II. BP1/Topic Sentence: Bram Stoker’s novel, Dracula, contains many elements of gothic literature pertaining to the setting.
A. According to the report written by David De Vore, Anne Domenic, Alexandra Kwan, and Nicole Reidy at UC Davis, “The setting is greatly influential in Gothic novels. It not only evokes the atmosphere of horror and dread, but also portrays the deterioration of its world” (Vore, Domenic, Kwan, and Reidy).
1. In chapter two, Jonathan Harker, a real estate lawyer arrives at a dark and ruined castle.
a. “Suddenly I became conscious of the fact that the driver was in the act of pulling up the horses in the courtyard of a vast ruined castle, from whose tall black window came no ray of light, and whose broken battlements showed a jagged line against the moonlight sky” (Stoker 20).
2. In chapter fifteen, Van Helsing and his men venture into a cemetery, in order to kill the undead Lucy.
a. The setting of a cemetery adds to the horror and darkness aspect in Dracula.
B. Castles are well known settings when it comes to gothic literature. Carol A. Snef, author of Bram Stoker, writes, “Castles are a staple of Gothic fiction…usually located in remote mountainous regions, and have towering battlements, hidden rooms, secret passages, gloomy dungeons and creaking doors” (82).
1. Dracula’s castle is located in the mountains of Transylvania.
a. While Jonathan Harker was staying there he described, “On the latter side, as well as to the former, there was a great precipice. The castle was built on the corner of a great rock, so that on three sides it was q...
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...rnal, “But my very feelings changed to repulsion and terror when I saw the whole man slowly emerge from the window and begin to crawl down the castle wall over that dreadful abyss, face down, with his cloak spreading around him like great wings” (Stoker 44).
VI. BP5/Topic Sentence: In Dracula, the gothic influence on the symbols is clear to see.
A. Blood, the most prominent symbol in Dracula, represents life. Just as Adeline Hoe states in “Gothic Keywords”, “…blood naturally represents life in most of Gothic literature, for ‘the blood is the life’” (Hoe).
1. Blood symbolizing life is exemplified in Dracula when Lucy, as well as Mina, grow sicker and more like the undead once Dracula begins feeding off of them.
2. Just as the act of drinking blood extends Dracula’s life, the blood transfusions that Lucy receives allows her to grow healthier and more alive.
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