Essay on Geography and Climate of Nepal

Essay on Geography and Climate of Nepal

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Nepal is located in the Tropic of Cancer (Northern Hemisphere) (Shrestha) and lies between China in the north and India in the south, east and west.(1990 map) It has an area of 147,181 sq. km including water which has an area of 3,830 sq. km and its geographical coordinates are 28°00′N 84°00′E. (Australia 2014) Nepal is typically characterised by a rugged topography due to the amount of hills and mountains within its area. Nepal also lies in the tectonically active zone, making it prone to earthquakes. Nepal is divided into 3 main ecological regions: The Himalayan region, Mid Hill region and Terai region.
The Himalayas mainly consist of mountains, but also consist of temperate forests and alpine pastures. The inner region of the Himalayas in the valley are cold deserts that share characteristics with the Tibetan plateau. This region is home to the tallest mountain in the world; Mount Everest (8,848m) and to seven other of the 14 over eight thousand metre mountains in the world [Kanchenjunga (8,586m), Lhotse (8,516m), Makalu (8,463m), Cho Oyu (8,201m), Dhaulagiri (8,167m), Manaslu (8,163m) and Annapurna (8,091m).]
The Terai region has an altitude ranging from 60-305m and a width ranging from 26-32km. It occupies approximately 17% of the total land area of the country. Within the Terai region lies the lowest point of Nepal; Kechana Kalan with an altitude of 60m. The Gorkha district can be found within the Terai region and within the Gorkha disrtrict lies Sandikhola which is 82km North West from the capital of Kathmundu and 16km south east from the city of Gorkha. It is north east of Kurintar and Bharatpur. Sandikhola has two rivers running along it, to the south of the village is the Trushuli Nadi River and to the east is the Ju...

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...r Profile." Retrieved 4/6/2014, from

Nyaupane, G. and N. Chhetri "Vulnerability to Climate Change of Nature-Based Tourism in the Nepalese Himalayas." An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment 11(1): 95-119.

Online, W. W. (2014). "Average Rainfall for Gorkha, Nepal." Retrieved 4/6/2014, from

Platform, U. N. I. (2012). "Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium." Retrieved 4/6/2014, from

Pokhrel, D., et al. Natural hazards and environmental implications in Nepal, Emerald Group Publishing Limited. 18: 478-489.

Shrestha, N. R., et al. "Population pressure and land resources in Nepal: a revisit, twenty years later." Journal of Developing Areas 33(2): 245.

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