Humanistic Psychology And Existential Psychology Essay

Humanistic Psychology And Existential Psychology Essay

Length: 1040 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Humanistic and Existential Psychology are influential of each other, both include the “meaning of our existence, the role of free will, and the uniqueness of each human” (Burger, 2015) This paper will review three articles written by influential psychologists of their time, Maslow, Rogers, and Frankl. The review of each will include a summary, how well the contents connects to the humanistic or existential psychology, and if their ideas still have a relevant application in today’s environment.
The first article for review by Viktor Frankl, an existential psychologist, Logotherapy and Existentialism, was written in 1967. Existentialism approach emphasizes the individual as being responsible for their actions and destiny by way of exercising their own free will to understand one’s meaning or purpose in life (Burger, 2015). In the article, Frankl refers to it as “will to meaning” (Frankl, 1967). Further to the meaning of existentialism, Frankl emphasizes that logotherapy is not only an analysis of the client but it is also a therapy which the therapist and client enter into guided therapy as the client begins to determine their purpose and how they can accomplish this through changes in behavior and thought. In the article, Frankl also present existential therapy not in opposition to Freud’s psychoanalysis but in addition to Freud’s working, stating that “psychoanalysis promotes the self-understanding of man” (Frankl, 1967). As Frankl expresses in the paper, “there are just as many existential therapies as therapist” (Frankl, 1967) but in the textbook Burger shares that Frankl is so aligned with existentialism that he would be labeled as an existential psychologist (Burger, 2015). The article confirms the existential calling on Fran...

... middle of paper ...

...tails of humanistic psychotherapy and how the therapy environment should be managed. In doing this, the research on the effectiveness of personality change using humanistic psychotherapy could be standardized and measured.
The three articles in review were all written by psychotherapist that made an impact on how psychotherapy is practiced both by a humanistic and existential approach. The articles written by Maslow and Frankl are more than fifty years old but still have relevance in psychotherapy today but they also point out that psychotherapy continues to evolve and as new studies are done and more is learned about humans, their personalities, and motivations the practices continue to change and be updated. Research continues today and fifty years from now students will look back and see the work of Maslow, Frankl, and Rogers influence psychotherapy in their time.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Humanistic And Existential Approaches

- During the path few weeks it has become more apparent that theorists have many ideas on the personalities of others. That being said though it might seem easy to judge your own personality it becomes difficult. Taking from the theorists read to date the best explanation falls in the Humanistic and Existential approaches. Self-Actualization as explained in the courses text as a process in which a person can grow by realizing one’s own potential. This is best described as the way a person feels inside will dictate their path....   [tags: Psychology, Personality psychology, Abraham Maslow]

Better Essays
1296 words (3.7 pages)

Existential And Humanistic Theories Both Stress The Positives Of Human Nature

- ... Many humans strive and set expectations that are more than there is to offer at the current moment. Culture does not teach us how to love or be fully human, like man is not taught to be molded but to mold and shape oneself. The “instinct” theory, for one to have growth in health there must be the satisfaction of basic needs. “Children do not only need gratification but to know the limitation of the physical world” (Maslow, 1962). In Psychotherapy the problem of evil in investigated. The problem with facts is that there is a lack of knowledge and people often times will choose to reject happiness and self-respect....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology]

Better Essays
1209 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about Humanistic Psychology

- In general, human nature consists of three main parts: the mind (intellect), the body (biological makeup) and the spirit (emotional makeup). As the mind and the body are being well explored in behaviorism and psychoanalysis, the spirit of a person has been increasingly popular from the mid-20th century. In the early 1960s, a movement named third-force psychology started as a reaction to the defect of behaviorism and psychoanalysis to deal fully with the human condition (Hergenhahn, 2008). This third-force movement is humanistic psychology, which refers to the combination of the philosophy of romanticism and existentialism....   [tags: Human Nature, The Mind, Body, Spirit]

Better Essays
1180 words (3.4 pages)

Psychology : Theories Around Counselling And Psychology Essay

- Up until the 1940s and 50s the main practice and theories around counselling and psychology were dominated by Sigmund Freud and B F skinner. These were psychoanalysis and behaviorism, these theories worked on the principal that the psychologist was the expert and the patient was essentially without knowledge or free will to help himself i.e. deterministic (The doctrine that all events, including human action, are ultimately determined by causes regarded as external to the will. Some philosophers have taken determinism to imply that individual human beings have no free will and cannot be held morally responsible for their actions.) However around this time there was also another, humanistic...   [tags: Psychology, Humanistic psychology, Carl Rogers]

Better Essays
1032 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about The Humanistic Theory Of Psychology

- The humanistic approach is characterized as a theory containing 4 specific places of emphasis; personal responsibility, the ‘here and now’, the experience off the individual and personal growth (Burger, 2015). While existential theory places emphasis on the human condition as a whole. Frankl’s existential theory focused on 3 concepts, free will, will to meaning, and the meaning of life (Batthyany, n.d.). Each puts significant importance on the individual to cultivate their own path of improvement....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology]

Better Essays
1033 words (3 pages)

Overview of Humanistic Psychology Essay

- Humanistic Psychology is a psychological perspective that highlights the study of a person in whole. These psychologist look at human behavior not just through the eyes of the viewer, but also through the eyes of the client that has the behavior. These psychologist believe that an individual's behavior is associated to his or her intimate feelings and their self image. Humanistic psychologist accepts human beings are not just a commodity of the environment. These psychologist study human meanings, understanding, and experiences involved in growing, teaching, and learning....   [tags: abraham maslow, human behavior]

Better Essays
1410 words (4 pages)

The Humanistic-Existential Perspective Essay

- The Humanistic-Existential Perspective The humanistic-existential perspective is both a reaction to and an outgrowth of the psychodynamic perspective. These thinkers refer to psychodynamic theory as inadequate, many were repulsed with its tendency to break down the "whole" person into discrete components, and, the idea of adapting to one's society, however questionable its values. Most importantly, they disagree that human action is beyond the individuals control, in fact they believe that if we could develop with out constraints, we would be rational and socialized....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
804 words (2.3 pages)

Psychological And Psychological Aspects Of Psychology Essay

- ... In doing so, a broader historical view was gained for the potential causes and treatments for each disorder, as well as on the various models for clinical assessment and diagnosis. I was particularly fascinated to learn about the results of studies and new findings related to genetics, biochemistry, and the neurological components of psychological disorders. For example, I was very interested to learn about the neurotransmitters, hormones, and brain structures and pathways involved in the disorders we covered, as well as the diathesis-stress model and the multidimensional risk perspective and how they can relate to diagnosis and treatment....   [tags: Psychology, Mental disorder, Psychiatry]

Better Essays
1314 words (3.8 pages)

Essay about The Psychology Of Humanistic Therapy

- ... Cognitive behavioral therapists may also disclose concrete examples of how they cope in daily life (Bottrill et al., 2010). Contemporary Conceptual Positions Therapist disclosures that are driven by empathy and caring (Sturges, 2012) may have positive impacts on the client’s perception of the therapist (Henretty & Levitt, 2010) and the therapeutic relationship (Audet & Everall, 2003). Supporting the humanistic position, interviewed clients have reported that disclosures reduced their feelings of being objectified in therapy (Audet, 2011)....   [tags: Therapy, Psychotherapy, Therapeutic relationship]

Better Essays
1115 words (3.2 pages)

Perspectives Of The Person Centered Approach, And Psychodynamic Approach

- This essay will attempt to discuss the person David, from the perspectives of the person-centred approach, and psychodynamic approach. Whilst discussing key theorists and therapies, and demonstrating self-theoretical knowledge. David is 59 years old and has a successful career; he has been married to Angela for 15 years with no children. Angela is 29 years younger than David. David has two grown up children from a previous failed relationship, and has a distant relationship with them. They both fell in love quickly with each other which came as a surprise to them both, as they both believed they were rational people, and they were not controlled by their passions....   [tags: Psychology, Sigmund Freud, Humanistic psychology]

Better Essays
1652 words (4.7 pages)