How Does Beatles Music Alter Heart Rate?

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Introduction Humans have played music since at least 35,000 years ago (Nicholas J. Conard, June 25, 2009). Since then music has evolved in many genres and has become a huge part of every culture. It is often called the Universal language because music can convey information like a feeling, an attitude or a mood (Chris Dobrian, 1992). It affects people in a way deeper than regular speech. Regular speech does not make people feel any particular emotion if they cannot understand what one is saying (Mark Changazi, September 15, 2009). Music causes something different to happen. When people hear music a spiral sheet in their inner ear is plucked like a guitar string. It triggers the auditory cortex of the brain, located just above the ears. Different patterns of firing cells that go off at first trigger other groups of cells that identify different music with emotions, ideas and past experiences. (Willian J. Cromie, November 13,1997). And a study in 2001 by Anne Blood and Robert Zattore showed that when people listened to pleasurable music it activated the limbic and paralimbic areas of the brain. Those are connected with “euphoric reward responses” that we experience during good food, sex or drugs (Phillip Ball, April 19, 2013). Music now has been used to therapeutically for a number of diseases including Alzheimer’s, schizophrenia and cerebral ischemia. Researchers at Cleveland Clinic found that music lessened chronic pain and rates of depression and scientists at National Taipei College of Nursing found that playing music in the background with dementia patients lowered aggression (Maria Konnikova, September 26, 2013). Music therapy has been used for people in correctional settings, on the autism spectrum, as a response to Crisi... ... middle of paper ... .... . Cromie, Willian J.. "How Your Brain Listens to Music." The Harvard University Gazette. Harvard University, 13 Nov 1997. Web. 10 Nov 2013. . "Music Therapy Fact Sheets & Bibliographies." American Music Therapy Association . American Music Therapy Association, n.d. Web. 10 Nov 2013. . "Benefits to the Brain." VH1 Save the Music Foundation. VH1 Save the Music, n.d. Web. 10 Nov 2013. . "Using Music to Tune the Heart." Harvard Health Publications. Harvard University, n.d. Web. 10 Nov 2013. .

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