Genetic modification changes the genes which as a result, changes the characteristics of the organism. Genetic modification has been going on for many years and as the technologies get more sophisticated, scientists and organizations have been able to increase the scope of these genetically modified foods. (Gray, 2010)
To ‘genetically modify’ an animal, there is a five step process which scientists can follow. This process entails DNA extraction, gene cloning, gene design, transformation and backcross breeding. The gene is extracted from the foreign body, inserted into the new host and once inserted; the genome glues itself into the DNA. Your body doesn’t even notice the new genome, meaning that there will be no affect as a result of a foreign genome being inserted (Bionet, 2002).
The implantation of foreign genes into the Atlantic salmon is only a recent development so there isn’t a huge past on the subject. However, these salmon used to be plentiful in its habitats and there wasn’t a demand for the genetic modification of these fish until the number of salmon depleted.
Atlantic salmon are a slow growing fish which reside in the northern Atlantic Ocean. These fish are highly sought after and as a result, fish numbers have dropped dramatically. This has called for a reduction in the number of Atlantic salmon captured and as a result, prices have soared for these fish. To cope with the reduction in numbers, some scientists working alongside independent corporations have begun genetically modifying salmon and breeding them in fish farms (Gray, 2010)
AquaBounty is a Massachusetts based company that is responsible for the GM Salmon. After many tests and trial...
... middle of paper ...
...le fishery could be established where a suitable number of fish were caught but yet still a large number of salmon left in the wild population.
In order for both of these alternatives to work, it is important that the fishery is strictly monitored and harsh penalties are established for anyone that chooses to disobey these laws.
After collecting information from a variety of reputable sources and examining the issue, it is concluded that Atlantic salmon should not yet be genetically modified. However, with further research into the topic, more tests/trials and further improvements in the methodology, it is very possible that there will one day be GM salmon for sale. The alternatives should be considered however they are not viable. This is because the fishery would not be able to be managed and a possible black market could be established.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Brook, S. S. (2016). The Status of Genetically Modified Salmon. Mother Earth News, (275), 11. The title of this article is “The Status of Genetically Modified Salmon” and explains the audience of the current status of genetically modified salmon. A recent bill has passed requiring that the new salmon may have to be labeled. This genetically modified salmon is combined with growth hormones from the Chinook salmon and a gene from the ocean pout; an eel-like species. The reason companies like “AquaAdvantage” are mutating genes is to cause the new salmon to produce growth hormones year-round instead of in just the spring.... [tags: Genetic engineering, Genetically modified food]
2285 words (6.5 pages)
- Genetically Modified Organisms Alisah Catalano University of Arizona Genetically modified organisms can be defined as organisms that have had their DNA enhanced or altered through a process called genetic engineering. During this process, genes are transferred from one organism to another so that new types of improved species and specimens are produced. Genetically enhanced plants and animals are a very popular topic in today’s news. Breaking new ground in the food world and medicine world, they are helping with feeding the overpopulated planet all the way to killing infectious diseases.... [tags: Genetically modified food]
2060 words (5.9 pages)
- As time goes on, scientists are discovering more and more ways to enhance the lives that we live. One way that they are doing this is through the production of genetically modified organisms. These genetically modified organisms are also known as GMOs. GMOs are living organisms whose genetic material has been artificially manipulated in a lab through genetic engineering. We have been changing the genes of plants and animals for a long time through different, more natural processes. However, due to more recent advances in the field of genetic engineering, we now have more control over the genetics of an organism.... [tags: Genetically modified food]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- GMOs Genetically modified organisms or GMOs, have genes that are redesigned in order to combine the best physiological traits to have the best production of any product. In the 1970s, many people discovered ways to transfer genes that resist antibiotic from one type of bacteria to another. The old ways have developed from the change in technology and has developed to not only manipulate the genes in bacteria, but also to manipulate the DNA of many other things, such as plants and animals.... [tags: Genetically modified food]
2069 words (5.9 pages)
- What are Genetically Modified Organisms or GMO’s. According to Resposibletechnology.org, GMO’s is the “result of a laboratory process where genes from the DNA of one species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal. The foreign genes may come from bacteria, viruses, insects, animals or even humans.” GMO’s are inserted to our food to make them grow faster, either make new species containing more nutrients, resist insects or require less water so it grows in drought stricken areas.... [tags: Genetically modified organism]
1010 words (2.9 pages)
- Congress has yet to pass a law stating the mandatory labeling of Genetically Modified Foods (GM Foods), even after studies for over decades have revealed the risks to human health, farmers, domesticated animals, wildlife and the environment (Center). More than 70% of conventional processed food contains genetically modified ingredients, which originates in labs, whose gene containing certain DNA has been modified using direct biotechnology (Center). This technology manipulates the genetic makeup of cells by transferring genes within and across species boundaries to modify the quality of the crop for nutritional value, for pharming, and to increase the size.... [tags: Genetically modified food]
992 words (2.8 pages)
- Genetically modified otherwise known as GM food are organisms which DNA which is genetic material has been altered in a way that is unnatural. The technology that is used for this process has many names such as gene technology, modern biotechnology or generic engineering. Scientists choose selected genes to be taken from one entity and placed into another they may or may not be related. Genetically modified food was first established with the hopes of conquering world hunger by altering various types of crops.... [tags: GMOs, Genetically Modified Crops]
1785 words (5.1 pages)
- This assignment is going to be focusing on genetically modified animals. Genetic modification of an animal is where you alter its genetic material by adding changing or removing DNA sequences. The aim of this is to make animals that are more disease resistant and enhances the growth. According to EFSA website it says, “GM technology has already been used for plants and microorganisms. They are used to create new food in the agriculture world. As far as GM microorganism they are created to produce enzymes.... [tags: genetic modification, ethics, science, animals]
980 words (2.8 pages)
- What if the food you were eating right now was not what you thought it was. Instead of being grown like that rest of your food, taking a certain length of time or only growing during certain seasons, it was genetically modified to grow faster and with no consideration to season at all. This concept as farfetched as it may sound is not so farfetched after all with the production of genetically modified GM salmon trying to make its way into our fishers markets and grocery stores today. This process has been going on for almost 20 years, being done to crops and animals alike, however, GM salmon will be the first commercial GM food animal to hit the American market.... [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
1148 words (3.3 pages)
- Public cities around the world are becoming more involved with a wide array of new technologies without realizing it. From super computers that calculate the movement of satellites without human involvement, to handheld personal computers. Consumers abide with an egregious array of brand new scientific advances that are accompanied by confusing new terms. The food and drug administration, commonly known as the F.D.A, is focusing much of their time with food biotechnology. The all-encompassing use of biotechnology when applied to agriculture and food production increases the deeply felt environmental, economic and ethical concern.... [tags: GMOs, Genetically Modified Crops]
1138 words (3.3 pages)