Steppe is typically found on karst, a geomorphological feature that is present due to the limestone geology of the Maltese Islands. One would expect to find Erica multiflor, Coridothymus capitatus, Asphodel aestivus and Anthyllis hermanniae subsp. melitensis (an endemic) on this type of environment. Garigue communities may also exist on karst.
The geomorphology of the place coincides with most of the western part of the Maltese Islands. Clay slopes were noted during the fieldwork, and observed to be underlying a band of Upper Coralline limestone. Clay talus forms over Globigerina limestone as the blue clay strata is forced out and down a slo...
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...lline limestone (Pedley et al., 2002). Although a high degree of wave energy is observed in this area, no sandy beach has formed. One explanation for this is that the deeper sea due to a faulting plane did not allow the deposition of boulders near the sea surface. A pebble beach formation indicates that less energy eroded boulders into pebbles.
Conrad, E., & Cassar, L. F. (2007). Coasts and Conflicts: Towards harmonisation and integration in the Mediterranean. Dormax Press Co. Ltd.
Huggett, J. R. (2011). Fundamentals of Geomorphology (3rd ed.). Oxon: Routledge.
Pedley, M., Clarke, M. H., & Galea, P. (2002). Limestone Isles in a Crystal Sea: The Geology of the Maltese Islands. Malta: P.E.G.
Schembri, P. J., & Baldacchino, A. E. (1998). Ilma, Blat u Ħajja: Is-sisien ta' l-ambjent naturali Malti (2nd ed.). Malta: Malta UNiversity Publishers Ltd.
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