Milking by hand involved lots of manual labor, and it took a lot of time. Milk was not very clean since dirt could easily fall into the bucket that was directly underneath the cow’s udder during the milking process (B. Zimmerman). Accidents also happened if a cow was very stubborn and wild. Because there was so much time involved in milking just a few cows, many dairy farmers had just a number of cows as part of their herd. In 1878, Anna Baldwin became the first one to invent a milking device, a hope to try and replace hand milking (Spahr 550).
Patented in 1879, the Baldwin milking machine had potentially provided for a faster way of milking. It consisted of a large gutta-percha cup, fitting over the entire udder, and was connected to a hand pump (Vleck). Many were excited to discover that there was an actual milking machine invented. However, using the hand pump created only a small amount of vacuum causing a problem with extracting milk from the cow’s udder. Because it had various problems, the Baldwin milking machine became unsuccessful. Despite its imperfections, this innovation was the start of an evolution of milking machines.
The next innovation of the milking machine was created in the fall of 1918. Herbert McCornack of Pennsylvania invent...
... middle of paper ...
“Milking Machine.” How It Works | The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Science and Technology.
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Sager, Whitney. “Dairy Farming a Way of Life for These Families.” Harlan Tribune. 29 Jun.
2010. 1-2a. Print.
Spahr, Sydney L. “Milking Machine.” The World Book Encyclopedia. Vol. 13. Chicago: World
Book Inc., 1994. Print.
Rodenburg, Jack. “10 Most Frequently Asked Questions About Robotic Milking of Dairy
Cows.” Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs. Fact Sheet, 17 Aug. 2010. Web. 16 Jan. 2011.
Vleck, Richard Van. “Early Cow Milking Machines.” American Artifacts, 1998. Web. 16 Jan.
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