How does corruption affect development and development management? Essay

How does corruption affect development and development management? Essay

Length: 2482 words (7.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

How does corruption affect development and development management?


Generally speaking, a transparent, fair and clean environment is one of the important guarantee of a rapid economic development. Corruption usually plays a negative role in social and economic development field (World Bank, 2000). Mauro (1996, 1998), Monte and Papagni (2007), Tanzi (1998) believe that corruption will hurt development. However, there are also some counter examples. After the second World War, for instance, some authoritarian countries began a quick development , but in this process, corruption could always be found, which even synchronously grew. This paper will focus on what is the relationship between corruption and development and how corruption could impact on development and development management. First, it will define what corruption means, as well as its categories. Second, the relationship between corruption and development will be discussed through a series different arguments. Third, it will focus on the case of China, where corruption and development currently coexist.


Before discussing the above questions, it is necessary to clear the connotation and classification of corruption. Krueger (1974) studies in the field of corruption. She firstly puts forward the concept of economic rent-seeking, which theory is used to explain the widespread in various types of corruption in different countries. Thereafter, Ackerman (1978) tries to analyze the economics meaning of corruption through principal-agent theory. Ackerman thinks that if a third party tries to bribe, which means to pay a sum of money to the agent illegally in order to affect the decisions of the...

... middle of paper ...

...effects." Asian drama: An enquiry into the poverty of nations 2 (1968): 937-951.

Nye, Joseph S. "Corruption and political development: a cost-benefit analysis." The American Political Science Review 61.2 (1967): 417-427.

Rose-Ackerman, Susan. Corruption and government: Causes, consequences, and reform. Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Shleifer, Andrei, and Robert W Vishny. "Corruption." The Quarterly Journal of Economics 108.3 (1993): 599-617.

Singh, Gurharpal. "Understanding political corruption in contemporary Indian politics." Political Studies 45.3 (1997): 626-638.

Tanzi, Vito. "Corruption around the world: Causes, consequences, scope, and cures." Staff Papers-International Monetary Fund (1998): 559-594.

Zhou, Li-an. "Governing China's Local Officials: An Analysis of Promotion Tournament Model [J]." Economic Research Journal 7 (2007): 36-50.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Corruption Is A Basic Right Of The Citizens

- Corruption is prevalent in almost all administrative sectors of the government. Public administration lacks appropriate resources and is considerably performing weak due to corruption, politicization of bureaucracy and dominant patronage networks. (Bertelsmann Foundation, 2012). “Overall 66.7% of households experienced corruption in their interactions with different public service providers. An overwhelming 96.6% of households that interacted with law enforcement agencies experienced corruption....   [tags: Political corruption, Corruption]

Research Papers
1251 words (3.6 pages)

Law Enforce Agencies: Police Corruption Essay

- In February 2013, “the leader of the Black Guerilla Family gang, Tavon White, managed to impregnate four prison guards, two of whom got tattoos of his name. He also convinced the guards to smuggle in cell phones and other contraband” (Thirteen). Police corruption is a tangled mystery that typically spills into two groups: external corruption, which relates the police and the public; and internal corruption, which relates the policemen and the police department. Police corruption happens all the time....   [tags: police wrongdoing, morals ]

Research Papers
2815 words (8 pages)

Gender Is A Factor For Corruption Likelihood. Wang And Calvano ( 2015 ) Essay

- The question has been raised of whether gender is a factor in corruption likelihood. Wang and Calvano (2015) talked about the relationship between gender and ethicality among business students by considering the effect of gender on moral judgment while including the impact of business ethics training. They found that the results vary depending on the type of ethical issue. They provided two surveys to “3,000 undergraduate business students from 58 universities in 32 countries.” (p. 592). One survey focused on a business situation and the other on a personal dilemma....   [tags: Ethics, Leadership, Morality, Management]

Research Papers
988 words (2.8 pages)

Human Resource Management Essay

- History has recorded many of atrocities caused by humans against humans. Humans have a history of abuse, discrimination, intolerance, injustice, oppression and slavery as well as genocide against each other. The issue of human rights has always been important within the business world. Many businesses find That Human Rights are a vital part of corporate life. Most Businesses recognize the moral imperative to work consistent with human rights principles, recognition is growing that respect for human rights also it can be a tool for improving business performances as well as the company’s bottom line....   [tags: Business Management ]

Research Papers
848 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on The Biggest Management Challenges For International Firms

- ... Both international and local companies due to changes in public policy and political risk political ideology. These risks not only for international companies to influence the system for all companies. Not all the potential benefits of systematic changes affect companies. 2. Procedural political risk Companies procure from best sources from different countries to have comparative advantage. Globally competent supply chain is required from most competitive/best sources. The three main objectives of supply chain are • Lowest cost....   [tags: Risk management, Management, Risk, Political risk]

Research Papers
1960 words (5.6 pages)

Essay about Innovative Approaches To Corporate Management

- Innovative Approaches to Corporate Management Abstract Year after year the same companies find themselves on the Fortune 500 list. One common denominator has been their approach to corporate management. In order for a company to be successful in today's market, companies have to have a clear cut vision in the form of a mission statement and create a corporate culture which moves that vision into a reality. Companies cannot fear change, but rather embrace it and view it as a way to take their companies to the next level and become a model for other companies to emulate....   [tags: Business Management Analysis]

Free Essays
1530 words (4.4 pages)

Millennium Development Goals Essay

- Introduction The Millennium Declaration, sanctioned by 189 global leaders in September 2000, served as a commitment to work hand in hand to build a safer, more equitable, and prosperous world. The affirmation was translated into a roadmap laying out eight measurable and time-bound goals to be attained by 2015, christened the “Millennium Development Goals” (MDGs). The eight goals are correlated and should be considered as a whole. However, due to a combination of climate change, high food prices, the effect of the global economic and financial crisis, discrepancies in MDG attainment are widespread within and between countries....   [tags: food prices, global economy, finances]

Research Papers
1562 words (4.5 pages)

Corruption And Corruption Of Corruption Essay

- Corruption is issue that affects to the country and its population, especially politic, economy, society, and environment. It is a problem that not distant to people because corruption is at every levels from the national to the local community, judicial system, military, business, and so on. Then it is absolutely important and involve with everybody in the world. Corruption is a part of an undeveloped system, for example the quality of life, economic development, education, and etc. Corruption can occur in a few countries that have an inefficient government and other factors....   [tags: Political corruption, Bribery, Corruption]

Research Papers
1293 words (3.7 pages)

Carrefour: Abandoning Russia Essay

- Only few months after opening its first stores in Russia in June 2009, Carrefour announced that it would be leaving the country. This withdrawal was a shocker and is a setback for international retail development in Russia. Carrefour’s group sales resulted in a 2.9% drop for the 3rd quarter of 2009. The strongest sales decline comes from the companies operations in Europe. The only regions that resulted in positive growth were Asia, with sales growth by 5.1% and Latin America with a 5.3% growth....   [tags: international retail development analysis]

Research Papers
1121 words (3.2 pages)

Companies Finance Essay

- Introduction In the financial world, there are always unending possibilities of ways to handle money. Some of what we read from the financial statements might not be the true reflection on the company. Managements are finding ways to play around the statements and some of it could be fraud and lead to disaster. One great example of this case here is Arthur Anderson. They have many clients such as Enron and many others that they have audited and found fraud in their accounting statements but the management decides to ignore it because of the huge fees that Enron decides to give....   [tags: financial statements, fraud, corruption]

Research Papers
1926 words (5.5 pages)