Essay on Human Nature: Aristotle vs Plato

Essay on Human Nature: Aristotle vs Plato

Length: 2002 words (5.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Modern sciences have either directly emerged from philosophy or are very closely related to multiple philosophical questions. Understanding philosophy, as well as the way problems are addressed by philosophers, is the key to understanding science as we know it today and in the future. There are as many definitions of philosophy as there are philosophers – perhaps there are even more. Philosophy is said to be the mother of all disciplines. It is also the oldest of all disciplines and has given a rise to modern science, both social and natural conclusions. After three millennia of philosophical discourse and disagreement, it is extremely unlikely that we will reach an exact consensus. My thoughts are that a philosopher is basically a person who engages in the critical study of the basic principles and concepts of a particular branch of knowledge, especially with the intention of improving or reconstituting them; this is otherwise known as the study of philosophy.
There are people from ancient times that to have been ahead of their time and ancient philosophers are definitely some of those people. Arguably, two of the most influential philosophers of all time are Aristotle and Plato. Aristotle was actually one of Plato's students. Plato was much more metaphysically inclined than Aristotle was and he frequently spoke of concepts called the Forms; he believed that most people were considerably in the dark as to what the world actually was (Man Knowledge: The Greek Philosophers). Aristotle was much more practical and constantly contradicted Plato's views of having a ruling class of people who had the “right” qualities to become rulers (Kayla). On the contrary, Aristotle believed that society was a natural function of man to try to bec...


... middle of paper ...


...RSS. N.p., 2 Feb. 2010. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.http://www.artofmanliness.com/2010/02/04/man-knowledge-the-greek-philosophers/
"Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Aristotle (384-322 BCE). N.p., 11 Apr. 2001. Web. 30
Nov. 2013. http://www.iep.utm.edu/aristotl/
Kayla, Lowe. "Plato's Views on Human Nature." Yahoo Contributor Network. N.p., 23 Mar.
2009. Web. 28 Nov. 2013. http://voices.yahoo.com/platos-views-human-nature-2887759.html?cat=4
Moleboi. "Aristotle on Human Nature." Web log post. Only Fools Tread Where The Wise Fear.
N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. http://moleboi.wordpress.com/2011/12/31/aristotle-onhuman-nature/
"Plato versus Aristotle: Theory of Forms and Causes - Filthy Lucre | For The Working Affluent."
Filthy Lucre For The Working Affluent RSS. N.p., 18 Dec. 2008. Web. 30 Nov. 2013.
http://www.filthylucre.com/plato-versus-aristotle-theory-of-Forms-and-causes

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Plato 's View Of The Nature Of Human Beings Essay examples

- To understand Plato’s view of the nature of human beings one must also understand his view of the world and the soul in turn. Plato’s Republic is a Socratic dialogue, this excerpt from Book IX relays the second of a three-part argument aiming to prove that a man who leads a just life leads a happier and more fulfilled life than the unjust man. Plato registered the world around him as two separate realities, the visible world and the intelligible world. The essential difference in these worlds is in that the visible world is changing whereas the intelligible world is unchanging and eternal....   [tags: Plato, Aristotle, Soul, Platonism]

Research Papers
1014 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Aristotle and Plato's Views on Reality

- Aristotle and Plato were both great thinkers but their views on realty were different. Plato viewed realty as taking place in the mind but Aristotle viewed realty is tangible. Even though Aristotle termed reality as concrete, he stated that reality does not make sense or exist until the mind process it. Therefore truth is dependent upon a person’s mind and external factors. According to Aristotle, things are seen as taking course and will eventually come to a stop when potential is reached. The entire process of potential to actuality is call causation....   [tags: Aristotle, Plato, philosophy, ]

Research Papers
983 words (2.8 pages)

Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy Essay

- Emmanuel Marsh Professor Wiener POL. SCI 204 During the fourth century BC, Athens two most influential thinkers of all time had emerged, Plato and Aristotle. Socrates, a great influential philosopher who influence his pupil such as Plato, through his teachings. Plato, then became the teacher of Aristotle, who although was a long term follower, found fault in Plato`s theories. In fact, Aristotle became a great critic of his teacher. Despite his criticism, Aristotle was influenced by Plato and in so their works are easily comparable, however, some aspect of their philosophy can be contradictive....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Truth, Logic]

Research Papers
1078 words (3.1 pages)

Plato 's Philosophy On Human Nature Essay

- Plato widely a respected philosopher and is arguably one of the greatest philosophers of all time. I knew nothing about him or what he stood for before taking this course and I found his theory on human nature very exciting. “Plato’s most fundamental contribution to philosophy was the distinction he drew between the changing physical objects we perceive with our senses and the under changing ideals we can know with our minds.” What Plato means is when we see something that we think is good or bad that there is good strong reasoning behind why we think the way we do....   [tags: Philosophy, Ethics, Plato, Happiness]

Research Papers
914 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on The Nature Of Human Nature

- The nature of humanity has been an inalienable component of establishing significant classical theories by political scientists in the history of politics. Even Aristotle, widely regarded as a crucial contributor to forging politics as an area of elevated study knew this, and stated, “… it is evident that the state is a creation of nature, and that man is by nature a political animal. ” In this statement, Aristotle adamantly asserts that the state is the production of human nature, as humans are inclined to create the state according to their hereditary political nature....   [tags: Psychology, Soul, Philosophy, Human nature]

Research Papers
1376 words (3.9 pages)

Similarities Between Aristotle And Plato Essays

- Aristotelian or Platonist Contemplating whether one is born an Aristotelian or a Platonist is no easy task due to the fact that one may seem to relate to both classes to some degree. In order to arrive at a definite assumption of which class I am actually a part of, I pondered the idea of myself in relation to the views of Aristotle and Plato. Since Aristotle was a student of Plato, there are definitely some similarities between the two. Both of them attempted to describe what it means to be virtuous as a human being....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Political philosophy, Socrates]

Research Papers
1528 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Plato Vs. Aristotle On Nietzsche And Freud

- Something which many thinkers, from Plato and Aristotle to Nietzsche and Freud, have all contended with is the problem of living rationally. Where earlier Greek philosophers might have espoused a rational program for living, whether to build the just city of the Republic, or to lead the good life (as promised by Aristotle, who saw reason as a means of discerning virtue), it seems that this pursuit of living a life in pursuit, or even with the attainment of these higher truths for living becomes suspect in time of Nietzsche and Freud....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, Logic]

Research Papers
1053 words (3 pages)

Aristotle And Plato 's Views On Morality, Politics And Science Essay

- Aristotle and Plato were once philosophers in Ancient Greece who studied to a great extent ethics, politics and science. Aristotle was influenced by Plato as Aristotle was his student, just as Socrates, another big Greek philosopher, influenced Plato. Although, their ideas may be obsolete by modern standards, they still continue to have historical value. Thus, these ancient notions are often explored as they molded modern thinking to what it is today. Regularly examined, The Republic, by Plato and Politics by Aristotle, were each written in attempt at explaining political theory....   [tags: Logic, Aristotle, Inductive reasoning, Reason]

Research Papers
721 words (2.1 pages)

Analysis Of Plato 's ' The Soul ' Essay

- Part A A-2: In Phaedrus, Plato uses the symbol of a chariot and team to represent the soul. He states, “Let us then liken the soul to the natural union of a team of winged horses and the charioteer. The gods have horses and charioteers that are themselves all good and come from stock of the same sort, everyone else has a mixture” (Phaedrus 246B). As the chariot is made of a charioteer and two horses, Plato claims that the soul is made of three parts. In Plato’s myth, reason is the charioteer that drives the two other parts of the soul the horses onwards....   [tags: Aristotle, Plato, Metaphysics, Ontology]

Research Papers
2195 words (6.3 pages)

The Genius of Plato Essay

- Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens, Greece. When he was a child his father, Ariston, who was believed to be descended from the early kings of Athens died, and his mother, Perictione married Pyrilampes. As a young man Plato was always interested in political leadership and eventually became a disciple of Socrates. He followed his philosophy and his dialectical style, which is believed to be the search for truth through questions, answers, and additional questions. After witnessing the death of Socrates at the hands of the Athenian democracy in 399 B.C., Plato left Athens and continued to travel to Italy, Sicily, and Egypt....   [tags: Plato Biography]

Research Papers
1795 words (5.1 pages)