The beginning of North Korea all started on Russian soil as immigrants moved to Russia from Korea because of economic causes. As Koreans arrived in Russia and settled, they started a group of the Russian Communist Party under the Bolsheviks. Eventually, these Soviet Koreans were known as the “Irkutsk” group. All operations conducted by the Irkutsk had to have supervision by the Bolsheviks through the Comintern. The Comintern, better known as Communist International, had a mission to “organize the working class of the whole world for the overthrow of the capitalist order and the establishment of communism.” As the Irkutsk group grew, they looked towards their leader a man named Kim II Sung who was the commander of the first Korean battalion in the Soviet Army. Eventually, Kim II Sung became the supreme leader of the emerging North Korean state. After multiple missions completed by Kim II Sung, he went to travel back to Korea in August of 1945. By late August, 1945, the Soviet Army gained full control of the northern part...
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...Korea: New Perspectives (Colorado: Westview Press, 1987, Seoul, Kyungnam University Press), 225.
Jae-Jung Suh et al., Origins of North Korea’s Juche: Colonialism, War, and Development (Lanham: Lexington Books, 2013), 33; Park et al, The Foreign Relations, 255.
Michael O’Hanlon and Mike Mochizuki, Crisis on the Korean Peninsla: How to Deal with a Nuclear North Korea (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003), 146.
Lankov, The Real North Korea, 147; Choe, S. H. (2009, May 25). NORTH KOREA SAYS IT TESTED NUCLEAR DEVICE. New York Times (1923-Current File). Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1030641119?accountid=14902
Lankov, The Real North Korea, 230.
BARBARA CROSSETTE. "80,000 Children Dying in North Korea, U.N. Says." New York Times (1923-Current File), Aug 09, 1997, http://search.proquest.com/docview/109806747?accountid=14902 (accessed December 11, 2013).
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