The first article for review by Viktor Frankl, an existential psychologist, Logotherapy and Existentialism, was written in 1967. Existentialism approach emphasizes the individual as being responsible for their actions and destiny by way of exercising their own free will to understand one’s meaning or purpose in life (Burger, 2015). In the article, Frankl refers to it as “will to meaning” (Frankl, 1967). Further to the meaning of existentialism, Frankl emphasizes that logotherapy is not only an analysis of the client but it is also a therapy which the therapist and client enter into guided therapy as the client begins to determine their purpose and how they can accomplish this through changes in behavior and thought. In the article, Frankl also present existential therapy not in opposition to Freud’s psychoanalysis but in addition to Freud’s working, stating that “psychoanalysis promotes the self-understanding of man” (Frankl, 1967). As Frankl expresses in the paper, “there are just as many existential therapies as therapist” (Frankl, 1967) but in the textbook Burger shares that Frankl is so aligned with existentialism that he would be labeled as an existential psychologist (Burger, 2015). The article confirms the existential calling on Fran...
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...tails of humanistic psychotherapy and how the therapy environment should be managed. In doing this, the research on the effectiveness of personality change using humanistic psychotherapy could be standardized and measured.
The three articles in review were all written by psychotherapist that made an impact on how psychotherapy is practiced both by a humanistic and existential approach. The articles written by Maslow and Frankl are more than fifty years old but still have relevance in psychotherapy today but they also point out that psychotherapy continues to evolve and as new studies are done and more is learned about humans, their personalities, and motivations the practices continue to change and be updated. Research continues today and fifty years from now students will look back and see the work of Maslow, Frankl, and Rogers influence psychotherapy in their time.
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