He argues that there were four distinct phases in which the chosen people theme spread throughout Germany. The first phase began at the end of the Napoleonic Wars and lasted until the Revolution of 1830. In this phase, he argues that protestants were working to build God's kingdom by sending missionaries worldwide, helping the disadvantaged, as well as distributing bibles and pamphlets – in doing this, they believed they would obtain salvation by fighting the evil Enlightenment ideas that had developed.(FN). Phase two occurred between the revolutions of 1830 and 1848. He argues that the revolution shocked the German protestants, who saw it as a severe setback to their construction of God's kingdom. This phase is crucial to Lehmann because he argues that it was the first instance that Protestants developed a disdain toward French enlightenment, while holding themselves, as Germans, in higher regard.
The third phase was within the period of 1848 and early 1860s. In this phase, the German Protestants were appalled that revolution was happening again, especially on their own soil. This resulted in a surge of domestic missions, believing that the reward would be social change...
... middle of paper ...
...tively small minority, that only opposed it because they viewed French ideas of freedom as oppressive compared to what they considered as true liberty in their respective states. Kohn argues that only when Napoleon started to invade other countries and directly influence Germany, is when Germans slowly started to gain some notion of national consciousness, though this patriotic sentiment was very rare. He argued that only the smaller states looked for political unification for protection, but the larger states still had no longing for unity and wished to live in peace.(Content footnote about prussian peace treaty). This article is a good place to start when looking at the conditions before German nationalism. It documents the lack of national awareness in the German States, and reinforces the argument that German nationalism crystalized during the Wars of Liberation.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In society today, skepticism has increasingly bound to Christianity as if it was page in the Bible itself. It has become evident from both historical and scholarly studies that, we as a human race, should question the very existence of God. The Old Testament bridges this gap between God and his people and the resemblance between the two testaments is strikingly similar. It is evident that God is seen as: Father, Redeemer, Holy, and Savior. These realities are found in both testaments, yet why is there a need for the Old Testament.... [tags: Bible, New Testament, Old Testament, Jesus]
989 words (2.8 pages)
- Old Testament Final how the Old Testament and New Testament are related. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: One of the ways we know that the Old Testament and the New Testament are related is the both contain the infallible written word of God. (2 Timothy 3:16) (Myers) The affiliation between the Old Testament and the New Testament echoes both the endurance and incoherence amongst the Christian and Israelite.... [tags: New Testament, Bible, Jesus, Old Testament]
1049 words (3 pages)
- Some believed that there are so many good reasons to study the Old Testament. For one reason the Old Testament lays the foundation for our teaching and also laid the foundation for what was to come. The Old Testament texts were sacred to the Jewish beliefs and practices. The Old Testament provided us with important facts, details and information that were needed in order to understand the New Testament. So what is the point of studying the New Testament of the bible. Perhaps it was to gives us a better background and understanding of why the Jews had been waiting on their Messiah to come.... [tags: New Testament, Jesus, Bible, Old Testament]
1476 words (4.2 pages)
- Who wrote the Bible. I can assure you that not many people have ever really asked themselves this question and really looked behind it to find out the answer. Several people have probably never wondered who since when they think of the Bible, they think of God. “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” I can personally say I have never really thought about who wrote it, since I have always believed it was God himself. For me the Bible is more than just a book, it is a word of God.... [tags: New Testament, Old Testament, Jesus, Bible]
1380 words (3.9 pages)
- Forgive the length of this, but I really wanted to get this off my chest after so many years. I’ve been a Christian for my entire life, but I do not consider myself a religious person. I was raised in the Lutheran church so most of my beliefs come from there although I don’t really associate myself with any church anymore. When I was around 17, I began to become skeptical and question my beliefs due to being subjected to logical science most of my life. I can’t ignore logic, as that would be, well, illogical.... [tags: Christianity, New Testament, Old Testament]
938 words (2.7 pages)
- Introduction The Bible contains sixty-six books in different styles. In the beginning it tells a story of God’s movement of creation, and the series of stories about the lives of people who overcome battles by using a faith-based journey. With the last sixty-six book of revelation, which is the most difficult book to understand, it describes the details of an eternal place call Hell. To understand substance of the bible you will have to obtain the history, cultural, and the literary background of the bible.... [tags: Bible, Old Testament, Jesus, New Testament]
1976 words (5.6 pages)
- The very first puzzle in the book is a puzzle. This could be done to make the reader think that the words, “Scripture” could be redundant to use where the words,” Old Testament” are present. The book has been divided into many parts. The first part contains a very long and a very useful discussion about the history of the Old Testament. There is an introduction and the presentation about the views of the canonization process. In this the reader does not come to know what exactly is coming towards him.... [tags: Torah, Bible, Old Testament, Tanakh]
804 words (2.3 pages)
- Place yourself in this picture; you are in an unfamiliar land where you have no idea what to expect, where to go, or what your role is. All you know is that your forefathers were promised to inherit a land all their own, and now after years of living in a foreign country as an unpaid labourer, it is time for that promise to be realised in your life. You are scared and at the same time excited to be finally going to a place you can call home… A critical moment in the story of God in the Old Testament is when Abram at around 2081BC1 (well after the flood) is told by God in Genesis 12 to, "Go to the land that I will show you".(v1) And, "I will make you a great nation" (v2)... [tags: Old Testament, Bible, Israelites, Torah]
1089 words (3.1 pages)
- In the Old Testament of The Bible, the story of Leviticus states that "lying with mankind as with womankind is an abomination”. Furthermore, the story of Sodom and Gomorrah has been interpreted as condemning homosexual acts. Sodom and Gomorrah is mentioned in the Book of Genesis, both in the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. This story is typically used as a metaphor for homosexuality and is viewed as a deviation. Some interpretations of it today believe that The Bible does condemn homosexuality, while other interpretations state that The Bible has rare or unusual words in the passages that may not be referring to homosexuality at all.... [tags: Bible, Old Testament, Homosexuality]
1557 words (4.4 pages)
- REDEMPTION Introduction Redemption as a theme in the bible is one that seems to go through a transitional phase. The idea in this case is a representation of freedom, setting free from bondage or exchange of something that one has in their possession for another that is in another person’s possession. The concept in this case can best be defined as a sort of ransoming or trade off. Both the writers in the Old Testament as well as those in the New Testament differently interpret and expound on this theme.... [tags: New Testament, Old Testament, Jesus, Christianity]
1133 words (3.2 pages)