Utilitarianism is that idea that we have a moral duty to take the course of action that will achieve the most optimific outcomes or consequences (Shakil , n.d.). The idea of consequentialism is that we need to consider the final consequences of the action whether or not the act itself is morally good (Shakil , n.d.). This principle claims that the morality of an action, such as, genetic enhancement depends on the best actual or expected results. Therefore, someone like Julian Savulescu will argue that if we fail to maximize good results through genetic ...
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...elp raise it and provide for it the best that they can and claiming that it is a parent’s moral duty to genetically enhance their child is asking the parent “to go above and beyond their call of duty” (Shafer-Landau, 145). Although going above and beyond is admirable behavior, it is not required by utilitarian’s because they deny that there are any duties that go above and beyond. Therefore, our moral duty is to do the very best that we can do which in this case would consist of a parent’s duty to try and raise the best person that they can (Shafer-Landau, 145). Since utilitarian’s believe that fulfilling a duty needs to only be done to the best of their ability, Julian’s argument is flawed because he calls parents to go above and beyond their moral duty. Julian’s argument also has some flaws in regards to his responses to a few possible objections he talked about.
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