First of all, these three short stores deal with nature and science, but when one delves deeper into the stories, it becomes apparent that Hawthorne actually explores relationships among family members. These three works of writing portray Hawthorne’s thematic writing pattern of the past affecting the present and the future. In “The Birth Mark,” the fear of isolation is clear, and while certain decisions can be made (nature vs. science), any path the character takes will affect familial connections. The theme of “Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment” is quite similar except that it deals with old age. Usually people in their old age are considered wiser, while younger people are considered folly or foolish. The main character in this story struggles with the relationships created and destroyed by age. In “Rappaccini’s Daughter,” Dr. Rappaccini is a scientist that commits his life to transforming plants into medicine. Yet the theme of the story actually revolves around the relationship that the doctor’s daughter and Giovanni Guasconti form. As the strange relationship escalates the ambitions of both her father and Giovanni eventually lead to her death. Life’s lessons can be gained from reading about the traumatic relationships in these three stories. It seems as if Hawthorn...
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Marshall, Megan. “Sophia’s Crimson Hand.” Nathaniel Hawthorne
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Rosenberg, Liz. “The Best That Earth Could Offer’: The Birth-
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