of communicating amongst these cultures. As a result, it is becoming necessary to learn more than one language in order to properly communicate. The communication barrier can be eased through the learning of a second language by English speaking Americans....   [tags: Linguistics, Second language acquisition]

Better Essays
1937 words (5.5 pages)

The Theory Of Learning About Language Acquisition And How Children Acquire Their First Or Second Language

- Literature Review Introduction In this review, I will look at the Theory of learning about language acquisition and how children acquire their first or second language. The reason why this fields of education interest me is because we are now living in a diverse society where by English is no longer the central language in the school in UK. On the basis of National Data collected via School Census, British Council says that “almost one in six pupils speak English as an additional language” (British Council, 2016)....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Better Essays
703 words (2 pages)

Using Immersion And Dual Language Programs Essay

- Through the acquisition of a second language, studies have shown vast improvements in various academic disciplines and cognitive abilities. Many schools are abandoning ancient teaching techniques for new, innovative ways to teach students foreign languages. Immersion/dual-language programs allow children the opportunity to take all or a great majority of their classes in a second language. Therefore, the second language is used as a “vehicle of communication and instruction,” instead of being taught as just another subject (Stewart 11)....   [tags: Second language, Language acquisition]

Better Essays
824 words (2.4 pages)

Essay about Culture and Foreign Language: Teaching and Learning

- In this subsection, different approaches to teaching culture within the foreign language teaching practice and different views of the term “culture” are going to be presented as a mean to explore the close relationship between culture and language and determine what is understood as culture in this study. As it was mentioned above, there are different definitions of culture. These views have relied on the different language acquisition theories and teaching approaches that have emerged in the history of foreign language teaching....   [tags: Culture]

Better Essays
1478 words (4.2 pages)

Learning Needs Of English Language Learners Essay

- As waves of immigrants entered the United States over the past decades, the population of minority students has risen to 42 percent in public schools (Luster, 2015). Children come into our classrooms with diverse identities that are forming based on their environment. Statistics inform us that 27 percent of young children under the age of 6 have at least one parent who speaks a language other than English (Matthews, 2011). When we talk about cultural and linguistic diversity, we are referring to children and families that come from different races and different cultures where English is not their primary language....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Better Essays
1452 words (4.1 pages)

Definition Of Mainstream English Language Development Essay

- Overview Mainstream English language development (MELD) is a program that provides support for students to improve their speaking, listening, writing, and reading skills. This program is not limited only to bilingual students who are having difficulty with English language. It also helps native speakers to develop standard and academic English. MELD is a program which instructs teachers with their instruction to accommodate the particular linguistic and language issues that apply to these students....   [tags: Sociology, Education, Language acquisition]

Better Essays
1120 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Language Learning vs Language Acquisition

- Beyond having defined motivation as an intrinsic factor in language acquisition, Gardner’s Educational Model moves us to consider four relevant factors that contribute to an individual’s competence to adopt a second language. Gardner states that the environment surrounding the learner “affects, influences and determines” the individual’s beliefs and about his/her culture as well as a foreign one. While this is not new as it was first stated and revolutionized by John Dewey in his social constructivist approach to learning where the learner arrives to his “truth” through influences amongst the people and environment around him as this shapes the background and culture throughout the learning...   [tags: Gardner's educational models]

Better Essays
730 words (2.1 pages)

How Children Learn Their First Language Essay

- There are three major theories about how children learn their first language, the first theory is the behaviorist view which was led by B.F. Skinner. He explained the behaviorist view as if an organism responds in a certain way to a stimulus and gets positive reinforcement, its behavior will be repeated. That did not work as much for language because logical conclusion was there was no limit to what language could be. Any linguistic habit that people somehow developed could become part of language, so then Chomsky came in place....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics, Noam Chomsky]

Better Essays
1195 words (3.4 pages)

Language and Social Identities Essays

- ... Culture and identity gives the essential impulse to launch learning the L2 and later the main thrust to manage the long and regularly dull taking in methodology; surely, the various elements included in L2 procurement presuppose inspiration to some degree. Without sufficient inspiration, even people with the most surprising capacities can't achieve long haul objectives, and not, one or the other are fitting curricula and great showing enough on their own to guarantee understudy accomplishment....   [tags: culture, foreign language]

Better Essays
915 words (2.6 pages)