The Global Incom Inequality and the Marxist International Theory Essay

The Global Incom Inequality and the Marxist International Theory Essay

Length: 2683 words (7.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The global income inequality and the Marxist International Theory


A study reported in the World Institute for Development Economics Research at United Nations University , 40% of global wealth were held by 1 %of of adult in 2000, and the richest 10% of adults accounted for 85% of the world total. The lower half of the world's adult population has almost 1% of global wealth. These number income inequality. Income inequality can be divided into two kinds: within country inequality and between country inequality. In this essay, between country inequality has been chosen as the target of studies. Beside the internal factors of the countries, there are many external factors leading to the income disparity between country under the globalization. There are two interesting observations: north-south pattern in income distribution and developing countries with high Gross National Product (GNP) but low per capita GNP- underdevelopment. Some suggested that it results from the world trade mechanism. We want to probe into these observations through the Marxism theory.

In this essay,the theories of Marxism in international perspectives will be briefly introduced at first. Second, the North-South Divide and the underdevelopment in the less developed countries will be described. At the last part, this paper tries to use the Marxism theories to explain these phenomena and evaluate their applicability.

Conceptual tool

Before we analyze the case in the reality, we introduce the Marxism theories associated with the international relations first. Marxism

Tradition Marxism

Marxism is a socio-economic analysis on class-relation and conflict based on the critique of capitalism. The economic mode of production ulti...

... middle of paper ...

...rgeoisie vs proletariat. The North-South Gap is divided by the economic power rather than the national boundary as same as the consideration of economic factor. And the Imperialism Theory by Lenin can explain the process of the exploitation on the less-developed countries that provide raw material and labour. The less-developed countries are the producers and the more-developed countries are the capitalists that provide capital and sell final products back to the less-developed countries. The capitalists (more-developed countries) compress the producers (less-developed countries ) by by cutting down the payment and welfare. It adds the global dimension to the traditional Marxism and explains the process of global exploitation. However, it

From the explanation of the Dependency Theory, it

Using the World Systems Theory.


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Gender Inequality According to Functionalist and Marxist Feminist Perspective

- Contrary to popular believe, gender is referred to the attitudes, behaviours and emotions linked with a specific sexual group. There are two dominant perspectives that illustrate two different viewpoints of gender inequality. The functionalist perspective, by Talcott Parsons, believed that both men and women possess specific qualities that make them excellent at specific events, and these qualities are not interchangeable (Brym, 2014). The Marxist-Feminist perspective; however, viewed qualities for men and women as to being dependent on social conditions rather than being inherited (2014)....   [tags: gender inequality,talcott parsons,marxist feminist]

Better Essays
886 words (2.5 pages)

Marxist Theories Of Class Inequality Essay example

- Social class is a system of stratification whereby groups of people share a similar social position in terms of occupation, income, ownership and wealth. Social class is also closely related to levels of education, status and lifestyle (including housing, car ownership and leisure activities) as well as power and influence. Class inequalities can arise due to social class. Class inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social classes, in particular working class disadvantage and upper class privilege....   [tags: Marxism, Social class, Working class, Bourgeoisie]

Better Essays
1594 words (4.6 pages)

Challenges Faced By Global Inequality Essay

- Global inequality has been rising significantly around world. Some countries achieved rapid growth, while some others did not. Not only across the countries, inequality is also exist among groups in the economy. Even, the world biggest economies included in G20 are now the home of half of the world’s poor people (G20 2014). Many economist debates about the underlying drivers and solutions. The deterioration effect of globalization, technological change, and even intergenerational process has been pointed as the causes of inequality....   [tags: Poverty, Economic inequality, World Bank]

Better Essays
1226 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on The Global Financial Crisis ( Gfc ) From A Marxist Perspective

- This essay will examine the causes of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis (GFC) from a Marxist perspective. This paper will specifically examine and critique how Marx’s Theory of Crisis can be applied to understand and interpret the underlying structural causes of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis. Karl Marx is the father of the political and economic theory of Marxism. Marxism is essentially an analysis of capitalism (Trainer 2010). Marx regarded capitalism as deeply undesirable and he sought to bring an end to capitalism through a revolution and the creation of a future communist society (Trainer 2010)....   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Marxism, Economics]

Better Essays
886 words (2.5 pages)

Marxist Vs. Marxist Theory Essay examples

- This economic study will define the dilution and variability of Marxist and Neo-Marxist Theory in the post-WWII era. The slow dilution of Marxist theory as a 19th century economic concept defines the rise of capitalism and the neoliberal ideology that has permeated the latter half of the 20th century. The fall of communism in the late 1980s reveals the bankruptcy of communism as a state ideology in the U.S.S.R., especially after the Unite States and other first world nations triumphed through the neoliberal capitalist ideology of the 1990s and into the 21st century....   [tags: Marxism, Sociology, Capitalism, Karl Marx]

Better Essays
1251 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on The World Economic Crisis: A Marxist Analysis

- A financial crisis developed with an amazing speed starting from the late summer and early autumn of 2008 and it still affects the world today. This crisis has damaged many of the largest financial institutions firstly in the US and the whole world then followed, but the worst damage was that a large part of the world's financial system had almost collapse. A lot of researches tried to explain the reasons of the current global crises and try to figure out ways of changing or helping the system. This paper argues about explain the current global economic crises with new Marxists analysts and that the current crisis should be seen as a systemic crisis of capitalism because of bad structure....   [tags: Current Global Economic Conditions]

Better Essays
2647 words (7.6 pages)

Marxist Theory Of Marxist Feminism Essay

- Marxist Feminism Theory Marxist theory has different points which are gender, class, labor and housework wages, and lastly capitalists. First of all, Marxist has different meanings which Bryson explains, “. . . With the young Marx’s claim that ‘The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways; the point, however, is to change it” (Bryson 13). I believe the Marxist theory for feminism have a good and bad problems. The reasons are trying get a word out to help the women by explaining jobs in gender, different classes each women are in, housework should be a paid job not voluntary job, and capitalist helps women by getting out of the house and get outside of house to the real w...   [tags: Marxism, Karl Marx, Socialism, Working class]

Better Essays
2174 words (6.2 pages)

Marxist Theory Of Marxist Theories Essay

- Marxist Economics This is a school of thought in the field of economics that has developed from Karl Marx’s writings (1818-1883). It is very dissimilar to conventional economics, presenting a vital analysis of capitalism while identifying the essentially exploitative and conflictual nature. This does not mean that the body of work is homogenous. There is significant debate and diversity on the interpretation of Marx’s work and the legitimacy of the varied ways it has been developed. Some of the contributions of Marxist thought include the social and intellectual turmoil since the death of Marx, the difficulty of getting connection between practice and Marx’s theory, the varying economic and...   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Marxism, Socialism]

Better Essays
950 words (2.7 pages)

Marxist And Functionalist Theory Of Education Essays

- Marxist and Functionalist chapter The argument as to whether education is holistic to society is a thesis developed by both Marxist and Functionalist thinkers; as to what extent education is patriarchal and class free is an open- ended debate, however. A consensus of education for Functionalist ideologies is to allow the educate to develop the necessary skills to allow themselves to become an independent, someone conformist member of society (Strawn, 2009), thus fostering the independence knowledge and adopt the thesis of accolade systems in contemporary society; in an area where the parent may not be sufficient enough education....   [tags: Sociology, Marxism, Karl Marx, Ideology]

Better Essays
722 words (2.1 pages)

The Marxist Theory Of Religion Essay

- The Marxist theory of religion is that of conflict structuralism; where Marxists believe there is class inequality in society, in which religion plays a role. According to Marxists, this collectively done through social control, the dominant ideology and false class consciousness. For example, the dominant ideology is the idea that the ruling class use religion to re-enforce doctrines in order to maintain class inequality. Althusser in 1971 explains this by going into assessing that the Bourgeoisie use religion to maintain apparent class inequality through the Repressive State Apparatus (police force, military) and Ideological State Apparatus (views)....   [tags: Marxism, Sociology, Karl Marx, Ideology]

Better Essays
2021 words (5.8 pages)