Amad, Ramoz, Thomas, Jardri and Gorwood questioned if borderline personality disorder runs in families through genetics. Although not stated, Adolph Stern first stated the symptoms of borderline personality disorder in 1938. However, it was not diagnosed as borderline personality disorder until the 1980’s. Borderline personality disorder is a common mental disability that causes someone to experience unstable moods and occasionally have psychotic episodes. Gene-environment interaction which is when 2 different genotypes respond to different environmental variation in different ways. Plasticity genes is the ability of an organism to change its phenotype in response to changes in the environment. A phenotype is a set of observable characters of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment. A genotype is the genetic makeup of an organism. Polymorphism is another term used which is the presences of genetic variation within a population, upon which natural selection can operate. Over 100 studies have been performed on this subject which were often cited and compared with Amad’s et al. study.
Amad et al. used quantitative research by analyzing data to figure percentages and likelihood of borderline personality disorder running in families. Amad et al. choose patients 18 years or older with borderline personality disorder, the diagnostics were made according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criteria. They preformed a meta-analyses, a method for combining study data from multiple studies, if two or m...
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...en who experienced child neglect had an increased risk of having borderline personality disorder at the age of 11. Ethnic minority children and low income children were more subdue to the child neglect causing more of a risk to borderline personality disorder. It was found that 95% of children who experienced child neglect or abuse had symptoms of borderline personality disorder.
As well as previous studies, Winsper et al. found that poor parenting lead to borderline personality disorder. There were also indirect relationships between inadequate parenting and symptoms of borderline personality disorder. The poor parenting leads to a lack of being able to process what is going on which then leads to borderline personality disorder. Winsper et al. faced the lamination that the participants could give false answer or not answer questions to the full truth.
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