Gender Inequality Between The Sexes

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According to Maguire (1995:1), “The inequality between the sexes is one of the most intractable features of human culture.”Frankly, it is undeniable that gender inequality exists in every part of the world. Macionis (2006:252) also admits that “In most aspects, men are still in charge.” Nowadays, women keep on fighting for their right, urging for equal opportunity and fair treatment. Gender stratification, which is the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women, seems to be narrowed, but it actually remains its existence to some extends. (Macionis, John. J. 2006: 256) Socialization creates gender stereotyping. In a family, parents treat male and female children differently from birth. They teach male child to be strong, aggressive and smart. And they should have an ability to support their own family in the future. On the other hand, parents handle female that they should live in a world of passivity and emotion and being a good wife or mother in the future ( Macionis, John. J. 2006: 256). Macionis (2006), Peterson and Runyan (1993) and Maguire (1995) note that men are actually defined as masculine while women are feminine. In peer groups, Male peer group reinforces masculine traits of aggression and control in school when playing games. Female peer groups promote interpersonal skills of communication and cooperation.( Macionis, John. J. 2006: 257)In school, school always has different demand on costume and speech and deportment of boys and girls. For example, male need to wear shirt and trousers. Female need to wear dresses. Male should be smart and have a definite view. But female should be cultured. Moreover, texts and curriculum in schools further reinforce a culture’s gender role. For example... ... middle of paper ... ...occupation ceiling for women, they can hardly reach the high position in their working live. However, men are unequally treated to some extent in some cases, as what we presented in our previous pages, not all of them have paternity leave. Gender inequality and discrimination not simply affect the rights of both gender, they influence what they can get in society. More important is the influence on their mind and feeling. Inequality causes stress and anxiety. Laws help preventing the situation of inequality. And we think that education is more effective to solve the problem of inequality. We have to change our mind that men are the dominator of our world. Family, school and society should educate the new generation well. Although men are physically stronger, it doesn’t mean that they are more competent is every field. Therefore, both genders should be equally treated.
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