Gender and Nature in Science Essay

Gender and Nature in Science Essay

Length: 1182 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Science is idealized as a perfectly neutral and objective field that gives non-biased answers to the questions society asks. However, science is not exempt from contextual influence. This means that who is conducting science and the context in which science is being done affect science. The investigation of metaphors linking women and nature, makes it clear that the rise of the New science, particularly science “proving” women’s inferiority, encouraged both the subjugation of women and the exploitation of nature.
To begin, metaphors linking women and nature changed from encouraging respect and harmony to encouraging control and exploitation of both women and nature. Today many people still regard nature as female. People often refer to the earth as “mother earth” and nature as “mother nature”. This gendering of nature is nothing new; nature has historically been gendered as female. However, the effect of this mentality has changed as the metaphors linking women with nature have changed. Historically, metaphors that referred to nature as a mother figure implied that nature ought to be respected (as one would respect one’s mother), and encouraged a harmonic relationship with nature.
The scientific revolution brought about a change in the way humanity perceived nature. This new view was a mechanical view that suggested nature was not a living organism (like mother nature), but a machine composed of many parts that can be fully understood, controlled, and ultimately exploited to suit humanity’s needs. This new idea that humanity can understand and control nature coincided with the change in metaphors. Instead of portraying nature as a peaceful mother providing for humanity’s needs, the metaphors now portrayed nature as something wild...

... middle of paper ...

...ence. This demonstrates science’s susceptibility to cultural influence, and shows that science often reflects the beliefs and agendas of its conductors.

Works Cited

Blau, Francine D., and Lawrence M. Kahn. "The Gender Pay Gap: Have Women Gone as Far as They Can?." 843. Web. 7 Apr. 2014.
Bowler, Peter J., and Iwan Rhys Morus. Making Modern Science: A Historic Survey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. 496-503. Print.
Harding, Sandra. Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Thinking from Women’s Lives. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991. 43. Web.
Merchant, Carolyn. The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution. San Francisco: Harper, 1980. 270. Print.
Richardson, Elmo R. "The Struggle for the Valley: California's Hetch Hetchy Controversy, 1905-1913." California Historical Society Quarterly. 38.3 (1959): 249-258. Web. 7 Apr. 2014.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Is Luck A Good Person? Essay

- Unless mentally-obstructed by nature, I don’t agree that luck plays a significant part in the people we become and our ability to live the good life, we are responsible for achieving happiness and overcoming obstacles that momentarily prevents us from that state. Indeed, luck has a great influence in obtaining the goals and desires in one’s lives but that does not necessary mean that a good life cannot be accomplished without it. Although, luck enhances the chance to obtain pleasure at a faster and constant rate it is not responsible for achieving a good life in which happiness is achieved through sophisticated pleasure or appetite, knowledge and virtue....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Science, Nature]

Strong Essays
1339 words (3.8 pages)

Gender Identification And Expression Of Human Existence Essay

- The most evident pillar of human existence is the unrelenting and quenchless desire to discover the unknown and uncover the mysteries of reality. In the past century, humans have figured out how to fly, walked on the moon, and begun to use phrases like “gigabits per second” and “nuclear fusion.” The question of if we will figure it out was altered to when will we figure it out, and it seemed like nothing was out of reach for human discernment. For all of these reasons, it is arguably poetic that the one thing it seems we cannot interpret is ourselves....   [tags: Transgender, Gender, Nature versus nurture]

Strong Essays
1088 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Gender And Aggression : Nature Or Nurture?

- Gender in Relation to Aggression: Nature or Nurture. Aggression has been generally defined by experts and researchers as “behavior that is intended to hurt or harm others” (Crick and Grotpeter 710). New studies on gender and aggression through a broad set of academic disciplines has revealed some peculiarities in the overall causations and occurrences of aggression throughout society. These studies have come a long way since their first premiere in the early 1920s. For instance, boys were originally expected to be dramatically more aggressive than girls....   [tags: Aggression, Gender role, Gender]

Strong Essays
1900 words (5.4 pages)

Essay about Nature Vs Nurture : Nature And Nurture

- Nature versus nurture has been debated between psychologists for years and probably will be for years to come. However, both sides of the debate need to come to their sense because the human being is a product of nature and nurture. There are endless experiments to test each side’s theories; but they will never reach a law. The reason for this is because there is too many variables that cannot be controlled. Nature is what we are born with, so our genes. Then nurture is how we are impacted by our environment; these are, parents, siblings, family, peers, culture, gender, norms, child rearing, and experiences....   [tags: Nature versus nurture, Human nature]

Strong Essays
1718 words (4.9 pages)

Nature Vs. Harms On The Genders Essay

- Nature vs Nurtures Impact on the Genders The Nature–Nurture Debates: 25 Years of Challenges in Understanding the Psychology of Gender; written by Alice H. Eagly, and Wendy Wood: examines the combative psychological debate of Nature–nurture debates, undeterred by scientific data supporting gender explanations are a contributing factor (Eagly, & Wood, 2013). A vital aspect of nature vs nurture synergy, includes the fact that the functionality of a gene is not simply a trait that is passed as an inherent entity, with a predetermined force....   [tags: Nature versus nurture, Psychology, Human nature]

Strong Essays
1128 words (3.2 pages)

Delusions Of Gender By Cordelia Fine Essays

- The book Delusions of Gender was written by Cordelia Fine in August of 2010. She was born in 1975 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Throughout the years, she has attended Oxford, Cambridge and University College London to get her degrees in experimental psychology, criminology, and her PhD. Due to the fact that she is writing a book about the differences in how each of the sexes think, she has a bias because she is a female and she doesn’t have true insight on what a male has on their point of view. She wrote this novel to inform readers that there are differences and similarities between the genders of male and female and how each of their minds work....   [tags: Male, Gender, Female, Sex]

Strong Essays
1120 words (3.2 pages)

Gender Segregation And Social Science Research Essay

- My main research method will be producing a video that encompasses the interviews and highlights the growing cultural segregation and social change in the area. Whilst my secondary methods will be secondary, mostly using government and local authority statistics. “The choice of a particular research methodology cannot be guided only by a greater or lesser knowledge of a particular procedure, but by what is needed to obtain empirical material whose density and wealth allow us a better approximation of the object of research”....   [tags: Sociology, Scientific method, Sampling, Science]

Strong Essays
1083 words (3.1 pages)

Gender And Gender Impact On Society Essays

- For many, gender is an unquestionable fact of nature resulting in the determination of male or female. However many feminists are left wondering how they should feel about these strict gender roles that are inflicted on women and men and in most cases leave women feeling like they are playing the inferior roles. Many are struggling “both to challenge and to celebrate gender difference” (Rhode, 22) and are conflicted between the idea that women should be united together as one group and the dichotomy that each woman has her own unique individual experience that cannot be vaguely defined in a group....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Woman, Feminism]

Strong Essays
1304 words (3.7 pages)

Gender Selection And Gender Stereotyping Essays

- According to the Oxford Dictionary, designer baby is a baby whose genetic makeup has been selected in order to eradicate a particular defect, or to ensure that a particular gene is present. Now that science has progressed a lot, we are actually able to choose the characteristics and as well as the gender of the unborn baby. In fact, the world’s first “designer baby” Adam Nash was born on 29 August 2000 in the United States (Oliver). When I think of my future children, I hope that they have all the best characteristics but I don’t really care if my child is a boy or a girl....   [tags: Gender, Discrimination, Sexism, Female]

Strong Essays
1454 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Gender Roles And Women 's Gender

- As defined by the Oxford Dictionary, gender roles are “roles or behaviors learned by a person as appropriate to their gender, determined by the prevailing cultural norms.” Gender roles are built on the interactions people have with others and their environments, and those interactions give individuals strong suggestions about how they should behave based on what gender they are. Women’s gender roles in America place them below men which creates an unequal society. That unequal society is especially harsh toward women....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Male, Female]

Strong Essays
1192 words (3.4 pages)